IN WHAT CONTEXT IS BAROTSELAND A STATE?
I would like to clarify the innuendo being peddled by enemies of Barotseland with intent to corrupt the less enlightened citizens in regard to the Act of INDEPENDENCE DECLARATION, the method Barotseland followed. In the first place the route of independence declaration is legal and the independence claim born out of it is legitimate. Barotseland is not the only country to have taken such a route but countries like USA, Kosovo, etc did the same.
According to the Montevideo Convention on Statehood of 1933 sets out several requirements for Statehood. The Convention, and prevailing law at the time, viewed States as a kind of sui generis legal entity operating and existing under its own authority and power.
Article 3 provides, the political existence of the state is independent of recognition by the other states. Even before recognition the state has the right to defend its integrity and independence, to provide for its conservation and prosperity, and consequently to organize itself as it sees fit, to legislate upon its interests, administer its services, and to define the jurisdiction and competence of its courts.
Barotseland has done exactly the same , after the historic and famous 2012 BNC unilateral Declaration of independence, Barotseland did not go to sleep but organized herself by putting up government structures and formulating of Acts which were destroyed by Zambian regime of Kaunda in 1965.
The Montevideo Convention article 6 then goes on to state,
"The recognition of a state merely signifies that the state which recognizes it accepts the personality of the other with all the rights and duties determined by international law. Recognition is unconditional and irrevocable."
From stand point of international law Barotseland is a State and I know for most of Zambians it is news. I sympathize with them because Kaunda managed to brain wash them in his school of jungle thoughts still believed by elite Zambians.
Appeal to all Lozis , don't fail to assert to the repossession of your rightful property or ownership. Understand that by the act of declaration you have become a state and have right to legislate in your declared independent territory. Remember, it’s not Zambia to give Barotseland sovereignty but sovereignty is with the people of Barotseland and this is what the international law stipulates. What is remaining is to accomplish the recognition of an entity as a State in the international community to be able to function within the bigger family, that makes it so. One simple reason for this might be that States serve a regulatory function in the world. Their function is to administer a portion of the planet where people live.
The process of disengagement is another area that requires the input of international community, for implementation and supervision of the process. This is the task our transitional government is working on day and night to win diplomatic recognition of which I believe is not far from now. The recognition will mean that Barotseland will be able get support both military and economic while develop her own strength to resist international threat.
Tukongote Litunga Ni lyetu
By Saleya Kwalombota
Prince Mwangelwa Mbikusikuta-Lewanika who died on the 8th of December 2014 was put to rest on Friday the 12th of December 2014 in Limulunga Royal village at the Royal grave yard, next to his elder brother Dr. Mwananyanda Mbikusita Lewanika who died on 4th October earlier this year. The funeral gathering has been held at Mukola family place.
Prince Mwangelwa, a humble man full of life, and a very intelligent prince in the Mbikusita Lewanika royal house-hold was also a member of the Barotseland Freedom Movement (BFM), a movement spear-heading the independence of Barotseland under the banner of Barotse National Freedom Alliance (BNFA).
Mwana mulena Mwangelwa Mbikusita Lewanika died a short while after the Mbikusita Lewanika royal family was yet to settle down from a loss of another gallant son and Prince Dr. Mwananyanda Mbikusita Lewanika who died on 4th October earlier in the year.
Meanwhile another gallant Barotseland warrior Muyangana Muyangana has died.
Commenting on his death, Barotseland compatriot and friend Shaudi Mungandi Muwina Mungandi had this to say,
“I was enjoying my Sabbath in a relaxing mood after a go-come trip to Mongu yesterday to pay my last respect to a truly great pal Mwangelwa Mbikusita-Lewanika. That is until I got news that another compatriot in the struggle has just lost the battle for life. Muyangana Muyangana has passed away! The question that begs an answer is, how many more warriors will fall on the battlefield before we can shout ‘Free at last, free at last! Thank God almighty we are free at last.’ The answer my friends is blowing in the wind, the answer is blowing in the wind. The answer my friends is living in all men, the answer is living in all men.”
The former Barotse Freedom Movement national coordinator died Friday evening at around 22:30hrs, in Mungu at Lewanika General Hospital after battling on life support for the 2 days, according to Mungu based BBN.
Just after been released from jail in 2011 under Zambia’s ruling MMD of Rupiah Bwezani Banda’s reign, Mr. Muyangana became a very close friend of Zambia’s late president Michael Sata who he helped to campaign and win presidential elections, as they went round Barotseland.
“His wife, Grace Muyangana was the first one to die early this year and today his beloved husband follows,” reports BBN.
Barotseland has truly lost gallant warriors in the two fallen sons of the soil.
Acting Administrator General’s Tour - Press Release by the Department Of Information & Media Services, Royal Barotseland
Dr. Matengu Situmbeko, the Acting Administrator General of Barotseland Kingdom has embarked on a tour visiting many countries of the world with the aim to seek recognition for the Barotseland Nation; to woo and talk to investors and Governments, and he is accompanied by Mr. Sibeta Mundia, the Editor General at Barotseland Post, Dr. Hastings Njamba Muhau, a Geological and Mining Consultant! Here is his itinerary:
|08/12/2014 – 11/12/2014||USA: Chicago Illinois, New York City and Los Angeles|
|12/12/2014 – 14/12/2014||France – Paris|
|15/12/2014 – 17-12-2014||Netherlands – Amsterdam and the Hague Cities|
|19/12/2014 – 20/12/2014||Britain: London and Manchester City|
|21/12/2014 – 23/12/2014||Germany: Berlin and Hanover|
Mainly these are the first countries in his official tour to visit and he has received cordial invitations from those countries, and this tour is expected to bring a lot of foreign investment into Barotseland Kingdom; it is also expected to establish diplomatic relations and recognition of the Restored African State of Royal Barotseland Kingdom, headed by His Majesty King Lubosi Imwiko II (long live and may God bless and grant him long life)!
Conversely, Dr. Matengu is expected to be in the country on the 24th of December, 2014, while his second trip is expected to be in the first week of January and is likely to start with South Africa then Kenya and others.
Mrs. Ester Lutangu Muzwaule
Media Officer Department of Information & Broadcasting Services
Royal Barotseland Government
If the report as given by Watchdog Zambia on who actual initiated the arrest of the three honorable freedom fighters and the role played by the two named sons of Barotseland is true, then it is regrettable and not to be left hanging before the dual plunges Barotseland in more bigger trouble.
From the information reaching us it is believed that the two have been best friends and attracted a lot of trust and sympathy from Chief Inyambo yet he did not know the type of the young men he was dealing with. The act is barbaric and anti-barotseland. We condemn them to the fullest and request all those who love Barotseland to do so and isolate the duo.
What they have done is worse than what Judas Iscariot did. The blood of those who died in this struggle for the freedom of Barotseland and indeed the suffering of Barotseland rests on their heads. We have nothing to forgive about the dual especially that they are truly sons of Barotseland. I cannot imagine our own brothers selling out Barotseland in this manner.
It is my plea to request Chief Inyambo not to allow this sell-out to continue as an induna as this will amount to sabotage of the peace of Barotseland. He is not a leader but a fortune seeker and all the problems faced by our chief now and before, are because of him.
Barotseland should wake up and put this to order. Give the two gentlemen their right treatment before they do more harm to the people of Barotseland.
Bana ba malozi sure…sure… niheiba uka fapana ni wa henu ka mukwa ufi kamba ufi, haukoni kueza sitoyo sesi cwana se. Ki bumai ni maswabisa amatuna. Nduna yo ni mupokola yo ba bulaile bulozi kaufela…
Ni hakuli cwalo ki hande kutiya, swala tebe ,lilumo ni mukwale ku lwanela bulozi ni ku toola batu ba mufuta sina ba.
Barotseland ki naha!
Let it be known that Barotseland is the World and Africa’s Newest State as such Barotseland has a right to legislate and take control of her own affairs. The Barbaric behavior exhibited by Zambia recently by arresting people of Barotseland government is condemned in the strongest terms and we will go any far to stop this nonsense.
The people of Barotseland will no longer be incarcerated, we say no to the scourge of slavery, servitude and poundage through the language Zambia understands as reflected in the press release of the acting Administrator General Dr. M.Situmbeko. As citizens of Barotseland we have made commitment to defend the territory from extra territorial operation by Zambia, trusting that we have followed the requirements of public international law to the latter. We call upon all Indunas, Headmen, and Lozis who are in political authority home and abroad to observe the demand on the final approach to total independence by defeating Zambia our enemy number one. Especially, as we are ready to put an end to Barotseland impasse because there is nothing sweeter than self-determination and freedom which is a God given gift.
Appreciating the foregoing , it would be the worst act of treachery and betrayal against the tenets of Barotse National Council for the people of Barotseland to fail to secure the territory from invaders (Zambia) as per 2012 BNC resolutions which expressed urgency for total independence and by the act of declaration, Zambia has no general power to pass legislation taking effect outside their own territory. Accordingly, as the people of Barotseland we are entitled to secure self-determination and freedom by any action that will compel Zambia out of Barotseland state without any further delay. Barotseland is African 's newest state and has insignia of state apparatus such as flag, national anthem, emblem , transitional government, cabinet and the Church (Church of Barotseland). Moreover, Zambia has no jurisdiction over an independent state of Barotseland. Therefore, let all those arrested over Barotseland released without any further delay.
I will end up in ALuyana eulogy:- "Mufa na saye ni muteebe, ta liokwe ni mufa na mbuyuyu mu kanwa", meaning, “Blessed is that who is prepared to die for his possession like a Goose is ready to die with a grain in its gully or arroyo".
Kozo, Litunga Ni lyetu.
By Saleya Kwalombota
I heard a voice say this to me, “can you ask among the learned lawyers of this country why the three youths (Mr. Boris Muziba, Mr. Nayoto Mwenda, and Mr. Sikwibele Wasilota) are serving a three years jail sentence when the High Court has ruled that it is not an offence to publish false news in a democratic dispensation in Zambia.” I looked around to see who was speaking to me, then I realised it was the voice of the conscience, that inner “policeman” who always urges us to do what is right and avoid what is wrong. Whenever there is no justice in the society, the people suffer, especially the poor. The Social teaching of the Catholic Church is clear on this, We need to show Solidarity, because we are our "brothers' and sisters' keepers", wherever they live. We are one human family, whatever our national, racial, ethnic, economic, and ideological differences. Learning to practice the virtue of solidarity means learning that "loving our neighbour." Those three youths who were arrested, prosecuted and sentenced to three years imprisonment should now be released with compensation. Among our learned men and women in law I beg you in the name of God to use the law you have learnt to secure the freedom of those youths. A friend of mine a lawyer said this to me,
“The law is clear on the freedom of the press in Zambia. All of us including u and I are free to inform and publicise any form of news. We can report on the happenings in the country. Further, we have the freedom of expression enshrined in the constitution [Article 20 (1)]. Given the facts you have given, I wonder why the youths are locked up. That is a clear violation of human rights and an arbitrary use of powers. Given the law I have alluded to, the youths are at liberty to report on anything. However, if what they report on is malicious and turns out to be untrue then they will be liable for defamation. Defamation Father is not a criminal offence, it is a civil offence whose penalty if found liable are damages to be paid to the injured party. The only criminal offence related to Defamation is the defamation of the President.”
My position is that the youths should be released immediately. The Catholic Church teaches that “that human dignity can be protected and a healthy community can be achieved only if human rights are protected and responsibilities are met.” If they reported on an issue in a malicious way, let he who is injured move to the Mongu High Court. What the authorities are committing is an abrogation of rights. Let someone stand up for what is right, especially for our youths! Why are our brothers still in prison? Where is Justice? Where is the integrity in this incarceration? What are they still doing in prison in the clear land mark light of the judgment of the High Court? The three Nayoto Mwenda, 32, Boris Muziba, 36 and Sikwibele Wasilota, 33 were charged and convicted with the offence of publication of false news with intent to alarm and cause fear or to disturb public peace contrary to Section 67 (1) Chapter 87 of the Laws of Zambia. Why are the human rights groups quiet? Is this not what God condemns in Holy Book of Amos 2:7 “The trample on the heads of the poor as upon the dust of the ground and deny justice to the oppressed.” In another text, God says to Amos to tell the authorities, “you who turn Justice into bitterness and cast righteousness to the ground.” He further boldly told them, “you oppress the righteous and take bribes and you deprive the poor of Justice in the courts” Amos 5:2. Someone may say, ‘priest what is your interest in all this?’ This is our divine calling, to be prophets to the nations, to stand for justice, it is the reason we are ordained. One such example is of St. Eugene de Mazenod, a French priest and founder of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate whose congregation believe in the charism of “preaching the Gospel to the poor”....to seek out in a special way “in the lives of the most abandoned in their many faces and voices, and struggle with these...to safeguard human dignity and respond to the calls of Justice and integrity....”
By Rev. Fr. Chanakila Muyunda,
Santa Croce University, Rome, Italy
As a concerned citizen and servant of God I call upon the Zambian Government through the acting President Dr. Guy Scott to immediately release Mr. Afumba Mombotwa, Mr. Likando Pelekelo, Mr. Kalima, Mr. Boris Muziba, Mr. Nayoto Mwenda, and Mr. Sikwebele Wasilota.
Remember and Do not forget the advise that the Catholic Bishops did give to the nation clearly, they had advised that the “unrest in the western province was caused by a perception that the province is marginalized in matters of development,” this am convinced of having lived there for 35yrs. The Catholic Bishops went further to state that the people of Barotseland were questioning how Zambia was being governed socio-economically and politically.
The issues of Barotseland can only be solved through honesty dialogue between the parties concerned as recommended by the National Convention on the drafting of the New Constitution and also in the pastoral letter of 2012 and solidarity statement of ZEC in February 2011. To solve the issue of Barotseland Agreement, the government must quickly remember the advise they were given by the Church and put it into practice. The Church had advised the government to do five things, namely:
1). Release the Rodger Chongwe Commission Report,
2). Work out an amicable solution towards a clearly spelt out strategy of addressing the issue once and for all,
3). That the parties involved (The Government, The people of Western province, The Barotse Royal Establishment, and the organised activist group) must embrace the spirit of dialogue by coming together to find a lasting solution,
4). Other Stake holders should be involved in this process,
5). Stake holders to demonstrate their commitment to peace by refraining from violence, intimidation, or use of force as a means of achieving their objectives.
I strongly believe that arresting and imprisoning people on this issue creates an infinite cycle of hatred, violence, desire for revenge, and apathy towards the development of the people. The arrests just hardens hearts and makes all stake holders to harden their positions. At the end of it all, there is no winner as correctly stated by the Church. Enough blood has been spelt already on this issue, and memories of it feel the people of God with tears, no one single group wants this cycle to continue and we need our leadership to step up and provide a lasting solution.
Zambia is not the only Nation in the World where such calls of “Self Determination” are heard. We have an example of Quebec in Canada, Scotland in United Kingdom, and Catalan in Spain, etc. We can learn with great humility from these Nations. Despite the fact that they have the best military hardware, the best air force, the best well trained special forces, and the best well trained and equipped police force, they have not used force to suppress the calls, that’s what true leadership is! True leadership entails courage to enter into fruitful dialogue whatever issue arises.
At the heart of it all, we should all know that we are brothers and sisters. We need to love each other because we are one people created in the image of God. Let Love lead! Let us exercise good judgement. Let us behave in a responsible way so that each of us can effectively contribute positively to this process. What we all want is development and peace. We all have to ask ourselves the question: What can I do to bring about peace, healing, reconciliation, and respect of the rights of others? Dr. Guy Scott can initiate this process which will be completed by whoever wins the presidential elections. I wish this could be done before Christmas Day.
I invite my fellow Christians to pray with me for our leaders.
A Zambian constitutional lawyer and 2015 presidential aspirant under the Forum for Democratic Alternatives (FDA), Dr. Ludwig Sondashi today stunned his Zambian popular phoenix radio audience when he, in his capacity as a constitutional lawyer, sort to set the record straight over the controversial subject of the Barotseland Agreement 1964. In his submission Dr. Sondashi advised that the matter of the Barotseland Agreement 1964 was straight forward, stating that Barotseland should not be treated the same way as the provinces of Zambia such as Northern, North-western, Eastern and all other provinces as Barotseland, having been a former protectorate of Britain separate from Northern Rhodesia, agreed to join the latter to form the republic of Zambia by the specific terms of the Barotseland Agreement 1964.
“Barotseland was a separate country from Northern Rhodesia, and the same way Barotseland entered into Zambia through that agreement, she could also leave Zambia by the same Agreement, and it wouldn’t be termed as secession.” Stressed Dr. Ludwig Sondashi much to the amazement of the radio moderator.
“Secession could only be applicable to the provinces of Zambia on the ‘Northern Rhodesia’ side and not on Barotseland.” Dr. Sondashi submitted as he briefly explained both the historical and legal context of the Barotseland Agreement 1964.
Dr. Sondashi further said that although he would not encourage Barotseland to separate from the rest of Zambia, he said that he was merely stating facts and truth as they were, without dwelling on emotionalism. He said his proposed solution was to have the agreement restored and implemented in its original context of a unitary state, as that is what the agreement sort to accomplish, and that as republican president he would seek to further federalize the whole country. However, should the people of Barotseland desire separation from Zambia at any point in time, the same agreement would facilitate their separation and that as president he would not stop Barotseland from separating, if that is what they really wanted, as it would be within Barotseland’s right.
He further castigated the Kenneth Kaunda regime for unilaterally abrogating the Barotseland Agreement 1964, which he referred to as an international treaty, without consultation. He said it was an act of ‘cheating’ for the Zambian government to abrogate the agreement through an act of parliament.
Dr. Sondashi who authoritatively deliberated on this subject more as a respected and qualified constitutional lawyer did not have any caller question his discourse on the subject, as he deliberated on it to the point without mincing any words.
Barotsepost monitored the popular radio show dubbed “Let the people talk” featuring Dr. Ludwig Sondashi for Tuesday 9th December 2014.