A Zambian parliamentarian has observed that late president Michael Sata used the Barotseland Agreement of 1964 to ascend to power.
Mazabuka Central United Party for National Development (UPND) Member of Parliament Garry Nkombo told the Zambian parliament Wednesday afternoon that the results of the lies on the Barotseland Agreement were now clear for everybody to see.
And former Zambian information minister Vernon Mwaanga has said that the new Zambian government that will be elected during the January 2015 presidential by-election should engage into dialogue with the Barotse Royal Establishment over the Barotseland Agreement of 1964.
Each time there is a presidential election Zambian politician’s raise the Barotseland Agreement 1964 issue to win votes in Barotseland. With an impending presidential by – election within 90 days of late president Michael Sata’s death this matter will once again be a campaign issue. What is not clear yet is whether Barotse citizens will entertain Zambian electioneering, with Barotseland independence activists already calling for the total snubbing of the by-election.
Although Barotseland declared independence from Zambia in 2012, her processes of citizenship, like many other government institutions, are not yet finalized, and Zambia administration still holds control of the territory, and do not spare a moment to show just how much in control they still are, with thousands of military and security operatives camped all over Barotseland, besieging the emerging country.
The Barotseland Agreement that was signed between Barotseland and Northern Rhodesia in 1964 to form Zambia was abrogated in 1969 by Zambia, and on 27th March 2012, Barotseland resolved to accept the abrogation and revert to her previous status following unheeded pleas by Barotseland authorities for Zambia to restore the defunct treaty.
BEIJING — China and the United States made common cause on Wednesday against the threat of climate change, staking out an ambitious joint plan to curb carbon emissions as a way to spur nations around the world to make their own cuts in greenhouse gases.
The landmark agreement, jointly announced here by President Obama and President Xi Jinping, includes new targets for carbon emissions reductions by the United States and a first-ever commitment by China to stop its emissions from growing by 2030.
Breaking the taboos in this regard is necessary in a debate that deals increasingly with the results of political liberation, analyses the concept of solidarity, and marks the end of the cultivation of “heroic narratives”.
The struggle for political liberty for our people in Barotseland is so great that the triumph over Zambia's fascism alone is worth the sacrifice of our lives, when we successfully hosted the historic Barotse National Council of 2012 against the authoritarian, undemocratic and uncivilized Zambian law. We are determined to work for our freedom today and not tomorrow by accelerating our independence actualization action plans in place.
Prolific best selling author and internationally renowned preacher and business coach, Dr. Myles Munroe of Bahamas Faith Ministries International and his wife Mrs. Ruth Ann Munroe, died in a plane crash earlier today in the Bahamas. According to The Associated Press, the plane, a Lear LEA -1.05% 36 executive jet, reportedly struck a crane at the Grand Bahama Ship Yard, exploding on impact and crashing into the ground near a junkyard area.
The Bahamas Ministry of Transport and Aviation reported that the Lear 36 executive jet departed the Lynden Pindling International Airport (LPIA) in Nassau, Bahamas at 4:07PM for the Grand Bahama International Airport, a privately owned international airport in Freeport, Bahamas with nine people on board.
Barotseland was recognized as an independent State for five centuries, but made the mistake of signing a treaty guaranteeing it autonomy within an independent State of Zambia in 1964. Within a year of independence, the dictatorial tendencies of Zambia's first President, Kenneth Kaunda had already emerged, and he ignored the terms of the Barotseland Agreement 1964, destroying the institutions of Barotseland, removing Barotseland from the Constitution, and even "annulling" the act of Parliament that granted independence to Zambia since it mentioned Barotseland. To add insult to injury, President Kaunda changed the name of the Barotseland region to the generic "Western Province," in an attempt to destroy all memory of Barotseland.
There are three types of societies manifesting three forms of power, comprise three general social structures of expectations. My special concern is with such societies in the form of states. A state is a formal group that is sovereign over its members and occupies a well defined territory. It is the formal apparatus of authoritative roles and law norms through which that sovereignty is exercised.
There are three methods by which states are classified and these are;
1. Monolithic state
2. Unitary state
3. Federal state
The definitions are as follows;
1. MONOLITHIC STATE
These are which are formed out of single entities which are not linked to some other segments. Examples are, Angola, Ecuador, Zimbabwe, Yemen, Romanian, France, Haiti, etc.
One common feature of these states is that they are indivisible because they are unbreakable.
2. UNITARY STATE
These are States which are formed by more than one segment which could be two, three or more which come about due to negotiations which seek to unify their different countries. In a unitary state the local governments (if there are any) have been set up under statute law, and are in effect delegated to run certain services on behalf of a central government. Examples are; The United Arab Emirate, The United Kingdom, Tanzania, etc.
One fascinating prodigy about these States is that they are breaking and divisible if the conditions that brought them up are not followed.
3. FEDERAL STATE
These States are formed out of the desire of the people to amalgamate their States and these could be two, three or more. In a federal state there is a constitutional right for local governments to act in specified areas, such as legislation. Examples are, Nigeria, United States of America, etc.
Like the Unitary States, they are also subject to disintegration if the conditions which brought them into being are not observed.
Zambia's draft constitution has this to say under part II, sovereignty ;
"(3) The Republic is a unitary, indivisible, multiethnic, multi-racial, multi-religious, multi-cultural and multiparty democratic State.
(4) The Republic shall not be ceded, in whole or in part.
(5) The Republic may enter into a union or other form of inter-state organisation, which action shall not be construed as ceding the Republic." end of quote.
The above quotes defines why Barotseland is not part of Zambia, if Zambia was a unitary state it would have not mentioned that it is indivisible only monolithic states fits such statement as elaborated under monolithic state in this article. The draft constitution further mentions of the Republic not to be ceded in part or a whole, what a contradiction?
Zambia can not claim to be a unitary state when on the other hand claims to be indivisible, how can it be? This clearly elaborates Zambia's fascism and lack of understanding of international law and politics. How can unitary exist, when it is monolithic state in nature since the abrogation of union treaty (BA64) in 1969, the act that ceded Barotseland from Zambia? There draft constitution even failed to define the extent boundaries of the territory of Zambia! This and other conflicting clauses reflects the high level of intellectual fabric degradation in the Zambian political players and law makers. If their aim was targeted at completely wiping Barotseland's autonomy, it is too late and we are miles ahead of them.
We will not succumb to fake unitary claims, Zambia and Barotseland are different sister countries. Barotseland has moved from just being an instinct nation to a state and is constructing social systems that will bring fortune, power and territorial supremacy -a geo-economic phenomenon.
Tukongote Litunga Ni lyetu. Barotseland ki Naha.
By Saleya Kwalombota
BARCELONA — Defying legal and political objections from Madrid, more than two million Catalans took part on Sunday in a straw poll on independence that the region’s governing politicians have presented as a prelude to breaking away from the rest of Spain.
The poll, as expected, resulted in an overwhelming secessionist victory, with 80.7 percent of votes cast in favor of independence, according to the preliminary results released by the regional government of Catalonia early Monday. The results were based on 88 percent of votes counted. The government also forecast the final turnout figure would be 2.25 million voters. However, Spain’s justice minister, Rafael Catalá, told reporters on Sunday evening that the vote had been a “useless and sterile” act of political propaganda orchestrated by the regional government of Artur Mas.
Even after being ordered by the Constitutional Court of Spain to suspend the vote, the regional government allowed the straw poll. It has insisted that such a court ban could not override the right of Catalonia’s 7.5 million citizens, who include 5.4 million voters, to decide whether to secede.
The Catalan secessionist standoff comes after Scotland voted in September not to break away from Britain. That referendum, however, was authorized by the British government in London. The fight over Catalonia’s future is proving far more contentious and has turned into the biggest political challenge for Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy since he took office in late 2011.
He and Mr. Mas have been at loggerheads for two years, initially over fiscal issues. Tensions came to the fore in September when Mr. Mas, who is a late but staunch convert to the secessionist cause, signed a decree approving an independence vote on Nov. 9.
In a televised news conference late Sunday, Mr. Mas argued the vote was “a total success,” held despite a central government that had displayed “political short-sightedness and indifference, if not intolerance.”
He urged Mr. Rajoy to allow Catalans to hold a formal referendum soon. “Like Quebec and Scotland, Catalonia also wants to decide its political future,” he said.
Mr. Rajoy fought to prevent a Catalan vote that he claimed would violate the Spanish Constitution. He told a party conference on Saturday that the Catalan vote had no validity and would have “no effect whatsoever.” Speaking on Sunday on behalf of Mr. Rajoy’s government, Mr. Catalá, the justice minister, also stressed the vote had no legal implications for Spain and warned instead that the attorney general’s office was probing whether charges could be filed against the Catalan organizers of an invalid poll. - The New York Times
Castell competitions in Catalonia feature human pyramids that build community and celebrate culture as the region prepares to hold a straw vote on independence from Spain. Video by Stefania Rousselle on Publish Date November 7, 2014. Photo by Arnau Bach for The New York Times.
An ardent Barotseland political analyst and writer Saleya Kwalombota has wondered why some Barotse nationals are still hesitant to recognize the Afumba Mombotwa led civil government when in fact organizations such as UNPO had already recognized this civil government.
This is in apparent reference to the continued debate on what the correct way forward for Barotseland is at the moment. Some have doubted the legality of a government that still has no visible structures in Barotseland. The Barotseland civil government in transition is still mobilizing and working on restoring and establishing governance institutions, such as the legislature, judiciary, executive and their associated structures. Resource mobilization as well as formulation of civil service and various laws to regulate the function of government are among many other things occupying the Afumba led transitional government, although those that are without patience would have loved to think of a different and quicker way to ending Zambia’s nightmare hold over Barotseland.
UNPO on Barotseland's autonomous struggle, Mr. Kwalombota wrote, has this on their official web site,
"Since 1965, the Barotse have been committed to a peaceful disengagement with the Zambian government. However, their efforts to raise international awareness on their situation and to protest for their rights have been met with repressive behavior from the Zambian government. On March 27, 2012, the Barotse National Council resolved that Barotseland should be a sovereign State. On 15 August 2013 a new civil government led by His Excellency Rt. Hon. Afumba Mombotwa was constituted, which is now seeking international diplomatic recognition." End of quote.
On Barotseland’s economy and currency, the Mupu and the Ndoo, UNPO has this to say,
"The upper Zambezi valley is a floodplain, providing the Barotse with fertile land. As such, their livelihoods are mostly reliant on wetland resources. Barotseland’s economy is based on combined crop farming, livestock keeping, fishing and natural resource exploitation. The Barotse also benefit from the floodplains being somewhat of a tourist attraction. Natural resources include oil, gas, diamonds, rubies, emeralds, gold, copper, iron, quartz, limestone, cobalt, uranium, diatomite, silica sand and salt. The official currencies are the Mupu and the Ndoo." End of quote
Mr. Kwalombota, therefore, appeals to all well meaning Barotseland citizens to stop wasting time in partisan debates and for now focus on a speedy transition of Barotseland government take over through a united and immediate recognition of the Afumba led civil Barotseland government which has clearly won the hearts of organizations and people that know international processes in as far as self determination is concerned. He further advised that emotionalism at this stage would only slow Barotseland transition to complete self determination.
"I, therefore, wish to appeal to the BRE, the BNFA and all other liberation movements to rally behind the civil government that has already scored recognition of reputable international bodies such as UNPO and a couple others already.”
“Let the BRE stretch out their fatherly arms and embrace what Hon. Afumba and the team have so far achieved and see how they can begin to complement and enhance their efforts so that our transition to total governance will be quicker.” Mr. Saleya concluded.
PF got a winning streak of votes in Barotseland, thanks to the influence of Inonge Wina and Winter Kabimba who used the impasse of the Barotseland agreement in that time.
These Barotzish, who were born and bred by Barotse families, later abandoned the Barotse they used and winter even cast aside the Roger Chongwe report as rubbish and stupid!!!
Winter became so big headed, and we warned him and Inonge, plus Nathaniel Mubukwanu that one day, they will need Barotseland.
It is winter who refused to sign the petition of arbitration brought forward for attention. Winter is a snowball.
We are aware that now the three are scheming of how to use Barotse again, taking advantage that their GRZ still holds a grip on Barotseland.
NJA YA MWAHAE AINA BUTALI!!!!
These people will never get any votes in Barotseland. Though they are Barotse, we shall teach them a lesson should they try to use the youth here.
Winter, Inonge, Nathaniel…keep away.
Barotse activists must prepare a stern way to deal with Zambian politicians who will flood their blood money in Barotseland to win over weak minded souls.
Akinako yakutubeta JUDAS ye – Bulozi Nahayaluna
Ebola is a frightening, unpredictable disease. Nearly 5,000 West Africans have died from the current outbreak with more than 13,000 people thought infected.
However, so far the problem remains largely limited to Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone. Two other countries, Nigeria and Senegal, have had cases, yet are now Ebola-free. The DR Congo had an outbreak of a different strain of Ebola that now looks like it might be contained. And while there has been one case of the disease in Mali, the patient died and no others have been confirmed at the time of writing -- though that may well change.
COPENHAGEN, Denmark (AP) — Climate change is happening, it's almost entirely man's fault and limiting its impacts may require reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero this century, the U.N.'s panel on climate science said Sunday.
The fourth and final volume of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's giant climate assessment offered no surprises, nor was it expected to since it combined the findings of three reports released in the past 13 months.
It would be insanity for the Zambian government to bring their presidential by election campaign to Barotseland as this would contravene the territorial boundaries between the two countries. Barotseland is not the western region of Zambia; this truth should be accepted by all who believe in truth. The western province name in reference to remnant parts of Barotseland is cosmetic and it has no legal support as there was no consensus from people in the territory.