Media Editor, Barotseland Post
Britain has voted to leave the European Union, with the Leave campaign securing around 51.8 per cent of the vote.
David Cameron has resigned as Prime Minister in an emotional speech outside 10 Downing Street.
While England voted overwhelmingly for Brexit, Scotland and Northern Ireland backed Remain. Statements are expected to be made by Sinn Fein and the SNP later today calling for a breakaway from the Union. London backed Remain but the turnout was lower than expected because of bad weather.
The pound crashed to the lowest level since 1985 as sterling fell below $1.35. Complacency about a Brexit outcome will come clear this morning, as out of hours trading suggests that the FTSE 100 will drop by 8.8pc, or by some 560 points. The fall would be the third worst in history if stocks ended the day down as sharply - The Telegraph
The UK has voted by 52% to 48% to leave the European Union after 43 years in an historic referendum, a BBC forecast suggests.
London and Scotland voted strongly to stay in the EU but the remain vote has been undermined by poor results in the north of England.
Voters in Wales and the English shires have backed Brexit in large numbers.
The pound fell to its lowest level against the dollar since 1985 as the markets reacted to the results.
Referendum turnout was higher than at last year's general election.
Labour's Shadow chancellor John McDonnell said the Bank of England may have to intervene to shore up the pound, which lost 3% within moments of the first result showing a strong result for Leave in Sunderland and fell as much as 6.5% against the euro.
UKIP leader Nigel Farage - who has campaigned for the past 20 years for Britain to leave the EU - told supporters "this will be a victory for ordinary people, for decent people".
Mr Farage - who predicted a Remain win at the start of the night after polls suggested that would happen - said Thursday, 23 June would "go down in history as our independence day".
He called on Prime Minister David Cameron, who called the referendum but campaigned passionately for a Remain vote, to quit "immediately".
A Labour source said: "If we vote to leave, Cameron should seriously consider his position."
But pro-Leave Conservatives including Boris Johnson and Michael Gove have signed a letter to Mr Cameron urging him to stay on whatever the result.
Labour former Europe Minister Keith Vaz told the BBC the British people had voted with their "emotions" and rejected the advice of experts who had warned about the economic impact of leaving the EU.
He added: "It will be catastrophic for our country, for the rest of Europe and for the rest of the world."
Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has said that the EU vote "makes clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union" after all 32 local authority areas returned majorities for Remain.
Britain would be the first country to leave the EU since its formation - but a leave vote will not immediately mean Britain ceases to be a member of the 28-nation bloc.
That process could take a minimum of two years, with Leave campaigners suggesting during the referendum campaign that it should not be completed until 2020 - the date of the next scheduled general election.
The prime minister will have to decide when to trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, which would give the UK two years to negotiate its withdrawal.
Once Article 50 has been triggered a country can not rejoin without the consent of all member states.
Mr Cameron has previously said he would trigger Article 50 as soon as possible after a leave vote but Boris Johnson and Michael Gove who led the campaign to get Britain out of the EU have said he should not rush into it.
But they also said they want to make immediate changes before the UK actually leaves the EU, such as curbing the power of EU judges and limiting the free movement of workers, potentially in breach the UK's treaty obligations.
The government will also have to negotiate its future trading relationship with the EU and fix trade deals with non-EU countries.
In Whitehall and Westminster, there will now begin the massive task of unstitching the UK from more than 40 years of EU law, deciding which directives and regulations to keep, amend or ditch.
The Leave campaign argued during a bitter four-month referendum campaign that the only way Britain could "take back control" of its own affairs would be to leave the EU.
Leave dismissed warnings from economists and international bodies about the economic impact of Brexit as "scaremongering" by a self-serving elite - Courtesy of BBC
The closure of the Post Newspaper has attracted widespread condemnation with media defence and human rights groups across the world calling on President Edgar Lungu to intervene.
Amnesty International said the closure of The Post newspaper is a disturbing development clearly designed to silence critical media voices.
Amnesty International’s Director for Southern Africa Deprose Muchena said the closure of the Post is an attempt to silence independent media voices in the country ahead of an election.
Mr Muchena said the shutting down of one of Zambia’s main independent newspapers in the run-up to an election is an affront to media freedom and the authorities should immediately reverse their decision.
And the International Press Institute (IPI) also condemned the seizure of The Post newspaper which led to its shutting down of operations.
IPI Director of Advocacy and Communications Steven M. Ellis said the organisation condemns the seizure of The Post which is all the more disturbing given its proximity to the upcoming election.
Mr Ellis said the misuse of state authority to silence the only major media outlet giving opposition parties a platform can only be seen as an effort to deny voters the information they need to make an informed decision about their future and an assault on democracy.
“We urge the government to reverse this decision and allow The Post and all media outlets in Zambia to report the news freely and without pressure.”
On Tuesday, ZRA ordered the closure of the publishing company Post Newspapers Limited, demanding over K53 million in tax arrears.
But the newspaper says that ZRA is selectively applying the law to attack the news organisation.
Last year on 15 July 2015, Police arrested The Post’s Editor in Chief Fred M’membe and one of its journalists, Mukosha Funga, for an article published that March regarding a corruption scandal involving State House aide Kaizer Zulu.
Mr. M’membe and Ms. Funga were arrested, spent a night in custody and charged with publishing classified information, before being released on bail before the state entered a nolle prosequi.
ABOVE: The Litunga Lubosi Imwiko II’s motorcade spotted in Limulunga as His Majesty made way to a church service at St Lawrence Catholic church in Limulunga today, 5th June 2016. Video courtesy of Barotseland Watchdog (BWD)
The Litunga of Barotseland, Lubosi Imwiko II, has today made a rare public church attendance at Limulunga’s St Lawrence Catholic church, where he personally subscribes membership, to finally prove to his subjects that he is not only alive but also enjoys good health.
A short while ago, Barotseland Watchdog (BWD) posted a video clip of a police and security detail assigned to His Majesty by the Zambian government, with the middle car bearing the Litunga’s flag, driving towards the location of the Limulunga Parish and later some photos of His Majesty in church with his indunas and other parishioners. His Majesty is also expected to be ‘Bloused’ or inducted into the Church Men's League.
The embattled Litunga is reported to have arrived back in Barotseland, from Lusaka, either on Friday night or early Saturday amid tight security, when it became apparently clear that His majesty’s absence in Barotseland was perpetuating speculations of his demise.
Although earlier last week some senior BRE indunas had dispelled the rumour of his involvement in a tragic road accident that purportedly claimed His Majesty’s life and that of his the driver, Lubosi Imwiko II’s continued personal absence in Barotseland was still a matter of concern.
This, some reports have said, is the reason why an immediate relevant public personal appearance had become necessary for proof of the Litunga’s safety.
More details to follow.
The Litunga Lubosi Imwiko II’s motorcade is spotted in Limulunga as His Majesty made way to a church service at St Lawrence Catholic church in Limulunga today, 5th June 2016. Video courtesy of Barotseland Watchdog (BWD)
Reproduced Letter to the Editor at the Daily Nation, Zambia, Posted on 26 May 2016.
Barotseland’s quest for return to nationhood and Statehood
In recent times, the readership of your esteemed newspaper has been incessantly bombarded with publications of the Barotseland Agreement (BA) 1964 as ordered by President Edgar Chagwa Lungu.
From the outset, it must be stated that the current publications of the BA are not a new phenomenon.
It is vividly recalled that our late President Michael Chilufya Sata (MHSRP) did also order the publication of the historic BA a few months after assuming office.
That publication did nothing to resolve the long-standing impasse over Barotseland’s quest for return to nationhood and statehood following the abrogation or repudiation of the BA in 1969 by the government of the day.
Mere publication of the BA even a thousand times will not resolve the issue of Barotseland. It is important for the media to highlight the other side of the coin, so to speak.
Allow me to take advantage of this communication to put some issues into their proper and true perspective.
Firstly, it is not correct for President Lungu to insinuate that Barotseland, nicknamed Western Province, wants to “secede” from the rest of Zambia and that the BA does not provide for “secession”.
Our President needs to understand and recognise that secession cannot and indeed must not apply to Barotseland.
Unlike all the other provinces, Barotseland was a nation State prior to 1964 when the Litunga, the King of Barotseland, in good faith, appended his signature on behalf of his people that Barotseland becomes part of Zambia as one country and one nation BUT ONLY UNDER CERTAIN CONDITIONS as highlighted in the BA.
President Lungu has also stated that the BA does not provide for so-called “secession” but interestingly, he fails to recognise the fact that the BA does also not provide for abrogation or repudiation of the Agreement as happened in 1969.
It is an open secret that in 1969, the government of the day unilaterally enacted legislation without consulting the other party to the Agreement, the Litunga and his people.
This action effectively broke, abrogated or repudiated the BA and took away the powers of the Litunga that he held in Barotseland prior to 1964 when Barotseland was a self-governing Protectorate. The Litunga and his people were effectively “dribbled”.
I am appealing that you favourably consider giving the same prominence to publication of the Barotse National Council (BNC) resolutions of 14th March 2014 so that your readers and the general public can be enabled to make a more balanced and enlightened opinion on the current impasse on the issue of Barotseland’s peaceful and non-violent quest for reversion to nationhood.
What option does a husband or wife has when either one refuses to restore a broken marriage but to revert to their original status?
William Harrington – 1st Trustee of Barotse National Freedom Alliance (BNFA).