• 21
  • Jan

There are certain words and phrases that the Zambian government and key Zambian politicians deliberately or out of ignorance use to perpetuate the brainwashing of Zambians and Barotse nationals alike. We will try to highlight a few at a time here and explain the correct usage.

Today we will look at one phrase that has to do with the Barotseland Agreement 1964.

1. ‘Barotse’ Agreement 1964 – There is no such an agreement as ‘Barotse Agreement 1964.’ The agreement that was signed in 1964 is actually called ‘Barotseland’ Agreement 1964. The idea of using ‘Barotse’, ‘BRE’ or even ‘Barotse Land’ (note the separation of the two words ‘Barotse’ and ‘Land’) instead of the actual term ‘Barotseland’ is to kill the notion that Barotseland was and is a separate territory, and that this agreement was actually entered between two distinct but equal territorial entities.

Zambia would rather create the impression that the agreement was entered into by a ‘section’ of the one territory, the Barotse people, for them to be treated in a ‘special’ way different from all the other 70 plus ethnic groups within Zambia. That is why president Sata of Zambia was heard saying that if the ‘Barotse’ Agreement was to be honored then all the other native authorities in Zambia would also want autonomy. This impression was perpetuated at the time he was rejecting the Rodger Chongwe Commission of Inquiry recommendation for the restoration of the Barotseland Agreement of 1964. I am sure you have also heard Zambians retorting, “What is special about LOZIs anyway? Do you think you are more special than all other tribes in Zambia?” This is the idea that they aim to perpetuate in the minds of the people. They don’t explain that the LOZIs are not special. What is special is their country ‘Bulozi’, ‘Loziland’ or ‘Barotseland’. It is distinctly different from their Northern Rhodesia alias Zambia post independence.

So when one says ‘Barotse Agreement 1964’ they actually mean an agreement made by the Barotse people of Zambia with the Zambian government to be treated special. Similarly when you say Barotse Land agreement 1964 – you actually mean the agreement that was entered into regarding the land of the Barotse people of Zambia. We have also heard president Sata mention of the BRE Agreement. This is actually way off because this is grossly misleading. By this, 'BRE' Agreement, the intention is to imply the agreement had to do with the BRE (Barotse Royal Establishment) only, therefore, government of Zambia must just talk to the BRE, and whatever they agree on should be accepted by all the people of Barotseland as the only way forward! The truth is no matter what the Zambian government will agree with the BRE, the people of Barotseland have the right to either accept it or reject it.

But when you call it as it was named; The ‘Barotseland Agreement 1964’ you actually rightly refer to the agreement that was entered into between the separate territory of Barotseland with another separate territory of Northern Rhodesia at the time, constituting a country to country treaty!

The Barotseland Agreement 1964 says and please pay attention to the wording and my own emphasis is in brackets and single quotation marks:

Following talks in London between the British Government, the Government of Northern Rhodesia and The Litunga (KING) of Barotseland; an Agreement regarding the position of ‘Barotseland’ within independent Northern Rhodesia was concluded at the commonwealth Relations office on 18 th May, 1964. It is entitled, "The ‘Barotseland’ Agreement 1964". It was signed by Dr.K.D.Kaunda, Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia, by Sir Mwanawina Lewanika III,K.B.E Litunga (KING) of Barotseland and by the Right Honourable Duncan Sandys M.P Secretary of State for common wealth Relations and for the colonies signifying the approval of Her Majesty's Government. END - See more at: http://barotsepost.com/index.php/en/news/special-reports/86-the-barotseland-agreement-of-1964#sthash.UejIT7Vy.dpuf

Note here that the agreement had to do with the ‘positioning’ of ‘Barotseland’ WITHIN independent Northern Rhodesia – meaning Barotseland was not meant to be ‘destroyed’ but rather was to remain territorially intact within independent Northern Rhodesia, aka, Zambia? We will explore this thought further in some future posting to correct those who think Barotseland agreement meant Barotseland was signing her own ‘death warrant’

‘Barotseland’ and ‘Barotse land’ do not mean one and the same thing. ‘Barotseland’ literally means the ‘sovereign’ country called Barotseland, where as ‘Barotse land’ means land inhabited by the Barotse people and may not necessarily constitute a ‘sovereign’ country.

To explain this further, allow me to use a recent example. For those who follow Zambian media reports, there was an attempt recently to confuse the happenings among the Bemba people of Zambia, vis a vis the appointment of their Chitimukulu, which even resulted in the resignation of a prominent Bemba minister in charge of defense in the government of Zambia, with rumors of other Bemba tribes men and women serving in Sata’s PF government threatening to resign too. This situation was used to try to confuse what is going on there, to look like what is going on between Barotseland and Zambia.

Suddenly, we started seeing media headlines quoting prominent politicians referring to what they called ‘Bembaland’. As much as there is ‘Barotseland’, I am not aware if there has ever been ‘Bambaland’. However, as explained above, Barotse land, Tonga land, Tumbuka land , Bemba land , Chewa land, etc could and does exist.

What was strange in this particular case, was that Some prominent print media and some prominent Bemba speaking politician, who should know better,  were almost going to the extent of showing that the tension there was so bad that the Bembas were going to demand ‘independence’ of their so called ‘Bembaland’. One politician even accused that Bembas were committing ‘treason’ by defying the president of Zambia on choice of their paramount chief chitimukulu. Incidentally, suddenly the word B.R.E was also used to refer to the Bemba Royal Establishment; while of course others preferred to use BTC (Bemba Traditional Council), possibly to avoid the apparent confusion with the Barotse Royal Establishment that everyone knows has been using BRE for much longer. The debate here is not that the Bembas have no right to use these terms but to highlight the confusion some forces were trying to create. There may even have been attempts to arrest some Bemba loyalists and charge them with treason just like the people of Barotseland have been treated over the years on the matter of Barotseland.

The actual truth is that, to our knowledge only ‘Barotseland’ signed an agreement to join Zambia, although Mr. Sata claims that some other native authorities also signed some kind of ‘agreements’ (wonder why he has never ordered for these agreements to be published just like he did with the Barotseland agreement 1964?)

However, this is not to say that no other groups or sections of Zambia have any right to call for self determination. In fact international law guarantees their freedom. Nevertheless no one should want to determine themselves on the basis of the Barotseland situation. Nor should the Barotse people be denied their right to self determination on account of other people groups in Zambia. We have even heard some politicians and many Zambians proposing that since Barotseland is seeking independence, then Zambia should just be federated? The truth of the matter is the people of Barotseland may not even want to be federated under Zambia. So if Zambia seeks to be federated, they should seek to do so by the merits of that model of governance and not to try to force Barotseland to stay within Zambia.

I have often wondered why Zambians wants to or think they can ‘solve’ the aspirations of the people of Barotseland without paying attention to what the people of Barotseland really want. Some have said, what the people of Barotseland want is just development? Or let us just federate and that will solve the Barotseland question. Yet some will say Sata has promised to build a 20,000 people capacity soccer stadium and a University to be called King Lewanika, surely that should satisfy the people of Barotseland? But no one really wants to listen to what the people really want.

The people of Barotseland unanimously spoke, clearly and in no uncertain terms. The day was 27th March 2012 when the resolutions of the Barotse National Council were readout publicly, by the people’s and the Litunga’s Ngambela (Literally, one who speaks for me). At the time it was one Hon. Clement Wainyae Sinyinda, and they said and I quote;

We the people of Barotseland;

having constituted and deliberated as a National Council on 26th to 27th March, 2012 in Limulunga in the Barotseland Nation on the status and future of the Barotseland Nation in the Republic of Zambia, hereby declare this day of Tuesday March 27, 2012 at the close of our deliberations as follows:

Recognizing that the Barotseland Agreement 1964 provided the basis on which Barotseland became an integral part of Zambia and took the place of the treaties and other agreements hitherto subsisting between Her Majesty the Queen and the Litunga of Barotseland.

Acknowledging that the Barotseland Agreement 1964’s aim was to provide a safe guard against encroachment on the powers of the people of Barotseland to self government by Central Government of Zambia.

Realizing that the new state of Zambia, which came into being on October 24, 1964, never ratified the Barotseland Agreement entered into between Barotseland and Northern Rhodesia Governments on May 18,1964, and despite its non-ratification, unliterary abrogated by Zambia in 1969.

Aware that the unilateral termination of the Barotseland Agreement 1964 by the government of Zambia is a violation of the right of Barotseland to self determination and repudiation of the purported integration of the territory of Barotseland into Zambia.

Recognizing that successive Zambian governments never took steps necessary to ensure that the laws for the time being in force in the Republic of Zambia are not inconsistent with the provisions of the Agreement.

Aware that successive Zambian governments continued to undermine the modernization of Barotseland institutions and governance required to run an independent modern state as well as meddle in the national affairs of Barotseland, resulting in conflict in some sections of the Barotseland Nation.

Recalling that successive Zambian governments illegally administered and controlled Barotseland by intimidation and force since October 24, 1964, despite continued protests from the people of Barotseland against such transgressions, including futile calls to restore the Agreement.

Knowing that Barotseland’s right to autonomy on governance and political affairs is inborn and has been protected by treaties since the first encounter with foreign powers.

Rejecting the expectation or notion by the Zambian government that we surrender our autonomy as expressed in the Barotseland Agreement 1964 in return for economic development.

We now inform Zambia and the international community that we finally accept the unilateral nullification and the abrogation of the Barotseland Agreement 1964 by the Zambian government, which action has freed Barotseland from being part of Zambia.

In line with the Post liminium doctrine we can no longer be obliged to honour an international Agreement that the other party has nullified and abrogated, which has reverted us to our original status.


We the people of Barotseland declare that Barotseland is now free to pursue its own self-determination and destiny

We are committed to a peaceful disengagement with the Zambian government in the same manner that we attempted integration as a state within Zambia.

We call on the international community to support our legitimate right to self determination as a people and nation by resolving as follows:

1. That all the people in Barotseland shall continue to enjoy the centuries old harmonious peaceful co-existence by all the ethnic groups as had always been the case.

2. That the people of Barotseland shall not, in any way, take kindly to any individual, authority or groups of individuals bringing the institution of the Litungaship into public ridicule and disrepute by making derogatory remarks with intent to undermine the authority of the Litunga and Barotse Government.

3. The Zambian government to immediately refrain from committing actions of violence and intimidation against the people of Barotseland.

4. That no part of Barotseland shall be ceded to any other country.

5. The Barotse Government should immediately formalize the DECLARATION OF DISPUTE with the Zambian Government on the basis that the Zambian Government has violated and unilaterally abrogated the Unity Treaty whose purpose was to bind the two territories of Barotseland and the rest of Zambia, and also notify the SADC, AU, Commonwealth and United Nations of that fact.

6. The people of Barotseland shall exercise their right to revert Barotseland to its original status as a sovereign nation, so that the people of Barotseland shall determine their political, cultural, social and economic development.

7. The Barotse Government is mandated to, within 30 days, request the United Nations to oversee the transition process.

8. The Barotse Government should, within 30 days, put in place a transition process leading to taking over all government functions in Barotseland and the election of the KATENGO Legislative Council.

9. We mandate the Barotse Government to immediately engage the Zambian government with the sole purpose of working out transitional arrangements towards self-determination for Barotseland within the shortest possible time under the auspices of the United Nations.

10. The Barotse Government should embark on reforms to modernize its functions and enhance accountability and transparency.

11. The Barotse Government should immediately establish a Secretariat comprising of such number of Officers as required to run such an office

12. The Barotse Government should convene the next BNC at the end of June 2012 to receive reports on the progress on the above resolutions. END

So the above is what Zambia should concern herself with in order to actualize the aspirations of the people of Barotseland.

Now that you know, do not be cheated by propaganda from Zambia. The correct picture is that there was ‘Barotseland’ Agreement 1964 and not ‘Barotse’ Agreement or BRE agreement.

Barotseland – refers to country

Barotse – refers to the people of the country of Barotseland

Barotse land – refers to the land of the Barotse people (incidentally, people of the country of Barotseland)

B.R.E(Barotse Royal Establishment)  – refers to the royal establishment created by Kenneth Kaunda to serve as a link with the Royals of Barotseland and the civil authority of Zambia’s government, an institution separate from the Litungaship. The BRE is not the same as the Litungaship.

Sibeta Mundia - Editorial Team, Barotsepost

  • 28
  • Jan

There are so many things that have been misrepresented or misunderstood concerning Barotseland and one of these is in the area of chiefs.

The Post Newspaper of 14th January 2014 quotes Chief Mwene Mutondo of Kaoma complaining to Amos Malupenga, the then Zambian Permanent Secretary in ‘Western’ Province (Barotseland) that the use of Indunas on National Registration Cards (NRC) was causing confusion in Kaoma and proposed that only gazetted chiefs should appear on NRCs.

Zambia did not only abrogate the Barotseland Agreement but they tried to interfere with the structures in an attempt to reduce them to the levels obtaining in Zambia. For those that do no know Barotseland was administered in a federated way with five major regions or 'States'

On 26th August 1969 Kaunda said the following, “I know, for example that certain chiefs in the Western Province have been performing the function of chiefs without government recognition. I wish to announce that iam making investigations into the possibility of having more chiefs in the Province. I know that at present there are only six in the whole Province and i consider this unfair.”

He went on to say “ All I am saying is that when my investigation reveal quite clearly that a chief has been denied recognition such as chief Mwene Mutondo, I would be prepared to give them recognition."

From what kaunda was saying it is clear that the intention was only to bring confusion in Barotseland by dividing the people and this scheme continued to this day.

Kaunda lied that there were only six chiefs in Barotseland because there were and still are more than 100 chiefs in Barotseland and the same Kaunda did not recognize these chiefs but to his disappointment these Silalo Indunas or  chiefs as they are called in Zambia continued to carry out their functions and to-date they are responsible for certification of documents for purposes of obtaining National Registration Cards.

Personalities like His Royal Majesty the Litunga and their Royal Highness the Litunga –La –Mboela of Senanga, and the Mboanjikana of Kalabo, their Royal Highness Resident Princes Inyambo of Sesheke, Amukena of Kaoma district, Anananga of Lukulu and Lukama of Shangombo are not chiefs in the context of Zambian classification and are never reflected on the NRCs because they are not ‘chiefs’ as required under the National Registration Act (Their Zambian equivalent would be Paramount Chiefs or better still Governors) while the Litunga is King. However, Kainda wanted the Litunga reduced to paramount Chief while the rest became chiefs and sub chiefs - just like in the rest of Zambia.

Resident Princesses and Princes have normal working places, as governors, with a compliment of officers such as the Litunga supported by the Ngambela, with a host of supporting officers. The Litunga –La –Mboela is supported by Induna Sambi and support staff while Mboanjikana is supported by Induna Muleta.

Resident Prince Inyambo is supported by the Liashimba, Amukena of Kaoma is supported by Induna Imangambwa.

Resident Prince Lukama of Shangombo is supported by Induna Mutundwalo.

The structures begin with village Headmen followed by Silalos that are superintended by Silalo Indunas, these are at the level of chiefs in Zambia then you have the resident Princesses and Princes who are way above what they call chiefs in Zambia.

Before the Zambians interfered, Silalo Indunas were operating from Kutas managed by two to four support staff such as  clerk of court , a messenger and a helper.

As at present Barotseland has about 127 Silalo Indunas (Chiefs) yet they have never been on a salary as compared to other chiefs in Zambia. This was Zambia's attempt to reduce our Resident Princesses and Princess to the level of Zambian chiefs but this has failed lamentably.

Zambian propaganda must be corrected by truth, and this thread will be continued further in the near future

  • 18
  • Jun

Professor Imenda Sitwala

Zambian Watchdog’s reported HH’s “triumphant entry” in Mungu (misspelt as Mongu) on June 15, 2014 made very sad reading indeed.  In the words of the Watchdog, “UPND president Hakainde Hichilema yesterday arrived in Mongu to a thunderous welcome and promised to find a lasting solution to the Barotseland question when UPND forms government in 2016.”  However, a look at the Watchdog’s picture of the road on which HH made his triumphant entry, revealed a dangerously dilapidated road infrastructure – my heart sunk to its lowest ebb.

What Zambian politicians do not seem to get is that Barotseland is no longer part of Zambia – nor is she interested in Zambian politics, let alone political campaigns.  It is common cause that Barotseland, through the Barotse National Council (BNC), has already found “a lasting solution to the Barotseland question” when it put Barotseland on a trajectory towards complete independence as a Sovereign State.  There is no other “lasting solution” that is needed.  What is left is only to work out the transition towards the realisation of these ends – including civilised discussions about sharing of assets.  As the Draft “Barotseland Economic Policy Framework and Strategy (2015-2018)” states in its Introduction:

“Barotseland is an old nation under occupation by a new state called Zambia (former Northern Rhodesia) and currently seeking recognition and support from the international community as Africa’s newest 55th state. On March 27, 2012, Barotseland declared its independence from Zambia, following its acceptance of Zambia’s unilateral abrogation of the Barotseland Agreement of 1964(BA’64) in 1969 …”

As such, any political party that seeks to advance the aspirations of the people of Barotseland must align itself with the already espoused “lasting solution” by working with the progressive forces that are seeking the complete disengagement of Barotseland from Zambia’s york of slavery, subjugation and repression.  This must start with the withdrawal of Zambian security forces from Barotseland in order to enable normal life to take place – including open political activity.

Zambia has so far failed to present its reasons for militarily occupying Barotseland at the African Commission for Human and Peoples Rights, and has equally failed to appear before the Permanent Court of Arbitration to argue its case as to why it continues to rule Barotseland by force.  On both moral and legal grounds, therefore, Zambia has no right to continue frustrating the aspirations of the people of Barotseland by preventing them from actualizing their sovereignty.  In the same vein, and on the principle of “Common Purpose”, Zambian political parties will be equally guilty of frustrating the disengagement of Barotseland from Zambia if they continue to engage in rhetoric that goes against the resolutions of the BNC – chief of which was Barotseland’s total disengagement from Zambia, as “the lasting solution to Barotseland’s question”

So, the point is not that PF is a bad government and therefore another Zambian political party must come to Barotseland to sort things out, NO!  The point is that whether PF, MMD, UPND, UNIP, or any other Zambian political party, none is welcome in Barotseland.  Barotseland must be left alone to chart its own course towards complete political independence.  In other words, why should an Angolan political party, or a Chinese one for that matter, go to Bulgaria to campaign for 2016 elections? When a Chinese political party wants to campaign to form the next government, it must campaign in China, etc.  More specifically, we understand UPND to be campaigning to form the next Zambian government, so why are they campaigning in Barotseland?

Barotse nationals also need to make the mindset shift away from thinking that Barotseland’s political solutions will come from Zambia.  The BNC has already spoken – and that is the bottom-line.  Barotse nationals must stop engaging in political sloganeering, and embrace their new reality – i.e. that they no longer constitute part of the Zambian political landscape; that politically, they are still hanging in the air because Zambia Police, Zambia Army and other Zambian security forces are waiting to hack them to death should they engage in meaningful (i.e. Barotse-based) political activities; that, therefore, at the moment they should just work with the civil society organizations (such as the Barotse National Freedom Alliance) that are pushing for Barotseland’s total emancipation; that, presently, there is no relevant political party in Barotseland to which they can belong; that, in fact, they presently cannot exercise their political rights while looking directly into the barrel of Zambia Army machine guns – smoking tear gas and gun powder.  I know that mindset changes can most-times be stubborn, but it is the only way that progress takes place.  There is no progress that can be made in doing the same things, year in and year after.  You have to think out of the box – which involves a mindset shift.

On the social aspects of HH’s visit to Mungu, it is not surprising that there were people who went to welcome him on his arrival in the town.  This could be attributed to three main factors:

(a) HH is not a stranger in Barotseland,

(b) Mungu lacks entertainment, and

(c) some Mungu residents still want to eat their cake (or mango) and still have it.  They still need to understand what is really happening around them.  

On a positive and progressive note, it was reassuring to learn that the BRE has started speaking the same language as the people.  I hope that they now realize the immense power and authority they actually have – much of which they have so far been reluctant to exercise. They should continue to fight with, and for, their people; this will greatly quicken the attainment of our freedom.

  • 24
  • Feb

It is disheartening and disturbing to learn that even at this point in the liberation of Barotseland, the Zambian Police thinks they can commit such atrocities and go free, well they are mistaken and we urge them to think again. You mess with one of us, you mess with us all. These continued violations of fundamental Human Rights of the people of Barotseland and our heroes must stop. We the Barotseland National Youth League (BNYL) have received and confirmed a report that after the arrest of our Three Executive members, one of them, Hon. Nayoto Mwenda was tortured by Four Zambian police Officers. This courageous and noble man has since been complaining of CHEST PAINS resulting from the torture, but he never been taken to the hospital for treatment.

We the Barotseland National Youth League do know you the Zambian police officers who tortured Hon. Nayoto and we certainly promise you that we will deal with you accordingly. And to all Barozish here are the names of the police officers who tortured our hero.

1.    NgulubeMwemba
2.    Siampule
3.    Mambilima
4.    Mulenga

These ignorant, criminals and dull Zambian police officers need to be taught a lesson they will never forget in there miserable lives, God forgive us, but it will happen. Interfering in the affairs of another country is not just acceptable but constitutes a crime that is punishable. Why would a foreign police force get involved in affairs of another state? We Barotzish will not just sit idle and watch while you continue harming us, we too will reiterate in any way we possibly can. Therefore, you four dull police officers watch your backs.

Zambian police, laws, courts, politicians and or anyone else has no authority over Barotseland and her affairs and this is a fact. We would like to remind you the Zambian security that the letter in question was not addressed to a Zambian citizen but to a Barotzish. Hence a case if any should be solved by and under the laws of Barotseland. Just a reminder to the Zambian politicians and security men is that Barotseland attained her statehood on the 8th of September 2011. Ever since then, all your criminal activities you have committed against people of Barotseland have been documented and will be used as evidence against you (Zambians) to the ICC.

We would like to remind all Barotzish, home and abroad that you should all renounce being Zambians instead be proud to be Barotzish. Ask your selves about your fore fathers. We would like also to appeal to the international community to intervene quickly or else.

In conclusion, if the Zambian police and security do still think that Barotseland is part of Zambia, then they will learn the hard way. Barotseland is an independent and sovereign state that has authority to preside over her affairs. Mwanayalilelatohoyaliṅwalala, mu mufeyona. One word is enough for a wise person.


  • 13
  • Sep

Anxiety continues to hover over Barotseland like a dark cloud threatening an unpleasant and untimely storm due to Police State sponsored Terrorism. This state of affairs has accelerated in intensity and velocity since the declaration of Afumba Mombotwa as Administrator General of Barotseland before an unnamed Chief Justice.

Almost all the regions of Barotseland have been affected and Kaoma has not been spared. Police started with the surrounding of the house of Kaoma Secondary School Head Teacher, a Mr. Mukenge, whom they arrested and drove to Mongu like a common criminal but later released without charge. In their continued ‘wild goose hunt’, Police searched the house of a Mr. Lubasi Mukamba,  prominent personality and businessman in his absence, a search which yielded nothing. Mr Mukamba had in the past been searched and arrested alongside Mr. Nyambe Namushi and Mr. Mwenda. The duo (Mr Mukamba and Mr Namushi) then was being accused of recruiting ex-servicemen into the imaginary Barotseland Defence Forces. Suffice it to say the arrests yielded nothing apart from a lawsuit by the duo where the state has been brought to court for unlawful arrest or whatever.

For a number of days some prominent persons have been receiving anonymous calls suggesting that the police were closing in on them and suggesting that they take cover if need be to avoid possible arrest. Mungandi wa Mungandi (Secretary General of MOREBA) and Nyambe Namushi (Chairperson - Barotse Freedom Movement) were among those who have been receiving such calls and some of their relatives were being treated to the same amount of terrorism through anonymous calls on their behalf.

This culminated in a police call out brought by a Police officer to Mungandi wa Mungandi on Friday 7th September2013. On the afternoon of that day Mutompehi Mungandi reported himself to the Police Officer in Charge. The Officer in Charge immediately summoned other officers who included CID officers and Intelligence Officers making a combined team of about seven (7) officers in all.

Mungandi wa Mungandi was told that he was summoned by police to answer some questions since police had information that he had stacks of seditious materials at his home to which he laughed and answered calmly that he doesn’t even know how seditious materials look like. He was then shown some documents which Police claimed were from his home. The three documents were; The Barotseland Agreement 1964 in Silozi, A research paper written by the late Professor Eric M. Kashimani in his undergraduate years at UNZA on Barotseland and an article from ZWD claiming that the Litunga wants to dethrone Mulena Inyambo and Amukena II. He acknowledged that indeed the documents were his or at least similar to documents he actually has but he never knew that any of the documents were seditious and wondered how documents that were securely kept in his bedroom were in the hands of police officers. When asked if he had any more such documents he answered that as a researcher and writer himself he collects a lot of information and documents for future use but he does not understand what the officer meant by ‘any such’ because as far as he was concerned the documents in question were just ordinary documents that are very much in the public domain. The officer clarified and said he meant anything to do with, or written about Barotseland to which Mungandi wa Mungandi retorted and demanded to know if anything to do or written on Barotseland should be classified as seditious. When asked if he could give the officers permission to go and look at some of the documents that he has at his home, he answered that he sees no reason why he should give such permission and after all it appeared to him that police already has a way of getting into peoples’ homes without their knowledge, let alone their permission and get whatever they wished to take.  One of the officers asked if that was an accusation to the police of having broken into the house of Mungandi wa Mungandi. He responded with a question to the same officer as to what he himself would think if something he was sure was securely kept in his bedroom was found in someone else’s hands which question went unanswered. At that juncture, the Officer in Charge asked his colleagues if they had any more questions for Mr. Mungandi to which they responded in the negative but rather requested that he be asked to wait outside as they consult each other on what to do next.

The police officer who is a key source of this story (but has requested to be kept confidential for obvious reasons) claims that the team of officers were split with some especially those from the OP demanding that Mr. Mungandi’s house be searched while the others maintained that from the question it seemed clear that Mr Mungandi wa Mungandi was innocent and conducting a search at his home would just end up in embarrassment to the security forces as it would yield nothing positive on their side. Most of the officers expressed surprise at the ease with which Mr Mungandi answered the questions and the confidence and lack of any trace of fear in his countenance during the interrogation.

After the closed door consultation which lasted for about fifteen minutes, Mr Mungandi wa Mungandi was invited back and thanked for his cooperation during the questioning and asked to simply sign a statement which would indicated that he actually underwent Police questioning. He expressed reluctance to do so but the Officer in Charge convinced him that it was nothing sinister but just to put on record the fact that indeed he underwent Police questioning.

Before signing the brief statement Mungandi wa Mungandi challenged the Police officers that they are the ones that are causing confusion in Barotseland by not being very straight forward with the Law and doing such things like calling every simple document that has something to do with Barotseland as seditious and thus causing panic among the citizenry for no apparent reason. He insisted that there is no way the Barotseland Agreement 1964 could be classified as seditious since the current President himself is responsible for the wide speculation that it enjoys since he called it an honest document which only dishonest people have problem with and actually ordered its publication in all of Zambia’s prominent Newspapers. Neither could a research paper be classified as seditious just because the researcher was researching on Barotseland. A newspaper printout could also not be referred to as seditious because whatever is published by media houses is published for public consumption and if the Government has a problem with any such publication they should come up with a Law in form of a statutory instrument to declare such material seditious.

After he signed the one paragraph statement, Mungandi wa Mungandi was called by the Officer in Charge back into the officer where they locked only the two of themselves up for about five minutes. It is not very clear what they discussed but this reporter’s source suspects that the Officer in Charge might have revealed how Police got possession of the documents from Mr Mungandi wa Mungandi’s  home and probably apologised to him for any inconvenience caused. When this reporter interviewed Mutompehi Mungandi wa Mungandi on phone, he was reluctant to delve into the details of his closed door discussion with the police Officer in Charge, claiming that whatever was discussed with him behind closed door was in confidence and based on trust and he did not see any reason why he should betray that trust. As far as he was concerned what was important was that for now he was still a free man though he does not know for how long he will remain free because it appears to him that he has been on the police hit list for several months now in fact since the epic BNC of March 2012 in which he participated alongside the rest who were there.

It remains a mystery why successive Zambian Governments cannot see that the issue of Barotseland is a matter of reality and no amount of state terrorism will make it die a natural death. The current Government should be bold enough to hold the bull by its horns and face the challenge to resolve this half century long conflict. They are just no two ways about it.

Story by: Bisesa Mungalu, a Freelance Journalist

  • 18
  • May

On Friday, 16th of May 2014 at around 14:30hrs, Zambian police in Sinanga region arrested a youth by the name of Matomola Mushokabanji over a T-shirt written, “Barotseland Ki Naha” – translated Barotseland is a nation. The young man, a member of Barotseland National Youth League, BNYL, in Sinanga was picked from his place of business by two police officers of Barotse descent. He was, however, later released after 30 to 40 minutes of interrogation.

It has been reported that after he was apprehended, he was taken to the police station where they took pictures of him in the T-shirt. They also probed to know the source of the T-shirts. Matomola told them that the T-shirts came from Mungu with some people who were selling them. Inspector Mufalo held on to the T-shirt, and drove Matomola to his (Matomola's) home for him to pick another T-shirt to 'cover himself'. Barotseland inscribed T-shirts or Regalia has become a common place in many parts of Barotseland as liberation movements such as the Linyungandambo and the BNYL go on sensitizing their grassroots, and also more recently as they attend court sessions in support of those arrested by Zambia over Barotseland independence.

An eye witness named the two police officers who picked Matomola as Inspector Mufalo and Constable Njamba, both of Barotse descent. The witness who expressed shock at the conduct of these police officers wondered why a Lozi would do such a thing to his fellow Lozi in this matter at this stage.

“I wonder why someone would betray his own brother over issues surrounding the independence of Barotseland today. Any person with sanity cannot do such a thing. It is shameful and annoying at the same time.” Lamented the witness.

It is further reported that these police officers were tipped off by a Mr. Mutelo who calls himself as Zambia’s ruling Patriotic Front (PF) Youth Chairman for Sinanga. This young man has allegedly been threatening all those who are in support of Barotseland independence to have them arrested. He was later heard by some people bragging that as he had promised earlier the arrests had now started and that he would ensure that they continued.

Meanwhile, the Barotseland National Youth League national office in the Barotseland capital, Mungu, confirmed the arresting incidence. The spokesperson said, however, that only a foolish and insane police officer would do such a thing.

The fact that those involved are from Barotseland, he said, proved his point, and that the BNYL was very much aware of particularly Inspector Mufalo’s actions since 2011.

Inspector Mufalo was named among the police officers who were sent by Rupia Banda, former Zambia republican president, on the 14th of January 2011 to shoot and kill peaceful Barotse activists in Mungu, who they accused of rioting even when they did not.

The same Inspector Mufalo is alleged to have tortured a youth by the name of Sheba Sheba in Sinanga to the point of death following the swearing in of the Barotseland Administrator General, Afumba Mombotwa, last year in August. The victim is said to have sustained physical injuries still visible to this day. In torturing the young man, Mufalo is said to have been with Mundia, an OP operative who was promoted soon after and transferred to the capital Mungu.

“We wish to warn that police officers such as Mufalo, Njamba and many others are already in Barotseland’s black book. We know them, and as soon as they see the flag of Barotseland high up in the sky, they should find someplace else to live not Barotseland because their atrocities will catch up with them.” The official warned.

The official further wished, on behalf of BNYL,  to give Mufalo 24 hours in which to return the T-shirt to the owner because he had no authority what so ever to keep Matomola's private belonging against his will, failure to which would result in consequences he did not specify.

“One word is enough for the wise. One day is his window of redemption, and all those who continue to use Zambian jungle laws to torment our people here in Barotseland, as we have now come to know that their jurisdiction ended in 1969 when they abrogated the Barotseland Agreement of 1964, should consider themselves equally warned. If they still think that they have lawful jurisdiction here let them go and ask Zambian Attorney General or their President Sata for clarification”

The official concluded by advising that those who have such T-shirts should proudly and freely continue to wear them, as no one would arrest them. Barotseland, he said is the land of their fore fathers, their own mother land which they could no longer leave in the hands of intruding, foreign Zambians.

Report by Kalaluka M.

  • 30
  • Oct

Alliance for Democracy and Development, ADD, Luena Member of Parliament Mulumemui Imenda has wondered if it is treason for the people of Barotseland to revert to their pre-agreement status.

Contributing to debate on the budget address speech on Tuesday29th October, Imenda pointed out that the law of contracts and treaties allows reverting to the status quo as one of the remedies.

'Is it treason to ask for enforcement of a contract? It is provided in the law of contracts and treaties to revert to the status quo. It is one of the remedies. Is it criminal?' Imenda wondered.

She further wondered when marching became a criminal offence, and stressed that people are languishing at Mwembeshi Prison for merely marching on the streets.

This was in reference to the 84 Barotse nationals who were arrested by the Zambian government when they marched on the streets to celebrate the inauguration of Afumba Mombotwa as the Administrator General of the Barotseland transitional government in August this year.

She noted that when there was word of a military coup in Zambia in the 1980’s, people celebrated on the streets but no one was ever arrested for doing that.

“When General Tembo  (Christon) did something Zambian people marched on the streets , Were they thrown in prison? But in Western Province (Barotseland) people are arrested just because you say they are Linyungandambo,” Imenda observed.

She wondered why President Sata is not being arrested since he had declared himself Linyungandambo number one.

“Our President said he was Linyungandambo number one, have you arrested him,” Imenda asked as fellow opposition members of parliament were heard praising her in the background.

Meanwhile, Imenda has observed that there was a lot of tribalism in the recruitment of defense Forces adding that there was a secret veil surrounding the exercise.

‘We are told that you are recruiting in each province but you go to Mongu and only recruit  Mulenga  and Chilufya
 leaving out the local people,’ Imenda observed as some Bemba members of parliament made attempts to curtail her debate but Speaker of the House Patrick Matibini protected her.

Recently Defense Minister Geofrey Mwamba disclosed that a total of 3600 youths were recruited in the defense forces during the last recruitment.

There was speculation that more Bembas were recruited in an attempt to balance up the numbers because government was concerned with the number of Lozis in the defense wings.  

  • 18
  • Jun

File: Hakainde Hichilema at the 2009 Kuomboka Ceremony, Barotseland

In his continued tour of Barotseland, and in view of a pending by - election for the Mangango parliamentary seat of Kaoma, Zambian opposition United Party for National Development leader Hakainde Hichilema is today reported to have been ‘thunderously’ received by the people of Kaoma, with teachers and students alike, at some named school, mobbing him in excitement.

Hakainde whose visit has sparked off debate, both in Barotseland and Zambia, was a couple of days ago in Mungu, the capital of Barotseland, where Zambian police forces stationed in Mungu attempted to prevent him from visiting His Royal Majesty The Litunga, King of Barotseland, save for quick intervention of the Barotse Royal Establishment, who ordered that Mr. Hakainde be allowed to carry out his activities in the region as he was the guest of His Majesty the King.

This was when Mr. Hakainde was headed to pay homage to the King’s Palace of Limulunga, and also to console the Litunga after the loss of His Queen Mwambo who passed on not so long ago. Over 300 armed Zambian police were reported to have blocked the Limulunga road to prevent his visit to the palace at which point the Litungaship through the royal establishment demanded that he be unhindered.

The question that sparks debate is; will the Zambian opposition leader’s continued visit of Barotseland enhance his political fortunes for the Zambian presidency or is it a sheer waste of his time and resources in view of the developing course of events in Barotseland, that has already initiated peaceful dis-engagement process to Self Governance as an Independent state separate from Zambia?

Background: On Tuesday 27th March 2012, The Barotse National Council, BNC, (the highest and most representative decision making body in Barotse governance system) unanimously resolved to accept the unilateral nullification of the Barotseland Agreement of 1964 by Zambia, and also resolved that Barotseland immediately initiate all formal and necessary procedures and acts for the re-establishment of Barotseland Sovereignty and Independence, a de facto break away from its current underlying status within the Republic of Zambia.

On August 15th 2013, a transitional Barotseland government headed by Afumba Mombotwa was constituted, and is currently mobilizing resources for complete take over of governance as well seeking international recognition. So far three (3) international institutions; Union of Free States (UNFS), Federation of Free States of Africa (FFSA) and Unrepresented Nations and Peoples’ Organization (UNPO) have recognized Barotseland's sovereignty as well as recognized the transitional government, while local Barotseland organizations such as the Barotse National Freedom Alliance as well as individual Barotseland citizens have intensified their campaigns for the international recognition of Barotseland's state sovereignty legally and politically.

Please, have your say?

  • 13
  • Jan

The Lusaka Agreement Task Force in Kenya with the help of the Ethiopia Wildlife Conservation Authority have informed ZAWA (Zambia Wildlife Authority) that Esther Namakuba Muyangana, who was arrested for possessing ivory bangles has been released.

Upon arrest, she was held at the Federal Police Commission Crime Investigation Center and appeared in the Arada Division Court in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

All the three bracelets were on her wrist such that it was a challenge for the police to remove them. They had to take her to a Jewellery shop to have them removed by cutting the ivory bracelets.

The case was heard in court on January, 3 2014 where she was fined. She was released after paying a fine of 5000 Ethiopian birr (USD 263). The authorities in Ethiopia have confirmed that she traveled to Zambia after being released.

ZAWA is saddened by the experience and re-emphasizing the need for Zambians to take possession of ivory matters seriously to avoid such experiences.

Countries have become strict in enforcing the law against Ivory trade because of the rise in Elephant and Rhino poaching across the continent - Mwebantu.com

  • 11
  • Dec

Edgar Lungu - Minister Home Affairs, Zambia

Lusaka - The Zambian government has denied having arrested any person in Kalabo this year in connection with the defunct Barotseland Agreement of 1964 (BA 64).

Responding to a question on Tuesday 10th December 2013 by Sikongo Member of Parliament Mundia Ndalamei, who wanted to know how many people were arrested in Kalabo in connection with the defunct BA 64 as of 30th September 2013, and when the Zambian government will resolve the Barotse impasse, a Zambian Deputy Minister said that the BA 64 was not the root cause of what was happening in Western Province (Barotseland), and claimed that the problem was the general underdevelopment in the area which was being resolved by the Zambian government through creation of more districts.

Hon.Mundia Ndalamei was not satisfied with the response and, therefore, questioned the Minister as to why the Zambian government was arresting people in Barotseland, to which the Minister responded with a straight lie, saying that they never arrested any person in connection with issues arising from the defunct BA 64, and stressed that the government only arrested people over 'treason' charges.

“I am not aware! The people arrested were talking about succession, this is one Zambia and those people were arrested on conduct bordering on treason,” he said.

At this point Monze Central MP Jack Mwiimbu raised a point of order to the Deputy Minister for misleading the house on a clear matter, to which the Speaker told the minister to take note of the point of order as he responds.

But the minister responded to the Speaker that he was not aware of these arrests.

Kalabo Central MP Chinga Miyutu, then charged that the Minister was failing to tell the truth, and wondered whether the Minister was not aware that people had been arrested in Kalabo because they want to reclaim their land which is Barotseland.

The Minister then said there were different arms of government, and what the police did was to arrest people based on 'conduct', and the other matters were up to the courts to interpret.

Mwandi MP Michael Kaingu then jumped on the bandwagon, and pointed out that the 'one Zambia one nation' that the Minister was referring to came as a result of a Zambia born through the BA 64.

Lukulu East MP Christopher Kalila asked when government will release the Roger Chongwe Commission of inquiry report to the public.

Zambian Home Affairs Minister, and acting leader of government business in the house, Edgar Lungu responded that what he knows was that the Roger Chongwe Commission was on the Mongu riots and it never dealt with the contents of the BA 64.

Lungu went further to give a conflicting answer that the issue in Western Province (Barotseland) was about poverty, and the Zambian government was working hard to lift the poverty levels in the area, adding that the Roger Chongwe Commission was on the Mongu riots that bordered on succession.

Kalomo MP Request Muntanga asked why the government had failed to enforce the BA 64 in its totality since the PF were talking about decentralization of power for people to govern themselves.

Lungu then responded that the BA 64 was about recognizing chiefs, and taking power to the people for them to govern themselves, and stressed that there was no contradiction with the PF policy of decentralization and BA 64, adding that he was happy that Zambia was moving forward as one Zambia and one nation.

Editors' Note: Listening to this parliamentary debate and answers provided by the government officials, it is very clear that the Zambian government and its media, including some private ones, want to deliberately mislead Zambians on the situation prevailing in Barotseland by blacking out information, and churning out propaganda instead.

Over 30 of the 84 people officially arrested and detained without trial for between two - three months in Mongu and later Mwembeshi's muximum prison over some trump up treason charge, came from the region of Kalabo. These were among the ones released on Nolle Prosecui on the 1st of November 2013.

  • 08
  • Aug

‘The situation is not good there because we are losing men every week and we don’t know the causes, it’s better our superiors tell the President to pull us out of that place,’ - Zambian soldier returned from Barotseland.

Some Zambian soldiers deployed in Barotseland have expressed concern at their continued heavy deployment to the region.

One of the soldiers who recently returned to Lusaka from Barotseland complained that they are doing nothing in Barotseland and wished their superiors could tell the Commander-in Chief, President Sata to withdraw them from there.

The soldier also revealed that the situation was not good because soldiers were dying on a weekly basis in their forest camps.

‘The situation is not good there because we are losing men every week and we don’t know the causes, its better our superiors tell the President to pull us out of that place,’ said the Zambian soldier.

But Zambian Defense Minister Edgar Lungu who rushed to the region for the second time within a space of two weeks, in what seemed to be a mission to try to re-assure the troops of their Zambian government support after what some observers believe is rising discontent within the rank and file, warned the Zambian soldiers to be loyal to their Commander-in- Chief, President Sata and called for discipline.

Lungu was at Sitoti Military Camp in Sioma on Thursday 7th August where a huge number of troops are stationed on the pretext that they are guarding the Zambia/Angola border. Sometime last year the Zambian government media had carried a story were they accused the Angolan army of training local people in Shangombo to protect Angolan wildlife.

And the Army Secretary at the Camp, William Sikazwe told Lungu that there was need to recruit more soldiers as their numbers have reduced due to ‘death’ and ‘retirement’.

From Sioma, Lungu proceeded to Kalabo where he addressed hundreds of Zambian soldiers at one of the military camps they have established there. Video footage shown on ZNBC TV showed hundreds of soldiers marching on a parade before Lungu addressed them.

Zambia has quietly assigned thousands of soldiers to Barotseland where they are deployed in almost all the districts and they are spending colossal amounts of money on the operation which is believed to be the largest military operation in  Zambian history, yet the Zambian people are not aware of what is going on or indeed at what cost the operation is being undertaken.

  • 29
  • Jan

Fellow countrymen and women, it is with great honor that God in heaven has always provided his protection to our nation, and we are aware that there are people and groups outside Barotseland, such as The Global Prayer for Barotseland Networking Group, and many other powerful men of God,who are having intercessory prayers on facebook, in churches and at homes, specifically for Barotseland, domiciled in countries such as Canada, USA, Britain, German and many others so that we attain our much needed independence bloodlessly.

We wish to thank you all for the good job you are doing, and may the Almighty in heaven richly bless you in Jesus Name. We still encourage many people in Barotseland to emulate these people; let’s also do some fasting and praying without ceasing, because we have very little time remaining for the National Flag to be hoisted. Let’s not allow the devil to come in between us.

Though the war is not yet over, we have received disturbing reports that some of the Barotzish citizens are being used by the demonic Zambian Government to fight against the common goal of the Barotseland nation. We wish to remind those that are in the habit of betraying the aspirations of our nation, that we have the record of their activities against the common goal of Barotseland. Therefore, time will surely come for them to account for their misdeeds.

These Zambian Intelligence services criminals and police will be going out of Barotseland soon, but you sons of the soil will remain. Do you think that other people will have mercy on you if you betrayed them? Zambians are foreigners; do not get bribes from them to betray your own nation.

Lubinda Kunangela
National Information and Investment Analyst
Royal Barotseland Government

The Barotseland Post, also known as The Barotsepost, is an online media platform, for now, that is dedicated to reporting stories and news around Barotseland and beyond, giving exclusive coverage and access to the people and the nation of Barotseland to fully express themselves in their aspirations for self- determination.