News Editor, Barotseland Post
The world and Africa must face facts, and know that Mr. Kenneth Kaunda is not, and will never be a founding father to Barotseland; the man does not even qualify to be an elderly statesman to Barotseland.
If so, we wish to challenge all the scholars of the world to provide us with answers to the following questions:
i) Where was Mr. Kaunda’s father when King Mulambwa refused slave traders from buying people in Barotseland, but dogs?
ii) Where was Kaunda’s father when Doctor Emil Holub from Czech came to Barotseland in 1873?
iii) Where was Kaunda’s father when King Lewanika negotiated and signed a treaty with Britain?
iv) Does Mr. Kaunda know the resting places of our fore-fathers?
v) Does he know where the tombs of our Kings are?
vi) The game proclamation of 1905 provide a class where Mr. Kaunda’s father could belong?
Mr. Kenneth Kaunda who was born in 1924, (only yesterday) has no room or space in Barotseland History, apart from being a deceiver and author of confusion in Barotseland. “The Litunga shall lose his authority”; declared Kaunda in 1969. Mr. Kaunda created his own chiefs and artificial Kings in Barotseland. Nobody can teach us to forget our history and compel us to adopt history of aliens.
Before 1870, there was no nation called Italy, but small states under the control of Austria. One state emerged as a victor and a Nation of Italy came into being. But for the Barotse Nation was ever there. When King Victor Emanuel of Italy arbitrated at the border dispute of the Portuguese West Africa and Barotseland in 1905, Mr. Kaunda’s birth had not entered into a dream.
Mr. Kaunda signed an agreement with King of Barotseland, and before the ink of his signature had dried up, he abrogated that agreement.
It is Kaunda who declared: “we cannot have a Nation within a Nation” referring to Barotseland.
Are the acts of Mr. Kaunda, acts of the founding father to Barotseland? Certainly not! They are deeds of a destroyer. By the fore-going, it must be clear that to claim that Kaunda is a founding father to our nation is a lie!!!
Only a wicked person listens to deceitful lips; and only a liar pays attention to destructive tongues. Therefore, be aware that Zambia wants to wrap all the Barotzish Nation into a blanket.
Barotseland Administrator General & LINYUNGANDAMBO chairman
The Barotse people are much more than a national State. We are a nation with a population of 5.6 million, having all essential qualities of a nation state. We have our own history, our own language, our own culture, our own land of settlement and our own economic system of life. By nature the Barotzish are quiet, unassuming and peace living people, who uphold the high moral qualities of honesty, purity, brotherly love, co-operative living and loyalty, and are devout in their traditional beliefs.
We strongly believe in the Charter of the United Nations, its Declarations on Human rights, the principle of Self determination and the Democratic Rights of Peoples, which are all causes we are fighting for as well as struggle for survival against national oppression, subjugation, exploitation and domination of the Barotse people by the Zambian rulers. In our march towards our objectives, we shall uphold the principle laid down by the United Nations, its Declarations on Human rights, the principle of Self-Determination and the Democratic Rights of Peoples - all causes for which we are fighting. The fight may be long, hard, and cruel, but we are prepared for all eventualities. To die fighting is better than to live as a subservient citizen of Zambia. But we firmly believe that we shall triumph and be victorious, for our cause is just and righteous, and surely the tyrannical Zambian regime must one day fall.
To us, the independence Zambia gained in 1964 is but domination over Barotseland, the former British protectorate, because Zambia became a quasi protector who, unfortunately, turned out different from the British in that Zambia is treacherous and untrustworthy. It is why Zambia failed to uphold the Barotseland Agreement 1964 treaty that was meant to unite the two former British protectorate territories. We are, therefore, endeavoring to gain a genuine liberty, against the Zambian wishes, on the basis of Liberty, Equality, Self-determination and Social Progress. We desire to live in an independent Barotseland in which the people of Barotseland will be in control of their own resources, and a Barotseland that will be governed in accordance with the wishes of the people of Barotseland, and live peacefully in the eyes of Africa and the world. All the people in Barotseland shall be given democratic, political, economical, social and cultural rights.
The economic policy of the independent Barotseland will be designed and tailored to suit the challenges of the 21st century, and will fully recognize and encourage private ownership and welcome foreign investment in accordance with the National investment policy Act.
To the British Government and the British people, we ask you to stand for justice as we demand for independent Barotseland State. The spirit of the Barotseland Agreement 1964 (BA’64) was not “to throw in our lot with Zambia”. We deeply regretted having had negotiated and signed the BA’64 with Northern Rhodesia now Zambia because of what it has turned Barotseland into today. It was a gesture grossly detrimental to our right of self-determination which has been abused to only condemn us to further oppression.
It is extremely difficult for a republic state (Zambia) and the monarchical nation of Barotseland to co-exist because the two nations have diametrically opposite views, outlooks, attitudes, culture, transition and mentalities, to yoke together. However, differences in nature and mentality are not the main reason for our refusal to throw in our lot with the Zambians, but the betrayal of signing the Agreement and later after Zambia has achieved her independence, only to abrogate it with impunity, leaving us as second class citizens of Zambia.
There are other more important reasons for sticking to our demand for our own state:
1. We are concerned that the tactics of annihilation, absorption and assimilation, which have been practiced by the Zambian government, will be continued as long as the fantasy world of BA’64 lingers within the Zambian power.
2. We are concerned about the post independence abrogating of the BA’64, the agreement that brought the independence of Northern Rhodesia and made Barotseland an integral part of independent Northern Rhodesia (Zambia).
The bitter experiences of the Barotse people throughout our forced assimilation with Zambia has taught us one lesson, that as a nation, unless we control a state of our own, we will never experience a life of peace and decency, free from oppression. The Barotse people will, therefore, not despair but continue to fight for an independent Barotseland diplomatically and peacefully without use of aggressive Acts, but peaceful protests to effect the change and expose the Zambian lies that will show the whole World that the integrity of Zambia is questionable, hence the Barotse people’s desire for a Barotseland state.
We will not relent until Barotseland gains independence and recognized as a 55th African State.
Tukongote Litunga Ni lyetu
A secrete operation under Zambia’s Ministry of Chiefs and Traditional Affairs to destabilize Barotseland and infiltrate the Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE) has been uncovered after a confidential report on the progress of what is termed ‘BRE 11’ assignment emerged. The confidential report, which was written by a Mr. Nachimwenda Edson of the Provincial Chiefs and Traditional Affairs office for Zambia’s western Province in Mongu and directed to provincial permanent secretary, Mr. Augustin Seyuba, details the 80% progress made on penetrating the BRE, and on some Lozi officers serving the Zambian government.
“I write to report that my assignment (BRE 11) is 80% complete on BRE and on some Lozi officers that include your deputy and mine who are still crazy about the by-gone powers of the BRE and their Litunga. Sir, my partial report is hereby attached to this minute as you directed in the last briefing.” Opened the confidential report.
“In addition, Sir Lozis are one of the most disorganized tribe/ group. In this line, I wish to mention and assure you Sir that I still have strong ties with some of the senior Indunas in Limulunga who are close to Litunga and influential, you know them Sir. This Sir, is despite the fact that the Lukulu Chief, who is the Litunga’s young brother, seems to no longer trust me.
“As for the Lozi officers, they are not a big issue, because most of them are under our control; your deputy is retired and still trust me; and my deputy Sir, is not an issue, the Nkoya of Lukena and Mbunda of Chiyengele/ Chi eke have done justice to my work and made it easier, after the elections, he will be out of the province. I will present a complete report of this one soon.” Concludes the report’s opening remarks.
The report further gives credit to the Nkoya of Lukena and Mbunda of Chiyengele/ Chi eke for having done justice to the named assignment, making it easier, with a promise to present the complete report as soon as possible.
For some time now, most Lozi nationalists have accused the Zambian government of using divide and rule tactics to divide Barotseland so that the independence voice will not be tenable. Although the major strategy has been to use tribe and ethnicity, especially among the Nkoya and Mbunda people of Barotseland, infiltrating and dividing the BRE seems to have been another strategy so that Barotseland would end up divided, and some how Mr. Nachimwenda Edson seems to have come to that logical conclusion when he proudly alleged in his report that “Lozis are one of the most disorganized tribe/ group”, with a strange sense of victory.
Mr. Nachimwenda is one of the people who are being used to fuel the Chiyengele and Mutondo conflict, and also is tasked to penetrate the BRE. Could this be a challenge to the people of Barotseland that united they will stand while divided they will fall?
The confidential report given to this publication from highly placed sources can be found here: http://barotsepost.com/images/important_barotse_documents/nachimwenda_confidential_report.pdf
Mungu, Barotseland. The appeal case for jailed Barotseland National Youth League leaders Boris Muziba Muziba, Nayoto Mwenda and Sikwibele Wasilota came up for hearing this morning, and the trio were allowed to submit additional grounds for appeal, with the State requesting for a two weeks period in which to make their own submission to counter these grounds for appeal.
As other times before, the atmosphere around the court arena was crowded with sympathizers who came in to give support to the trio with most dressed in Mashushu (Lozi traditional attire).
The three were arrested last year and slapped with three year jail sentences with hard labour each for a letter they wrote to one Hon. Clement Sinyinda, leader of a competing liberation movement BNFA, which the Zambia police force claimed they randomly picked as ‘trash’, but upon reading, they deemed and reported it as 'false news' written and published with intent to cause fear and alarm to the nation contrary to the laws of Zambia.
Below is their submission;
We the people of Barotseland kingdom, Mungu, Royal Barotseland Kingdom.
11th March, 2015
The High Court for Zambia
SUBMISSION AND GROUNDS OF APPEAL
My lady, we appealed our conviction, on reasons that, the offence said to have been committed was committed in Barotseland, an independent country with its own laws, and administration (Government); the Republic of Zambia is aware of this fact.
Barotseland existed far before Zambia was born, and it never ceased to exist as a sovereign nation, unless you can give reference to the laws that killed Barotseland and its citizens, if at all they do exist.
The Barotseland Agreement attempted integration of Northern Rhodesia and Barotseland Kingdom, but Zambian parliament abrogated and terminated the agreement, and forced its way to continue to enjoy the privileges and rights contained in the terminated agreement. We have however, attached an affidavit that can testify how correct our statement is. Unless Zambia can establish the link between Barotseland and Zambia if there is any!
According to the Zambian law, Barotseland is not recognized as a state party to it, and if so, then Barotseland remains to be a foreign country to Zambia, and any attempt to introduce the Zambian law, would mean, illegal occupation and interference to the internal affairs of Barotseland, thus contrary to the UN Charter Article 7, which says that nations should not interfere in the internal affairs of other nations.
Further, we avail you to the reasons we hereby submit:
1. The Barotse National Council of 2012 accepted the nullification of the agreement which was referred to as a link between the two nations, and further declared Barotseland a sovereign and independent state, whose Head of State is King Lubosi Imwiko II. From that time, Zambia lost its legal jurisdiction on Barotseland, hence, we challenge you to prove that we are Zambians, in the absence of the agreement, for you to have a legal right over us.
2. Yes we wrote the letter to Mr. Sinyinda, to reprimand him of his bad deeds. Why does Zambia get involved, the letter is very personal and the issue at hand is the letter and not individuals that wrote the letter.
3. Writing a letter is not offence.
4. Your interpretation of the document is with intent to cause fear and intimidation, our interpretation of the document is with intent to curtail evil intentions.
5. The letter in question has revealed a serious scam against our beloved country Barotseland; why does Zambia get concerned in issues of a different country?
6. Who is the complainant in this case? Why didn’t Mr. Sinyinda, the one the letter was addressed to not complain or come to court to testify?
7. Defamatory - The authors of the letter did not commit any defamation of character to the person in question but in steady they were conveying a caution.
Argument: if he as an individual who the letter was addressed to did not reply in any way, how does a foreign police force and foreign court goes on to arrest and try the authors.
8. We the authors are concerned citizens of Barotseland, we are not Zambians, even if we were.
N.B. 'with intent' means no crime committed; thus we are dealing with imaginary offences. It’s over a year now, people have read the letter and there is no disturbance of public peace (that) has ever taken place as a result of publication; courts cannot deal with imaginary offences.
9. Instead of making investigations you arrest the concerned foreign citizens and you want to subject them to your laws which are not recognized anymore in Barotseland, if they are in use, then they have been imposed on Barotseland.
10. Whether true or false, the person who should summon us is His Majesty the Litunga King Lubosi Imwiko II, the Head of State of Barotseland, and not anybody else, because if there is any offence it was committed in his country, and NOT IN ZAMBIA.
11. Sedition – There is no sedition but presumption or opinion of the police!
Argument: Sedition is an opinion of police not law. In this case, a Zambian Policeman may decide to classify any material as seditious within their territory. Therefore, this can and will not apply to a citizen of a different country or territory and so to us.
Question: why is it that when a document with information of Barotseland found with any Barotzish is considered as sedition or is said to cause alarm, but when the same document is found with other tribes of Zambia, it will be considered like any other material of information?
12. You planted a recorder/ transmitter at the palace! Now you want to stop us from being concerned!
13. The lower court erred in law by not exercising fairness during trial and subsequent conviction, thereby violating our inalienable right as enshrined in the International Bill of Rights.
14. The lower court erred in law when it alluded to in its judgment that, seeking self-determination is a crime citing as a reason for convicting us so as to deter would be offenders. To the contrary, self-determination is our inalienable right as enshrined in various international charters such as the UN General Assembly on Human Rights and Peoples Rights Article 20 and the International Covenant on civil and Political Rights Article 1 among others, which Zambia domesticated on 08th August, 1984.
15. The lower court erred in law when it deliberately ignored our application that the matter be transferred to an independent and impartial court, thereby violating our inalienable right as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 10.
16. The lower court erred in law when it went ahead to try and convict us even after we raised constitutional matters and by law, the lower court has no jurisdiction to preside over matters which borders on constitution.
Finally, we have the belief that the hand and spirit of God will guide you as you take this case and hope that you will be impartial and that you will be able to analyze the facts as they are, and give a sound judgment to squash and dismiss the case and let us free.
Our conviction my Lady, flies in the teeth of the law, therefore, we pray to this honorable court to declare it null and void and that we be set free.
We are much obliged my Lady.
In the latest turn of events surrounding the Barotseland Petition seized by African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights (ACHPR) of the African Union (AU), it has been learnt that the jittery Zambia government (GRZ) has pleaded for more time to respond to the petition, claiming that they have not seen the communication relating to the same. Consequently, at its 17th extra-ordinary session held from 19th to 28th February 2015, the Commission decided to grant the request and the secretariat of the Commission has forwarded the Barotseland complaint and submission on Admissibility to Zambia and requested the Zambia government to submit its response - counter arguments on Admissibility within two months. The Commission has since informed Barotseland of the decision through a letter of communication ( http://barotsepost.com/images/important_barotse_documents/letter_on_communication_429_to_the_complainant_4315.pdf ) to the office of the Ngambela dated 5th March 2015, copied to BNFA.
This development should be seen in Barotseland circles as a gimmick by the Zambian government to play hide and seek games in the fervent hope that passage of time shall produce a miraculous escape for the Zambian authorities from an otherwise imminent Armageddon. Nevertheless, BNFA understands well that court processes are full of intrigue and gymnastics which require coolness of mind. Like it was once said by prominent and veteran Lawyer, the late Mundia Sikatana SC that, “The wheels of Justice sometimes seem to turn too slowly, but they are turning all the same and sooner or later will grind to a halt as justice is delivered and seen to be delivered”.
The BNFA leadership is alive to the fact that GRZ will use every trick in the book to derail progress in this case. Their latest move in this matter is a common trick used within the Zambian court system whereby lawyers representing weaker sides of the litigation process feign ignorance of matters which are within their hands in order to secure adjournments of hearings to delay verdicts, hoping that eventual developments may save their clients from due punishment. As a matter of fact, the Attorney General’s Chambers is itself not innocent in this regard and it is no wonder the Zambian Justice system is so congested that even the most straight forward issues take decades to reach judgment, often with the result that the judgment beneficiary does not live to enjoy the fruits of their action.
The BNFA Executive Committee urges the people of Barotseland to remain steadfast in as far as the journey to an independent nation is concerned, as victory is certain. From our side, we see that correct anticipation of GRZ’s manoeuvres coupled with advances on the local political front, such as going ahead with the BTA agenda, will help quicken the pace of progress. We urge our people to remain united, focused, and determined in order to forge ahead in actualizing Barotseland statehood. They should avoid elements that tend to deviate attention from the real struggle - BNFA.INFO
The appeal case for the Barotseland National Youth league executive leaders; Muziba, Nayoto and Sikwibele who are jailed for three years with hard labor, for “publication of false news with intent to cause fear or alarm to the public contrary to the laws of Zambia” which took place on the 11th March 2015 in Mongu High Court of Zambia, has been adjourned to Monday 16th March, 2015.
In adjourning the matter, the court said that the trio’s submission to the court was not yet in their files, hence the adjournment to Monday 16th March, 2015.
Scores of people gathered at the High court to have a glimpse of the three courageous young men of Barotseland struggle for independence. The courtroom and outside premises were fully parked with people of all age groups and different walks of life, some of who sang songs of solidarity and the Barotseland national anthem in patriotism.
Meanwhile, business came to a standstill as the people lined up the road to Mongu prison to wave at the gallant youth of Barotseland who waived back with a raised victory hand symbol.
The three were arrested last year and slapped with a three year jail sentences with hard labour each for a letter they wrote to one Hon. Clement Sinyinda, leader of a competing liberation movement BNFA, which the occupying Zambia police force claimed they randomly picked as ‘trash’, but upon reading, they deemed and reported it as 'false news' written and published with intent to cause fear and alarm to the nation contrary to the laws of Zambia. Suspicions are that they were arrested on Hon. Sinyinda’s orders, in an apparent case of betrayal or reprisal as the letter was accusing him of collaborating with Zambia to perpetuate atrocities in Barotseland.
Currently in Zambia, this controversial colonial charge has been ruled unconstitutional by the high court, although the state has appealed the high court ruling to the supreme court, the highest court of appeal in Zambia.
Petitions and prayer continue to be made on behalf of the three young men and four other Barotseland leaders currently incarcerated in Zambian prisons including the Barotseland administrator general Hon. Afumba Mombotwa who is arrested for treason felony awaiting trial at Zambia high court. If convicted they face a death penalty for attempting to ‘secede’ Zambia’s western province to form the independent state of Barotseland.
Barotseland was unanimously declared independent by the supreme governing body of Barotseland the Barotse National Council (BNC) gathering in 2012, in response to Zambia’s unilateral abrogation of the pre-independence Barotseland Agreement 1964 which guaranteed autonomy of Barotseland within the newly independent republic of Zambia. The Barotse people have argued that with the termination of the agreement the Zambian government lost the legal ground to administer the Barotseland territory as the agreement was the only basis by which the area came under Zambia’s control.
Since the 1969 abrogation of the agreement, Zambia has administered Barotseland by a measure of force, often arresting, imprisoning or killing anyone protesting or questioning Zambia's legality in Barotseland. Thousands of Zambia military and security forces now traverse the territory, ready to squash any protestation or 'rebellion'.