POLITICAL VIOLENCE is a broad term used to describe violence perpetrated by either persons or governments to achieve political goals. It can actually be politically motivated violence within and/or without state control.Some popular terms used when describing political violence include armed revolution, civil strife, terrorism, war, and other such causes that can result in injury or loss of property.
We are like a herd of cattle trapped in a thorny fenced kraal.
We previously grazed freely until sometime in 1964 when the previous neighboring farmer, Kadansa, sweet talked us into gathering in a Bantustan Kraal.
We stampede around searching for an opening only to gather at the same spot we started from.
The kraal is hedgy and will only bruise us badly if we attempt to break free.
King Mbikusita Lewanika II was born on 3rd February, 1905 in Lealui and died 7th February 1977. He ruled Royal Barotseland kingdom from 1968 to 1977, as the twenty second (22nd) Litunga from Queen Mwambwa. He received education from Barotse National School (Kambule), University of Cape town South Africa, and University of Wales at Aberystwith. He ascended to the throne on 15th December, 1968, and died in 1977. His capital was Lealui. Having died on 7th February, 1977 his centenary since his passing away comes on 7th February, 2077, in the completely independent New Barotseland.
King Mwanawina Lewanika III, KBE was born on the 07th February, 1888 at Lealui. He ruled from 1948 to 1968 in Barotseland as the twenty-first (21st) Litunga from Queen Mwambwa. He was actually the Litunga Mwanawina III, after the 10th Litunga King Mwanawina I and the 16th King Mwanawina II (1876 - 1878). King Mwanawina Lewanika III, KBE was bestowed with the title of the Knight Commander of the British Empire (KBE) on the 1st January, 1959. Due to the role he played during the attempted formation of Zambia he is also eulogized as the “KING OF ZAMBIA” by some scholars. Having died on 13th Nov 1968 his centenary since his passing away comes on 13th November, 2068 much so in the completely independent New Barotseland!
The month of February is one of the famous months in the yearly calendar of Royal Barotseland Monarchy due to the precious history it bears for the current citizens and posterity of the nation and Kingdom. One such good reason is that from the royal reign progressions of the Barotseland Litungas from antiquity to date three of the Litungas, bearing the name Lewanika as namesakes, interestingly, share the month of February as either a birthday or deathday month, with King Mbikusita Lewanika II having been born on 03/02/1905 and died in the same month of February 07/02/1977.
The New Year euphoria has prompted us to address Barotse Change by expounding on the subject of the name ‘New Barotseland’. Foremost, the reader is hereby reminded that the COUNTRY OF BAROTSELAND is a region between Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe, and is home to the Lozi people, Barotse or Malozi as we call ourselves who are a unified group of over 24 individual formerly diverse tribes related through kinship, originating from the branch called the Luyi (Maluyi), and also assimilated northern Sotho of South Africa who they called Kololo.
Most people think freedom means independence, rare or exceptional success, exclusive privilege and the competence to do anything that one’s heart desires. True as the statement is, and while so many of us boast of this same freedom just because slavery is no longer tenable today, when it comes to ultimate freedom paradoxically many of us remain en caged. This is due to the fact that though we have all been created equally, yet our rights, opportunities, and justices still remain wanting and inequitable.
We trust and pray that this correspondence finds you in the best of your health and spirits. Our calendars indicate that we are now in the Christmas Advent; a time, among other rationales, when most people engage in self-introspection aimed at reviewing personal successes and failures this year, with a view to come up with personal strategies for successes in the ensuing New Year. Barotse Change is convinced that you too, given your high profile standing, are bound to engage in the same exercise. It is our greatest desire, as proponents of Barotse Change, to appeal to you once more brothers and sisters for you to reconsider your ways so that you do not find your names finally indelibly chronicled on the wrong and bad side of the history of Zambia, Northern Rhodesia and unquestionably Barotseland.
SOMALILAND, whose statehood is yet to be internationally recognized after breaking away from Somalia in 1999, held its third successful presidential election whose electoral procedures were observed by an international election observation mission. The international observers, including representatives of UNPO, applauded the overall successful electoral process while, at the same time, noting minor concerns to consider for future elections. The current president, Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud, had not sought re-election, clearing the way for one of three candidates to assume his post. Vote counting is currently underway.
I would rightly guess many of us have in one way or another been betrayed. Betrayal can be quite devastating ripping apart ones’ heart like nothing else, as anger and grief surge through, leaving you feeling used, cheated, and helpless. Whether it is a confidante at work or spilling your secrets sabotaging you and ruining your reputation or a spouse having an extramarital relationship, betrayal is one of the worst things which can be done to someone.
As Zambia takes to podia in their land celebrating 24th October let true Zambians do so freely, honestly but in a political wise manner – every such anniversary should be time to tell what actually went wrong. Otherwise, they risk being haunted forever by the political truth and omens thereof.
The closing thoughts in the last article on Barotse Change series read “Providentially, by action of the 2012 BNC UDI Mandate Barotseland legally accepted Zambia’s desire to completely disengage with us. In effect, the BA ’64 became defunct perpetually and the case considered settled, at least in the minds of civilised international communities and law abiding global citizens!”