BAROTSELAND’S EMANCIPATION ACT AND RESTORATION ORDER 2012
The process of liberation is irresistible and irreversible and in order to avoid serious governance crises, a constitution is put in place. A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed. In the case of Royal Barotseland we have an Emancipation Act and Restoration Order of 2012 which is our constitution during this transition period.
Often, questions may arise such as the validity and importance of a constitution during this time when governance structures are still being put in place. Yes, it is valid and legal as it has been endorsed by over 20,000 citizens of Royal Barotseland. The firm foundation of any state is based on the legality of the rule of law. This is a task of the transitional government to re-establish the rule of law in our land that was destroyed by the Zambian government. Let us closely take note of words as used in the Barotseland transitional constitution such as Emancipation, Act and Order;
Emancipation (n) [Latin, =free from possession, from manus hand, capio take];
That means Barotseland is freed politically from being possessed.
Act (n) something done; a deed, or a decree of a legislative body;
The unilateral declaration of independence by the BNC in 2012 is a decree in itself passed by the highest body of the land (BNC).
Order (n) a condition in which every part, unit, etc, is in its right place, or state of obedience to law, authority etc;
As we all know our territory was under illegal control for decades and the governance of law is the climax in the process of restoration.
The Barotseland National Council (BNC) that was held on 26th and 27th of March 2012 in the Royal Village of Limulunga few kilometers away from Mungu is the highest decision making body in Barotseland and declared Barotseland free to pursue its own self-determination and destiny.
Resolution number eight is very specific and states that “The Barotseland government should, within 30 days, put in place a transition process leading to taking over all government functions in Barotseland and the election of the KATENGO Legislative council”. End of quote.
Though, this was not achieved at that time after the historic 2012 BNC meeting, however it has finally been fulfilled today with the current Royal government inaugurated on 14th and 15th August 2013.
An inauguration is a formal ceremony to mark the beginning of a major public leader’s term of office. Hon Afumba Mombotwa took an oath and subsequently announced his cabinet on 14th and 15th August 2013. Considering the importance of independence declaration, the transitional government was to be inaugurated soon after the statehood requirements are fulfilled.
For the first time in the history of Barotseland a civil government is in place under the leadership of Hon. Afumba Mombotwa and his team of men and women who know what to do. Hon. Mombotwa was sworn in to lead the provisional government as Administrator General at the risk of his life and that of his family considering the evil schemes of Zambia.
In the statement of his oath he was sworn in to protect, defend, and uphold the constitution of Royal Barotseland which he said had been a ‘stateless Nation’ under Zambia’s control for the past 49 years.
For arguments sake, Hon Afumba has publicly renounced his Zambian citizenship going by such oaths. For the sake of clarification, an oath is an affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office. Such oaths are often required by the laws of the state, in this case Hon. Afumba Mombotwa was able to be sworn in as Administrator General because of the constitution in place. This should be born in every Barotzhis mind that no other constitution is binding in Barotseland other than the Barotseland Emancipation Act and Restoration Order 2012. We should bear in mind that a constitution cancels the other one; in this case Barotseland constitution has cancelled the Zambian one. That’s why we should respect and defend our constitution.
The other point people should know is that an oath can be administered privately (in case of security risks) and then repeated during a public ceremony (when there is security). Once an oath has been administered and a person sworn in it may be considered TREASON or a HIGH CRIME to betray a sworn oath of office. Therefore, Hon. Afumba Mombotwa cannot betray the people of Barotseland because of the seriousness of the act of oath taken.
What the unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) means is that we have reclaimed the ownership of our territory, therefore, we should all publicly support the transitional government in place, renounce our Zambian citizenship and uphold the constitution of Barotseland. Upholding the constitution is not a partisan issue but rather a national issue and if we don’t start standing up for our right to reposes our territory, no one will hand it to us. Indeed the best is to change our mind set and support Royal Barotseland government led by Hon. Afumba Mombotwa with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, and mutually pledge to each other our lives and our fortunes.
We cannot afford to entertain partisan differences at this crucial moment, let us take charge of our country first and those who want to be politicians can do so after defeating the enemy.
Tukongote Litunga Ni lyetu.
Rt. Hon. Kalaluka W. Mulope
Secretary of State for Legal Affairs
Royal Barotseland Government.
Editor's Note: Find the Emancipation Act and Restoration Order of 2012 here: http://barotsepost.com/index.php/en/frontnews/local-news/129-constitution-of-barotseland#comment-278
In a complete show of defiance hundreds of Barotseland nationals openly and publicly voiced out their desire to renounce their Zambian citizenship to take on Barotseland citizenship. The story which was fully covered by MUVI Tv, a Zambian privately owned media organization, showed hundreds of Barotses declaring that a public renunciation of Zambian citizenship to that of Barotseland is to take place very soon.
This is in spite of the continued arrest of anyone showing any sort of sympathy to the newly declared self rule in Barotseland. The hundreds of mostly Linyungandambo supporters, men and women, told the MUVI Tv reporter, Lloyd, that they are ready to throw away their green Zambia National Registration Cards (NRCs) and passport because they are not Zambians any more as they belong to the new state of Barotseland.
"There is nothing we benefit from Zambia that we can not do for ourselves, and that we are not afraid any more because calling for self rule is not a crime" declared one activists.
This is according to MUVI Tv prime time news monitored by Barotsepost a while ago at 18:30hrs CAT.
71 Barotse activists are currently detained on treasonous felony in Zambian prisons for sympathizing with calls for Barotseland separate state. The separatists who were rounded up by Zambia police have since denied the charge of treason, which carries a maximum penalty of death under Zambian laws, at the court hearing in Mongu, the capital of Barotseland. They argued that it was illegal for Zambian courts to try them and said other organizations — the United Nations, for example, or the African Union — could set up a tribunal to handle their cases.
Magistrate Benson Mwanandiwa adjourned the case to Oct. 2, saying such issues should be decided by the southern African country’s High Court, which is the only tribunal that can hand down a death sentence.
Barotseland Nationals Ready to Give up Zambian Citizenship - Courtesy of MUVI TV
71 Linyungandambo Members Transferred to Mwembeshi Prison
The 71 Linyungandambo members charged with treason have been transferred from Mongu Central Prison to Mwembeshi Prison in Central province. The 65 male and 6 females left Mongu for Mwembeshi in the night of September 18, 2013. Western Province Police Chief Lombe Kamukoshi has confirmed the development to Muvi TV in Mongu today. Ms Kamukoshi says the accused will, however, appear before Mongu magistrate Court on October 2, 2013 - Courtesy of MUVI TV
The search at Hon. Clement W Sinyinda, former Ngambela (Prime Minister) of Barotseland has now been done, and he has since been picked up, and taken to the police station in what seems to be an arrest, as this reporter observe from a safe distance. Undisclosed documents have also been reported to have been seized from him during the house search, although it is not yet clear if the Ngongi (traditional symbol of authority and instrument of power for his Ngambelaship) has also been seized from him in the police search.
Also picked up together with him are three youth activists, one female and two male.
Some police insider said the order is to arrest him over some yet to be disclosed charge and take him to Lusaka.
His house and residence was very early this morning surrounded and 'besieged' by the Zambia police, in what seemed to be an imminent arrest or a house search of some kind. A source close to his family in an interview with Barotsepost reporter said it was not clear what the out come for that latest police move would be, but feared for former Sope's life.
His suspicion was that the former Ngambela might be arrested over some 'crime' whose evidence maybe planted during the so called search as it is 'unthinkable' that Zambia would sink so low as to arrest him over what the people of Barotseland unanimously resolved during last year's Barotse National Council which voted for Barotseland independence from Zambia.
In his recent visit to Barotseland, president Sata of Zambia ordered for the arrest of Hon. Clement Sinyinda for his role in the impending 'secession' of Barotseland from Zambia.
More update as the story develops
The case involving Boris Muziba, Nayoto Mwenda and Sikwibele Wasilota, all executive members of the Barotseland National Youth League (BNYL) which was scheduled to take place today has once again been adjourned to the 12th of May, 2014, due to non-availability of the Magistrate Mr. Malata who is handling the case. The trio who were arrested on the 26th of January 2014 are charged with the offense of publication of false news with intent to alarm and cause fear contrary to the laws of Zambia after they were arrested by the Zambian Government for having written a letter to Mr. Clement Wainyae Sinyinda, leader of one of the liberation movements in Barotseland who they alleged was funded by the Zambian Government to frustrate the efforts being made for the Independence of Barotseland.
However, they have refused to be tried by any Zambian court system as they are not Zambians but Barotzish citizens who wrote a personal letter to a another Barotzish citizen, and also that the alleged offense, if any, was not committed in Zambia but in Barotseland beyond Zambia's jurisdiction, as Barotseland is now a separate state with her own government from that of the country of Zambia. Their case has now been adjourned for more than six times already over reasons such as the resident magistrate not turning up for court session in what many Barotseland nationals consider as a deliberate ploy to simply torture and frustrate the trio. An international petition aimed at urging President Michael Chilufya Sata of Zambia to unconditionally release the three BNYL officials has since been started on AVAAZ.ORG the world's largest and most effective online campaigns web site for change
Meanwhile, the number of supporters and freedom campaigners on hand at the court sessions is beginning to rise as the case is now helping in spreading Barotseland Independence message at an exponential rate, and also the number of people wearing t-shirts displaying the message “Barotseland ki Naha” which translates as Barotseland is a country” is increasing as more and more people are being exposed to information that was kept out of public view with the purpose to suppress Malozi so that they behave like serfs.
The general public that came to attend the court proceedings are saying that "Zambia is fighting a losing battle, because they cannot suppress people forever, and time is now when Zambia and Barotseland have separated." This message was quite strong in almost all those that we talked with.
Zambia has since 1965 been arresting Barotseland nationals on charges related to the abrogated 1964 Barotseland Agreement or matters related to the people of Barotseland's demands for self determination. However, no single person has ever been tried and convicted. Last year 84 Barotseland independence activists were arrested for treason which is punishable by death under Zambian laws, but after 3-4 months of imprisonment without trial they were released when it became clear that proceeding to trial would expose Zambia's abrogation of the 1964 agreement, and that their continued incarceration was attracting international attention to the peaceful demands of the people of Barotseland.
Boris Muziba, Nayoto Mwenda and Sikwibele Wasilota (Barotseland Kingdom) Vs. Zambian Government
The case involving the three Barotseland nationals illegally detained at Kaoma Prison by the Zambian Government namely Boris Muziba, Nayoto Mwenda and Sikwibele Wasilota, the Barotseland National Youth League executive members which was slated for the 8th of April, 2014 was adjourned to the 9th of April, 2014 due to the non-availability of the Magistrate handling the case. The trio is charged for having written and published a letter intended for the former Ngambela Clement Sinyinda who they suspected to be collaborating with Mr. Sata against the independence of Barotseland Kingdom. In this case it is surprising that the person whom the letter was intended didn’t complain, instead Mr. Sata, and his Government have complained against the authors of this letter. In the letter there was nothing incriminating and it was intended for a Lozi and not a Zambian.
The detained have for several occasions defined themselves as Barotseland nationals, and that they do not recognize the validity of the Zambian law in the Barotseland Kingdom; as there is one Head of State the Litunga King Lubosi Imwiko 2, one National Flag, one National Constitution and one Government just like Zambia.
“Zambia is a republic whilst Barotseland is a Kingdom, and the two will never be one. We have stated that if Zambia doesn’t recognize the sovereignty of Barotseland, then they also don’t recognize the sovereignty of Zambia in Barotseland Kingdom” the trio.
The great multitude of sympathizers, family members, and supporters thronging at the Kaoma Magistrate Court wearing t-shirts bearing the words “Barotseland Ki Naha” was seen in a jovial mode singing songs in support of the trio. Though the sympathizers, family members and general supporters of Barotseland’s independence expressed their discontent about the way the case was being handled, and they condemned all the adjournments, and they described it as a sign of judicial failure and abuse of the Zambian Government.
The case was adjourned to the 9th April on account that the Magistrate handling the case didn’t show up. There are also strong rumors that even on the 9th the case would not take off because the Zambia Police are becoming increasingly uncomfortable with the growing number of case followers, and also that this case was also helping to spread the independence cancer of Barotseland Kingdom to the Kaoma region, and that people from that area are being exposed to special information that was hidden by Mr. Kaunda.
Meanwhile, Linyungandambo committees in Kaoma are now very active and even the fear of being arrested has vanished from their lives. It is to our common knowledge the arrests that Zambia is making in Barotseland Kingdom is not working to Zambia’s advantage, but it is working for Barotseland Kingdom, and this is seen in the exponential growth of the number of sympathizers and supporters that join the bandwagon. This case also is building resistance in the people against the criminal aliens.
Asking the team of Barotseland National Youth League and sympathizers that came from Mungu whether they will wait for tomorrow’s court session; with an emphatic affirmative they answered “we will not return until we have attended the court session. What we want is to go back to Mungu with our heroes” they said.
9th April, 2014 Case Takes Off – Eye Witness Account by Kalaluka
The case was adjourned from the 8th to the 9th which was the following day. The Kaoma resident magistrate made mention that the case could not proceed on the 8th because magistrate Malata didn’t show up for some unknown reasons. After that the 3 detainees were taken back to Kaoma prison, we did the usual solidarity activities. We sang the Barotseland National Anthem and solidarity songs.
But when we tried to follow up on what happened, we learnt that it was a deliberate move why Malata didn’t show up on the 8th. As a result, we also decided to spend a night in Kaoma to attend the court session on the 9th of April, 2014.
On the 9th, at exactly 09:20hrs the court was already in session, likewise Prosecutor Mwakalombe made her move in order for them to forcefully put our compatriots to trial. But ultimately, the trio maintained their stance that they cannot be tried by any Zambian court or by Zambian law. They reiterated that they already made an application before the same court but the court decided to pay a blind eye towards it. But magistrate Malata acting adamantly decided to proceed with the case.
This time a second state witness by the name of Wasamunu, a teacher at Kambule Technical High School (Barotseland National School) who is also a police reserve according to our source. He also gave his version of the rehearsed and falsified statement testifying against his fellow Barotseland Nationals.
After taking oath, Wasamunu said on the 19th of January,2014 when he was in town, he saw some people around Sianga area, who looked like they were scrambling for something as a group while making certain utterances. According to him, he never paid attention but when he reached PUMA filling (Service) station, he saw some papers lying on the ground. He picked them up and read the front page which was referenced, “Attempted Coup against Barotseland Government” and the letter was for the attention of Mr. Clement W. Sinyinda. He further said that he read only the front page after that, he threw away the paper and rushed to his home to inform his beloved wife that she should not go in town.
After that he claimed that called Mambilima to inform him about what he has found in town.
When he was asked to say if he saw the signatures or not, his reply was that he didn’t and neither did he know who wrote the letter. But when it was time for the trio to cross examine him, they all refused to ask him any question citing that they have question for him, yes, but not in the current court. And after that, Magistrate Malata adjourned the case to the 22 April 2014 for mention, and 29 to 30 for possible trial.
Even on this day we sung the Barotseland National Anthem and many other songs of patriotism and praise. We continued singing patriotic songs while walking from the court premises through Kaoma town center to Naliele Palace.
End of Report.
Magistrate Malata adjourned the case to the 22nd of April, 2014 for mention, and 29th to 30th April, 2014 for possible trial.
6th January 2014
PRESS RELEASE FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS ROYAL BAROTSELAND GOVERNMENT
To all esteemed and beloved Barotseland. Happy and Prosperous New year to you all.
This serves to inform you all that your Royal Barotseland Government under the leadership of His Excellency the Right Honorable Afumba Mombotwa is at work. We know that you are very anxious to have things done within the shortest possible time.
We understand this, and indeed it is a right expectation, but please be reminded that good and lasting things sometimes take time. I, however, wish to assure you that we have been moving and indeed continue to make progress.
In the area of International Relations your Royal Barotseland Government has scored certain things and among them are the following:
1. We have earned 'Recognition' by Federation of Free States of Africa
2. We have earned 'Recognition' by Union of Free States
3. The royal Barotseland government has also succeeded in opening the trust fund account for the central bank of Barotseland(CBB) with First National Bank (FNB) in Botswana, a friendly country. This action by the Botswana government is 'Implied Recognition'
4. Acceptance of Royal Barotseland into UNPO membership.
More effort has been, and continue to be made to seek 'Recognition' from individual sovereign states of the world, and further to establish bilateral relations with other states. I wish to assure the whole nation that a lot of progress is being made and very soon the results will begin to show.
To this effect therefore, we appeal to all the Barotseland citizens to remain vigilant, prayerful and united.
Tukongote Litunga Ni Lyetu.
God bless Barotseland and all her people.
For Secretary of State for International Relations
ZAMBIA has moved closer to having the Barotse Plains being declared as World Heritage Site, Zambia's Post Newspaper understand.
According to Isaac Kanguya, who is National Heritage Conservation Commission ( NHCC) public relations officer, the UNESCO World Heritage Committee currently holding its 38th session meeting in Doha, Qatar, has referred the nomination of Zambia’s Barotse Plains in Western Province for inscription as a World Heritage Site.
“Going by this resolution made on Saturday, Zambia needs to improve on the nomination dossier in readiness for examination and inscription by the Committee at Zambia’s earliest convenience,” Kanguya said.
He said the Barotse Plains had outstanding universal value, giving the landscape great potential for inscription as a World Heritage Site.
“If inscribed, it would be Zambia’s second World Heritage site after the Victoria Falls which was inscribed in 1989,” said Kanguya.
The Zambian delegation to the 38th session of the World Heritage Committee is led by Brenda Muntemba, the chief programmes officer at the Zambia national commission for UNESCO. Others in the Delegation include Philomena Kachesa, the charge d’affaires at the Embassy and Permanent delegation of Zambia to UNESCO and Kagosi Mwamulowe, NHCC’s acting executive director - Source PostZambia.com
I am prompted to explain in summary the role of UNPO and FEDERATION OF FREE STATES OF AFRICA in order for the people to understand their very existence.
It should be noted that contrary to popular perception, self‐determination does not necessarily imply secession, separate nationhood, or even autonomy. It simply refers to the right of all peoples to freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development. The exercise of this right can result in a variety of outcomes, ranging from political independence to full integration within an existing state.
THE FEDERATION OF FREE STATES OF AFRICA (FFSA)
The Federation of Free States of Africa is an Alliance of Sovereign African States.
ITS AIM AND PURPOSE
It's aim and purpose are to promote Democracy, Freedom and Peace in Africa. The federations is also known as the African League for Peace and Prosperity.
UNPO (Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization)
The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO), was formed on the 11 February 1991 in The Hague, Netherlands as an international pro-democracy organisation.
Its purpose is to facilitate the voices of unrepresented and marginalised nations and peoples worldwide. Technically, it is not a non-governmental organisation (NGO) as some of its members are governments or government agencies of unrecognized states like Barotseland. Its members consist of indigenous peoples, minorities, and unrecognised or occupied territories.
UNPO supports members in getting their human and cultural rights respected and in preserving their environments. The organization trains groups in how to advocate their causes effectively. Some former members, such as Armenia, East Timor, Estonia, Latvia, Georgia and Palau, have gained full independence and joined the United Nations.
UNPO’s vision is to affirm democracy as a fundamental human right, implement human, civil and political rights worldwide, uphold the universal right to autonomy and self-determination and further federalism. The organization provides a forum for members to network and assists them in participating at an international level.
It encourages nonviolent methodologies to reach peaceful solutions to conflicts and oppression. UNPO members are required to be nonviolent.
MEMBERS HAVE ONE THING IN COMMON
Although UNPO members often have different goals, they have one thing in common: they are generally not represented diplomatically (or only with a minor status, such as observer) in major international institutions, such as the United Nations. As a result, their ability to have their concerns addressed by the global bodies mandated to protect human rights and address conflict is limited.
UNPO is dedicated to the five principles enshrined in its Covenant:
◾The equal right to self-determination;
◾Adherence to the internationally accepted human rights standards as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international instruments;
◾Adherence to the principles of democratic pluralism and rejection of totalitarianism and religious intolerance;
◾Promotion of non-violence and the rejection of terrorism as an instrument of policy; and
◾Protection of the natural environment.
All members are required to sign and abide by the UNPO Covenant. Barotseland is a member of both UNPO and FFSA. It is worth mentioning here that UNPO does not grant independence or offer National Flags to members but as the objectives and aims explains, it helps on how to battle the suppression to attain autonomy or self determination peacefully. The onus is on the people seeking independence to remain steadfast and united for a purpose to win sovereignty recognition from united nations member countries which is cardinal and most difficult stage.
Tukongote Litunga Ni lyetu.
By Saleya Kwalombota
Allow me space in your wonderful media channel to share this screed on the subject of change and resistance once more. From interactions with people at home and abroad it is evident that there is still ignorance and resistance to the momentous change of March 2012 when Barotse Royal Kingdom officially accepted the abrogation of the BA’64 by its former UNITARY STATEHOOD PARTNER Northern Rhodesia. What needs to be reiterated time and again is that playing oblivious to the idea whose time has come will not help, just like ‘crying over spilt milk’.
So far the Royal Barotse Authority and interim Barotse Government have put programmes in place to ensure that our reclaimed new statehood attains its full restoration and maturation, within the specified time-frames. However, progress of these programmes has been marred by some inevitable resistance. This is not new but something that is expected of every change programme. The most serious challenges to improving programmes all have the same focus which is people. Fortunately our leaders know that developing and implementing programmes to keep today’s Barotseland competitive in a tough, constantly changing environment requires dealing with resistance to change. Resistance to change is a fact of human nature which according to Robbins and Finley (1998:102) is an ancient pattern which broadly models the following steps:-
1. A good idea creates an aura of hope.
2. Hope inspires some people but causes others anxiety.
3. Anxiety prompts resistance.
4. Resistance wrecks the good idea.
However, it does not usually happen this way. For instance, a raffle winner of a M750 000(Barotse currency) is not likely to decline the prize just because he cannot handle the anxiety his fortune will bring. In the same vein, a salary increase or a promotion is more likely to generate a positive reaction in an average worker. It is when a perception of negative consequence to a change or the continued uncertainty surrounding a change initiative is entertained by an individual that resistance is fostered or/and encountered. These perceptions arise from the information and misinformation from around us, coloured by one’s experiences and knowledge, insights, emotional maturity and finally the extent of their obduracy or flexibility. So, people’s resistance to change is more the result of their perceptions of the psychological and social consequences of change. Additionally, our leaders need to distinguish between rationalizations and misinterpretations and the possible deeper levels of reasons for resistance. We have seen, heard and read all these misconceptions, fears, rationalizations, anxieties and resistances to our change but so far so good. We owe it all to our leaders for containing the process so well. Nonetheless, there is still enough room for improvement to be made, in the way our change agenda is being managed. I will not labour on causes of resistance since this was addressed in the preceding articles on this very subject of change, almost a year ago. Allow me instead to reflect on the life cycle of resistance to change and how this is affecting us on our way to total freedom.
THE LIFE CYCLE OF RESISTANCE TO CHANGE IN BAROTSELAND.
The impatient and anxious minds are filled with many questions wondering as to when shall all these things come to past- the ills that Zambia is meting against us and our full independence? The international community still seems to be numb and deaf to our repeated calls to help Zambia wake up to the reality of the present truth. Apparently, the eyes of an ordinary observer may see delayed and denied justice. Painful as it may be these are some of birth pangs to our much treasured freedom. This article attempts to explain the perceived delay from the school of management and change. Hoping that by so doing it will put the doubting or perplexed mind into proper perspective.
Most management scholars have observed that resistance to change undergoes a life cycle: from
a, outright resistance,
b, through partial resistance,
c, to partial acceptance, and , finally,
d, to complete acceptance; when each Mulozi and the whole world including UN, SADC, AU and our neighbouring Northern Rhodesia get to that level and our side of the story.
The reason behind all this is perhaps as observed by Scott and Jaffe (1989: 24-30) that change involves elements of both danger and opportunity. When people approach a change programme their first response is usually to see it as a threat or danger. Unfortunately, this is the standpoint of our coloniser Zambia. The good news is that once the change occurs it is not unusual for those affected to start getting used to it and begin to see new opportunities, possibilities and strengths – TO UNDERSTAND THAT WHAT WE COULD NOT ACHIEVE IN UNIT OF UNIFORMITY (DUBBED AS ONE ZAMBIA ONE NATION) WE CAN DO BETTER IN UNITY OF DIVERSITY AS SEPARATE SOVEREIGN STATES. These two broad stages of danger and opportunity can be subdivided into the following phases most people move through in every major transition, Barotse Independence inclusive:
A. DANGER can be subdivided into denial and resistance; people who see change as a danger will inevitable experience denial of change and resistance to its import. Unfortunately, Zambia is stuck at this level of our change transition toward self-determination.
B. OPPORTUNITY can be subdivided into exploration and commitment. To the contrary, individuals who view change as opportunity engage in exploration, consequently committing themselves to being part of the change team. This is the Barotzish espoused position. In our transformational change we see our full strengths and opportunities to liberate and develop our motherland, from where we paused pre 1964.
STRATEGIES FOR RECOGNIZING AND MANAGING RESISTANCE
Managing the different stages of change will call for different strategies. It must be noted here that during any particular period of the change programme and while leaders are mapping out their change management strategies, different people may well be working their individual ways out through the different phases. That is because in as much as we are different individuals we are in different phases at any one time in our change process. This is true for both Zambian and Barotse nationals. Following are some proposed tips found useful in recognizing and diagnosing each phase to help us all as individuals or Team Barotse to manage our change phase situations effectively and efficiently to our ultimate and desired goal:
1. DENIAL PHASE
• Do you find yourself withdrawn, “business as usual”, dwelling on the past. Lots of activity but not much gets done. The presence of Zambian armed security forces in Barotseland is a good example of this, even when the soldiers are begging their commander to take them back home because they are doing nothing but weekly deaths of soldiers in our land. The CHECKLIST includes apathy, numbness to purpose and ‘it will be over real soon’ attitude. This typically well defines Zambia’s position. As the time runs out for them we have seen a lot of denial tactics employed by our Zambian folks to try and thwart our determination.
• Confront ourselves or team members with information to know that the change has commenced, is ongoing and has a definite resolve. Explain expectations and suggest actions to take to adjust to the independence change programme or give time for the impact to sink and then conduct regular planning sessions or meetings to involve all levels in the home, workplace, church silalo, munzi and so forth. It is planned and hoped that the three-year interim period will suffice for the transition logistics.
. Characterized by anger, blame, anxiety, depression, and drastic productivity drop, remarks like “does it matter, whether Iam in Barotseland or Zambia?” Remarks like “The Barotse Government or people don’t seem to care” attitude. Is this your condition? CHECKLIST includes failure to sleep at night, anger and fights, withdrawal from the team, and remarks like “I gave my all but look what it got me”.
• First accept the resistance phase syndrome, listen, acknowledge feelings, respond with empathy and support to self or others concerned. It is human to feel that way but what can be dangerous is to hide ones feelings. It is important to let people show their true colours because this exposes them for appropriate remedy. The greatest enemies to our change agenda are those who pretend to be with us and yet they are introvertly against us! The snake in the grass!!
. A person in this phase has over preparation, confusion, chaos, energy. "Let’s try this and what about this ……..” There is just a lot of energy and new ideas but a lack of focus in a change exploring individual. The CHECKLIST indicators include over-preparation, frustration, too many new ideas, have too much to do and distorted focus. We might all have felt like this at one time or another.
• Focusing on priorities and providing or attending any needed education and training courses. Follow up on projects underway. Set short term goals. Conduct brainstorming, participation, visioning and planning sessions. The style and modes of doing this may vary given the political intolerant atmosphere that still lingers upon us by our former coloniser Zambia.
4. COMMITMENT PHASE
. People in this change phase work together. They have co-operation and a better focus. The language is “How can we work on this?" These people are looking for the next challenge to get the mission accomplished and vision attained. Undoubtedly, Team Barotse needs the committed individuals who grasp our self-determination not as a danger but opportunity to be ourselves, consistently with the holy writ in Acts 17:26 Nyambe, our God “… hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation.” There is nothing to be apologetic about by any Lozi because our nation existed from time immemorial to most of us, even long before there was any land called Zambia. The CHECKLIST at this change phase notably includes teamwork, satisfaction, clarity of focus and strategic plan.
• Setting long term goals, concentrating on team building, creation of legal and other guiding policy documents, validating and rewarding those responding to the change and looking ahead to avoid surprises.
As a nation this is how far we have gone. How far are you dear reader?
The team Barotse needs the commitment of everyone and every structure in our land to grace the commitment by the Interim Government and others. The prevailing gaps in the network of our liberation train need closing up to avoid being misconstrued by Zambia and the eagerly on looking world. For instance, the protracted vacancy of Ngambela and the numbness of our MPs in foreign Zambian parliament may be eroding the needed impetus to our change and hence the ‘delay’.
Notwithstanding, dear compatriots, the long night of our colonial rule is far spent and imminent is the dawn of our independence. Subsequent to this is our basking in the sunlight of our day of freedom. We will sit under the mingongo, mizauli and mango trees, among others, by day, to shade and recruit ourselves from the failed omens from our enemies, while taking stock of our long walk to freedom (50 yrs. in servitude). We will then fully understand that patience pays, even in the face of resistance to change!
Written by Lindunda Wamunyima.
A declaration of independence or declaration of statehood is an assertion by a defined territory that it is independent and constitutes a state. Such territories are usually declared from part or all the territory of another nation or failed nation, or are breakaway territories from within the larger state. Declarations of independence are typically made without the consent of the associated state or union, and hence are sometimes called unilateral declarations of independence (UDI), particularly by those who question the independence declarations’ validity. The latest declaration of independence in Africa being the one declared by Barotseland in 2012 that came as a result of Zambia’s abrogation of the union treaty known as Barotseland Agreement 1964 (BA64) in 1969.
In 2010, UN’s international court of justice (ICJ) ruled in an advisory opinion on Kosovo that “International law contains no prohibition on declarations of independence”, though the state from which the territory wishes to secede may regard the declaration as rebellion, which may lead to a war of independence or a constitutional settlement to resolve the crisis. That’s why there is need of formation of a national security force to defend the territory from the occupying force. It is true that not all declarations of independence succeed in the formation of an independent state but some end up as dependent territory or area. There are reasons for a country or province wishing to seek independence:
1. Disillusionment leading to the establishment of separatist movements
2. Severe economic difficulties
3. Failure to honor treaties or agreements of union
4. Nationalism, etc
Historically, there have been three major periods of declaring independence:
I. The years from 1776 to the Revolution of 1848 in Europe
II. The immediate aftermath of the first world war with the breakup of the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires and
III. The decades from 1945 to 1979, when seventy (70) newly independent states emerged from European colonial empires.
Actions used in seeking independence vary from peaceful demonstration to a violent guerrilla war, especially if the occupying power regard the declaration as rebellion or refuses to settle it at international courts like ICJ. Zambia is a danger to a peaceful settlement as it is busy militarizing our territory and advancing in the scheme of divide and rule among Barotse tribes to weaken our resolve to independence. Declaring independence and attaining it however, are quite different. Independence declaration is not illegal and is within the international law and politics that a nation or territory wishing independence from either a dominating power will issue a declaration. The strength and hope of our independence determination lies in the law and knowing that we have followed the international law in every step we have taken. I strongly believe that soon and very soon Barotseland will attain independence. In general, we need to be patriotic, cultural and have a sense of belonging to a state of Royal Barotseland while the spirit of patriotism remains the root of our strength.
There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe nor political, nor popular, but he must take it because conscience tells him it is right. Difficult decisions will have to be taken now, but we should be sure that our people in our territory are protected. Working together, we are confident that we can take the country through difficult times to better days ahead, once the independence has been actualized. And we should all be committed to turning old thinking and develop new approaches to help to actualize Barotseland’s civil government. The interim Barotseland civil government should be supported in building the capacity of governance and to cooperate with the individuals behind this formation.
There is need to deepen the disengagement otherwise our territory will suffer deterioration in economic development and growth. Barotzish politicians in the Zambian parliament should not continue serving as members of parliament and should comply with the people’s call to step down. I see no merit in their continuity as members of parliament in a foreign parliament, unless they are only after their personal gains or consider them non Barotzish. To avoid uncoordinated statements from the BRE, there is need to modernize the BRE to fit in the system of constitutional monarch. However, the BRE should not mistake our love and respect for the Litungaship as subservience or a misplaced romanticism of the past. BRE should move with the people and work as a team to actualize our independence.
The struggle for independence has no age barrier, but age is just a limitation we put on our minds. For instance, the former Ngambela Maxwell Mututwa (late) was among the 123 arrested by Zambia after the 14th January 2011 Mungu fracas, and sent to prison at the age of 92. What should be known is that every great achievement was once considered impossible. The independence of Barotseland will be actualized and we should not be discouraged as it’s often the last key in the bunch that opens the lock. When you feel like giving up, remember what could have inspired our forefathers to protect the territory from colonization and held on despite external security threats. Don’t wait for others to fight for independence until it has been done, get involved now. With each step, the struggle will grow stronger and stronger, more and more self-confident and more and more successful. We should not give up; Barotseland was not meant to go into oblivion. Our dream of living in an independent Barotseland should continue because a person with big dreams is more powerful than one with all the facts. Napoleon Hill once said, “Whatever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve,” We believe that self determination is our human right and that Barotseland should be an independent nation.
Let it be known that no amount of intimidation will stop Barotseland self-determination. I am confident that the people of Barotseland will remain unified as we battle against the occupying force diplomatically.
Tukongote Litunga ni lyetu.
By Saleya Kwalombota.
In the wake of un confirmed reports that Michael Sata president of Zambia has written a letter to the Litunga (King) of Barotseland, Lubosi Imwiko II, acknowledging that he, Sata, does recognize the validity of the Barotseland Agreement 1964, and that he would like to call for dialogue with the Litunga, BRE and the freedom movements in Barotseland over this matter, we wish to call for UNCONDITIONAL release of all arrested Barotse Nationals before there can even be any talk of possible 'Dialogue'.
Furthermore, we wish to advise that Sata should not enter into any secrete correspondence with the BRE or the the Litunga of Barotseland for that matter because we know that Zambia has had a tendency of rejecting ever having engaged in any such correspondence once things did not go their way, but rather that there also be public announcement of such calls. We want to hear any such calls reported by his news agencies so that it is a matter of public record.
We also wish to plead with our elders in the BRE to put the interest of the majority of their people and their plight in this whole matter, as the voice of the people of Barotseland has been very categorically clear since the 26th - 27th March 2012 Barotse National Council.
Here below is what one Barotse national had to say over this purported letter to the Litunga by Sata.
All those arrested by foreign occupying forces Zambia over Independence of Barotseland shall remain political prisoners.We urge Sata to release them before calling for dialogue because what he wants to dialogue over is what they have been arrested for therefore he must face them so that they tell him the truth about why we are being hunted and arrested.
1. Sata was one of the officials who were send by Chiluba regime to discuss the Barotse issue in Barotseland.their message to the Ngambela was very clear (the BA64 is a STALE ISSUE)
2. He praised the Agreement in 2011 saying he is not afraid of it and will restore it if he is voted as president.
3. He appointed a Commission of inquiry lead by Rodger Chongwe a renowned Human Rights Lawyer.The recommendation were very clear that we are no longer interested in the Unitary state of the mouth. The Commission turned this around in favour of what Mr. Sata promised,without reading it he turned it down,saying it will be opening Pandora box.We wonder which Nation in Zambia signed an Agreement for Independence of Zambia.
4. In response to Sata's action we requested the King and BRE to call for (pizo, BNC).As democratic Country Barotse National Council 'the supreme body' was succesfully held and we informed Zambia and the whole World.
On 14th may 2012 Sata received official notification letter that we have also accepted the repudiation of BA64,we are no longer interested in a bogus Union with Zambia. He never attempted to respond to the letter but kept quit.We wonder what he wants when he has realized we mean business.
Our message to Sata is very straight (we want Self-determination Total Independence,we want our Sovereignty Back backed by UN,International convention of Human Rights and African charter) please Mr Sata the BNC resolutions are on your table and thats the Voice of the people of Barotseland.
No Zambian can cheat us now everything will be treated as jokes,we don't want to be controlled by another Country.We want to be FREE politically,Social and Economically.
1st December, 2013.
ATTENTION: NORTHERN RHODESIAN MAGISTRATE BERNARD MWANANDIWA WHO IS DEPLOYED AND OPERATING ILLEGALLY IN BAROTSELAND KINGDOM
You are kindly advised to immediately and unconditionally release all the Barotseland nationals, you have illegally detained pending illegal sentencing charge of sedition on allegations that they were found in possession of Barotseland flag, coat of arms, currency as well as a written structure of Royal Barotseland government among others, the same being articles and symbols of Barotseland’s statehood as stipulated by international law.
We, hereby, also wish to contend that the following Barotseland nationals; Kaiko Kaiko, Malamo Mubiana, Mubiana Muyunda and Muyendekwa Christoppher, who you have convicted on seditious charges, and still in detention awaiting for your sentencing, have committed no crime at all. Therefore, you have illegally incarcerated them, pending illegal sentencing on illegal charge of sedition coming up on the 3rd December 2013.
Be informed also that being found in possession of Barotseland Kingdom flag, coat of arms, constitution, currency, and structure of Barotseland government or any other property of Barotseland, does not constitute a crime because these are some of the statehood requirements according to international law on fulfillment of statehood conditions, which have freely been circulated to the international community and the world.
Unless you wish to expose your ignorance at law to the whole world, we do not see how you could condemn innocent souls to imprisonment over such public articles of Barotseland’s statehood.
We, the Barotseland National Youth League are disturbed by you, a Northern Rhodesian Magistrate's continued illegal activities in Royal Barotseland, an independent and separate state from Northern Rhodesia. We therefore, advise you to with immediate effect stop these illicit activities and just wait for the expatriation and repatriation exercise, which shall begin very soon under the auspices of the UNITED NATIONS, if they so wish.
If you think you will go unpunished for your illegal actions in Barotseland Kingdom, which are null and void as stipulated in the UN Security Council Resolution 276 (1970), then go ahead and pass your illegal sentence on those Barotseland Nationals who have committed NO crime at all.
You cannot not be a judge in your own cause as a complainant that is contravening NATURAL JUSTICE.
Mind you what you did to these innocent Barotzish in your personal capacity by illegally detaining them, amounts to an international crime called conspiracy to commit crimes against humanity and you shall be made to account for these illegal actions, by appearing before the international Criminal Court (ICC), at the appropriate time, and that time is very soon.
You Northern Rhodesians have committed so many international crimes and atrocities such as crimes against humanity and genocide as well as interfering or meddling in the internal affairs of Barotseland Kingdom without authority or consent from the indigenous Barotseland Nationals, but you have been using force through your military hardware. But be assured that you shall be made accountable for all these crimes you have committed, you, yourselves and not anyone else.
International law of sovereignty is defined as an essential aspect of sovereignty that all states should have supreme control over their internal affairs, subject to the recognized limitations include, in particular, the international law of human rights and forbidding the use of force.
Nonetheless, no state or international organization may intervene in matters that fall within the domestic jurisdiction of another state. The concept of state sovereignty was outlined, among other things, in a declaration on principles of international law [Resolution 2625], proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1970.
Do you see that you, magistrate Bernard Mwanandiwa, and your Northern Rhodesian government have committed grave crimes by interfering in the internal affairs of Barotseland Kingdom? For your own information Barotseland Kingdom officially qualified to be a state on 8th September 2011 after fulfilling all the statehood requirements as per international law on statehood requirements, and thus far two  recognitions have come from the international community affirming that Barotseland is now a sovereign state.
Barotseland National Youth League.
cc: Amnesty International
cc: The international Criminal Court [ICC]
cc: The international Court of Justice [ICJ]
cc: The European Union
cc: The Secretary of state for Home affairs-Royal Barotseland
cc: The Chief Justice, Northern Rhodesia
Editor's Note: This letter is here reproduced for public record only.