BAROTSE CHANGE: Lessons from the American Revolutionary War of 1777 - 1783

01 April 2017
Author  Lindunda Wamunyima, Barotseland Post


This article is a revelation of some fast facts and information about one of the best practice and successful revolutionary story in the world; the Revolutionary War of United States of America (U.S.A.) which begun on 19th April, 1775 with the Battle of Lexington, taking a period of eight years thus ending on 3rd September, 1783.

The declaration came one year and twenty one days after the first strikes of the American Revolution were fired at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts; marking a socio-political expansion of the conflict that would eventually encourage France’s intervention (International Community) on behalf of the Patriots.


The Declaration of Independence was largely the work of Virginian Thomas Jefferson (a type of King Lewanika the Great legacy in Barotseland) who in justifying the American independence, drew generously from the political philosophy of John Locke, AN ADVOCATE OF NATURAL RIGHTS, and from the work of other English theorists. Thus the first section of their Declaration of Independence features the famous lines, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” The second part presents a long list of grievances that provided the rationale for “rebellion” just like Barotseland’s case in Zambia’s abrogation of BA’64 and yet continues to approbate and reprobate against the same!

Initially, both the Americans and the British saw the conflict as a kind of civil war within the British Empire (in our context Zambia):

To King George III (in our case Zambian Presidents) it was a colonial rebellion, and to the Americans (and for Barotzish) it was a struggle for their rights (Self- Determination) as British citizens (and us as ‘Zambians’ in the failed unitary Zambia).

However, the colonial Parliament remained unwilling to negotiate with the American ‘rebels’ and instead purchased German mercenaries to help the British army crush the rebellion, just like Zambia has been fighting Barotseland using all available modes to thwart our complete Independence resolve. In response to Britain’s continued opposition to reform, the Continental Congress began to pass measures abolishing British authority in the colonies just like RBG is now working hard to completely abolish Zambian colonial rule over Barotseland.


1. The Revolutionary War had precursors as Events (political, economic injustices, etc.) that led to the Revolutionary War. Similarly, Barotseland Revolutionary War has the abrogation and repudiation of the Barotseland Agreement (BA’64) as the main rationale for Barotse Change against the substitute Protectorate Master - Zambia. Political, economic injustices, etc follow as a consequence.

2. As a British colony, America had George Washington as the Commander-in-Chief of the army who played a critical role in most of the battles of the Revolutionary War. Barotseland too has the RBG top functionaries in command.

3. The AMERICANS HAD NO STANDING ARMY AT THE OUTBREAK OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR ONLY REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS who came from the 13 colonies (States) who had relied upon the local militia, made up of part time citizen-soldiers, for local defense. This is what is needed in Barotseland too; men and women who are nationalists and patriots to answer the call of duty. IN FACT WITH OR WITHOUT THE ABROGATED BA’64 BAROTSELAND IS STILL ENTITLED TO A REGULAR STANDING DEFENSE FORCE (POLICE & SOLDIERS). At Zambia’s formation Barotseland already had uniformed service men and women.

4. As there was no established American army there were very few uniforms available for the American Revolutionary Soldiers, many of whom wore civilian clothes or hunting jackets. Every Barotzish should be thus inspirited by the spirit of bana ba “Poho yensu!” when it is wounded or charging.

5. The Continental Congress established (on paper) a regular army on June 14, 1775. The greatest leaders and commanders of the Revolutionary War included Nathanael Greene, John Stark, Benedict Arnold, Daniel Morgan and Anthony Wayne. Who said that the 2012 BNC Resolutions and UDI Mandate did not include action to this effect? We have men and women in Barotseland who should stand ready and be counted in history one day as greatest leaders and commanders of the Barotseland Revolutionary War against this Black-on-Black colonialism.

6. The American Revolutionary War was fought against Great Britain from 1775 to 1783 during the Colonial Era with creation of the Olive Branch Petition of July 5, 1775 aimed at reconciliation with Great Britain but failed. Back home in Barotseland our revolutionary war has had two intermittent periods so far; first one from 1969 to 2012 and the current one from 2012 to conclusion of our Transition Period at the ultimate attainment of our Complete Independence from the aversive and prodigal surrogate ‘Protector’ Zambia.

7. The colonizer British Army was supported by German mercenaries, nicknamed Hessians. Over 30,000 Hessian soldiers were hired to fight against the American rebels during the Revolutionary War - equivalent to one quarter of the British force. The Zambian governments on the other hand have been hiring Barotse Change mercenaries through bribes, inducements, false promotions and other forms of corruption, exploitation, fraud or depravity on our own people to fight or betray our Barotse Change since 1964 era! Back on the local scene, there has been a lot of name-calling and nicknaming amongst ourselves!

8. The British Army had many advantages over the American Army, for instance:

a) The British Army had a well-established, experienced, standing army - the American Army did not, on the other hand. So it is with Zambia versus Barotseland.

b) The British Army had a well-established navy - the American Army did not. So it is with Barotseland, despite living in a land of plentiful waters unlike in Northern Rhodesian Zambia.

c) The British Army had ample quantities of powder, guns, and clothing while the American Army did not. This is very true for Barotseland also in that we are starting from the beginning.

d) The British Army was well disciplined and trained - the American Army was not. Fortunately, Barotzis are more disciplined than the Northern Rhodesians; otherwise the struggle would have turned out violent a long time ago against the littered soldiers mwa Bulozi.

9. The battle tactics used by the Americans were generally defensive and reactive while British were mostly proactive against the so called American rebels. We have the land to defend from Manyai, hence our defensive stance.

10. A total of 25,000 Americans died during the Revolutionary war. 8000 died in battle and 17,000 died of sickness, went missing in action and other causes. Unfortunately too many lives have been lost ever since in Barotseland due to Barotse Change. The quantified numbers of Barotseland Revolutionary War victims published so far to the international community are just estimates, for they do not include the Litungas and other Barotse dignitaries killed over the same. Fear of similar deaths is one reason advanced by some of our current elders; in cowardice.

11. About 40% - 45% of Americans supported the Revolutionary War. Given the reign of confusion in Barotseland and BRE it is evident that Barotseland does not have a 100% allegiance from its citizenry, hence, justification of calls for unity in Barotse nation.

12. 15% - 20% of Americans were loyalists - Colonists who supported the British in opposing the Revolution are referred to as "Loyalists" or "Tories". It is not surprising that Barotseland also has cliques of betrayers, ‘Judas Iscariots’, etc. who are dissident or defiant to Barotse Change and the 2012 BNC Resolutions and UDI Mandate.

13. The remaining Americans were neutral during the Revolutionary War. Barotseland equally has a remnant of the population who are either neutral or indifferent to Barotse Change, during our time of revolution toward a Completely Independent New Barotseland.

14. There were 2.5 million colonists during the American Revolutionary War period. Equally, Barotseland is not an empty country but has a domiciled population that should take an active role in the unfolding politics of their motherland Revolutionary War of Barotse Change.

15. The American soldiers used a wide range of different weapons including muskets, pistols, rifles, long rifles, knives, bayonets, tomahawks, axes, swords, sabres, pole arms and cannon. We are at liberty to use all Barotzish available tools mwa Bulozi if our patience with Zambia gets stretched beyond limits. Available International Aid thus cannot be a pretext and over-relied on at the expense of indigenous weapons.

16. The African Americans served on both sides during the Revolutionary war. Barotseland has some of her people serving on both sides of the Revolutionary War either as civil servants, cross marriages, members of Zambian parliament domiciled in Barotseland and other portfolios.

17. History has it that the American Continental Army then adopted the black cockade attire which changed to the black and white "Union Cockade" to denote the French-American alliance. For Barotseland of course our Revolutionary War has had different shades and alliances and agreements whether in form of BNFA, FFSA, UNPO, UNFS and others.

18. On 15th November, 1777 Articles of Confederation - Congress was made sole authority of the new national government. In New Barotseland, by action of the 2012 BNC, the sole authority of national government in our motherland is vested in RBG as a Constitutional Monarch.

19. In conclusion of the American Revolutionary War John Adams was appointed to negotiate peace with England on September 27, 1779. Evidently, we look forward to the day of negotiated peace settlement or disengagement between Zambia and Barotseland, to mark the final end to direct engagement politically and economically of the former unitary statehood partners of the failed state Zambia. Zambia should take action finally in the same parliament the BA’64 was abrogated starting in 1969, just as the British Parliament voted against further war in America on February 27, 1782 six (6) years after the Declaration of Independence by America in 1776, leading to the Peace Treaty of Paris 1783 signed on September 3, 1783 and ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the United States of America.


This information about one of the best practice and successful revolutionary story of United States of America (USA) has revealed some startling fast facts that are basic to all successful revolutionary wars and applicable to Barotse Change:

1. There will hardly be a 100% participation of all domiciled citizens to make the revolution successful. The final success of the Barotseland independence struggle is not really in the quantity of players (soldiers) but the quality and persistence of those few committed to the cause.

2. You do not need everything in place in order to succeed in getting the ultimate freedom being sought. With commitment and determination the few available animate and inanimate resources can be given chance to make the impossible possible.

3. The independence of America was proclaimed and actualized before the final bit of peace accord was chronicled in place in 1783. Northern Rhodesia should own up and do the most honourable thing and admit that Zambia is no more so that we can live peacefully as neighbouring states and nations.


Otherwise, Barotseland Revolutionary War is for real commenced, intensifying and headed for conclusion sooner than ‘Zambia’ may realize.


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