It is with pleasure and a sense of historical responsibility that I headed a small delegation from Barotseland to be present at the ANC’s 104-anniversary celebration, which is in honour of the founders of the ANC.
This history of Barotseland in Southern Africa is worthy of celebrations, and as a part of it, my delegation has appreciated the opportunity having shared in it. However, out of this celebration, we learn that this ANC cross-border foundation is essential towards consolidating advances made and to teaching cross-border solidarity over what remains of our common struggle for democracy and development, in justice, freedom and equality.
The ANC leadership has commendably invited us to look at the joint cross-border past Barotseland and South Africa common efforts against European domination, exploitation and human rights violation against African people. In our turn, we are critically inviting the ANC leadership to focus on the outstanding and unsatisfactory plight of Barotseland.
The country was Barotseland Protectorate under treaties independently negotiated with the British Crown. It was Barotse Province, after independence, when the 1964 Barotseland Agreement replaced the treaties with Britain, and allowing Barotseland to be an integral part of Zambia. The Zambian Government, which still stands by this deliberate failure to honour even a nation building foundational promised, unilaterally abrogated this Agreement in 1969.
This Agreement was the only mutually agreed guarantee or mechanism for the reconciliation of Barotse national interests within postcolonial Zambia. By this act, and to apply Wole Soyinka’s line of thought,
“A profound trust was betrayed, and only a community of fools will entrust its most sacred possession – nationhood – yet again to a class that has proven so fickle, so treacherous and dishonourable.”
To add insult to injury of betraying the trust of Barotseland, Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda exercised the same impulse as European-American bent on enslaving Africans. European enslavers of Africans imposed European or meaningless names on captive Africans, so that they may forget their roots and identity as distinct human beings, who had been free and independent, with own African homeland and a socio-cultural system. Similarly, there was a presidential decree renaming of Barotseland as Western Province, against the will of Barotse people, in an effort to subjugate and degrade Barotseland and erase its identity, integrity and history.
The population of Barotse nationals is comparable to SADC member states. Barotseland has a land mass that is larger or equal to that of 19 African Union member states. Barotseland has an over 400 year’s nation building and survival drive, and was not a creation of colonialism. Partisan and short-term political expedience cannot wish away, ignore and bury this endeavor. Barotseland is an integral part of broader African and Sub regional history that is a critical corner stone in the foundation of the continuing long walk to African liberation, in its full context.
Barotseland is in an unattainable situation that makes peace with justice and freedom impossible. There is continuous violation of human rights. There has hardly been a single year without Barotse political prisoners, since the 1969 unilateral abrogation of the 1964 Barotseland Agreement. Currently, four Barotse nationals were captured and have been kept in a maximum prison, caged in a cell, which is not fit for a piggery. European colonialists built this cell to hold 20 native prisoners; it is now stuffed with 300 Africans, including the four Barotse political prisoners.
On one hand, the Zambian Government has unilaterally abrogated the 1964 Barotseland Agreement, which was on the 'freely negotiated and agreed' basis, making Barotseland an integral part of Zambia. On the other hand, the Zambian Government has applied the police state force against Barotse nationals’ human rights and Barotseland’s right to self-determination. This situation has made Barotseland a nation without a state.
In its founding spirit, the ANC has led the liberated South Africa to the forefront of African efforts towards maintaining peace and security, including measures for preventing and removing threats to the peace. This has not ruled out application of means of suppressing acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, towards justice and freedom. It has also been in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, which seeks to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, but is not, and should not, be limited to interstate relations to internal violations of human rights and threats to peace.
By extending this policy action line to address the plight of Barotseland, the ANC, through the South African Government, would be fulfilling its founding perception and mission, as commemorated so joyfully and proudly during the 104th Anniversary celebrations, which we have gratefully witnessed. Let the linkage be unbroken!
The 104th ANC Anniversary Cerebrations upheld significant cross-border memorable and still critical linkages. President Jacob Zuma’s statement to Traditional leaders and address at the Dinner show at Sun City on January 8, 2016 as well as the Rally at the Royal Bafokeng Stadium, Rustenburg on January 6, 2016 highlighted these features. Among these are Barotseland’s more than 160 years old social and economic linkages with South Africa in general and the 104 years political association with the ANC in particular. My participation in the subject celebrations underscores this.
As President Zuma pointed out, this history teaches that the ANC has a cross-border sub regional foundation stones, focus and aspirations. One of many illustration of this is the inerasable historical fact that King Lubosi Lewanika of Barotseland was among the seven African Kings appointed as Honourary Presidents of the South African Native National Congress at its founding in 1912, 104 years ago.
King Lewanika the First is the father of Mbikusita Lewanika, who, somewhat like his father, also served as the Founder President General of the Northern Rhodesia African Congress (1948 to 1951) before enthronement as King Lewanika the Second of Barotseland (1968 to 1977). Mbikusita Lewanika warmly hosted his counterpart, the then ANC President Dr James Moroka‘s family at his home in Kitwe, Northern Rhodesia in 1951 - ten years before Nelson Mandela passed through in the rather hesitant 1962 reception by UNIP leadership.
King Lewanika the First is the grandfather of the writer, Akashambatwa Mbikusita Lewanika, who has been the initiator and Founder National Secretary of the Movement for Multi-party Democracy, which ended the One Party State in Zambia (1990 to 1991.) Zambian political leaders befriending the ANC have either consistently sought to hide or have been ignorant about this precious history starting with King Lewanika the First as one of the Founder Honourary Presidents of the ANC at founding 104 years ago.
The ANC is continuing to stress the full range of its roots, including the long and diverse association with Barotseland. This is commendable and valuable.
We are grateful that President Zuma, working together with Mandla Mandela the traditional leader of Mvezo, had extended an invitation to my sister and myself, who are grand children of King Lewanika the First of Barotseland, at the official opening of the Makgato Lewanika Mandela Primary School, Quno. We regret that we were unable to be present due to change of dates and logistics; however, we were very much there in spirit. It has been our faith that the future holds prospects for our presence at such occasions.
The first decade of the 20th Century ended with establishment of a common purpose between Afrikaner and British European settler communities through the 1910 Union of South Africa dominion status. This was a united European settler determination to dispossess and disempower Africans in South Africa as well as the rest of Central and Southern Africa. The second decade opened with the 1912 founding of the South African Native National Congress, for Africans within and beyond the boundaries of South Africa.
African traditional leaders had sought ways of retaining African rights to land and liberty, in the wake of European drive for economic dominion and racial superiority over all the lands and people of Africa. However, traditional methods of war and isolated resistance by African kingdoms were no match for the onslaught of European aggression. On the other hand, there were no known and tested models of self-defense against this new and tough adversity.
The 1912 founding of the South African Native National Congress launched a new African reaction in form of a political organization. This was the African National Congress of South Africa. It represented African people from Cape Town in the south to Barotseland in the north. It involved African traditional authorities who were directly being disposed, or threatened with dispossession, of land and negation of the human right of self-government in freedom.
The Congress movement was organized on a territorial basis after the Second World War. For example, 1948 witnessed the founding of the Northern Rhodesia African Congress in 1948, under the founder presidency of Mbikusita Lewanika, a son of King Lewanika the first of Barotseland. The ANC of South Africa inspired territorial congresses. The independence for African countries culminating with the defeat of Apartheid in 1994 as a fruit of the founding of what has become the ANC of South Africa, 104 years ago.
More about the Author: Prince Dr. Akashambatwa Mbikusita Lewanika's professional profile can be found here
In economic development and business Management, he completed three years service as Managing Director of the Tanzania Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA). He had earlier served in the public sector for twelve years as a subsidiary General Manager as well as Group Controller of Group Management Services and Group Director of Projects of the Industrial Development Corporation of Zambia. In the private sector, he served for three years as General Manager of the multi-national corporation Blackhood Hodge.
In political governance, he clocked twenty years variously as initiator and Founder National Secretary of the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy, a legislator, a Cabinet Minister of Science, Technology and Vocational Training, Special Assistant (Political) to the state President, Chairman of the National Economic Advisory Council, Chairman of the National Governing Council of the African Peer Review Mechanism and a Commissioner of the Anti-Corruption Commission.
In civic and social sectors, he served for three years as Chairman of the Economic Association of Zambia. He has also served as Chairman of the Kitwe Press Club and Chairman of the Lusaka Amateur Boxing Association as well as Committee member of Kitwe and District Chamber of Commerce. In addition, he has been a regular resource person for diverse social and economic associations, such as the Zambia Congress of Trade Unions, Small Scale industrialists and cooperative unions.
Academically and professionally, he holds three Master’s degrees from Boston, Carleton and Cornell universities as well as a Bachelor of Arts Degree from Jackson State University in the USA and Canada. In addition, he holds a Fellowship of the Economic Development Institute of the World Bank, a Certificate in Science and Technology Innovation Programme from the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, and a Certificate in Management Accounting from International Labour Organisation and a Certificate, United Nations Institute for Public Enterprise, Ljubljana, Slovenia during the era of a united Yugoslavia. In addition, he has been awarded D. Phil (Honori Causa) by the International Management Centres Association and Revans University of the U.K. in recognition of his contribution towards Democracy and Development as well as lifetime demonstration of Action Learning.
He was one of the expert formulators of the African Alternative Framework to Structural Adjustment Programme for Socio-Economic Recovery and Transformation of the Economic Commission for Africa. He has been a consultant for the Addis Ababa based Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, in addition to having undertaken consultancy assignments for the UNIDO and the PTA (now named as COMESA). He has been the Chairman of the Economic Association of Zambia and Zambia Research Foundation.
He has authored books, articles and other publications on varied subjects, including political economy, political development, history and poetry.
1960 is referred to as the YEAR OF AFRICA by historians, politicians and Pan-Africanists because of chains of events that occurred during the year resulting in the independence of seventeen African nations which in turn heightened the growing spirit of Pan-Africanism in the continent. The year 1960 brought about the consummation of African independence movements and the consequent emergence of Africa as a major force in the global body of United Nations (UN). No doubt that Barotseland was there, as a member of the Southern Africa community of countries (SADC) even Africa continent by default, given the fact that Barotseland has been an existing nation on the continent and sub region from time immemorial; as a kingdom with a history stretching back quinquennial centuries.
During colonial times Barotseland was a British protectorate, a status that gave her greater autonomy than the rest of the area managed by the British South African Company (BSAC), on behalf of the British Empire in Southern Africa then. While Barotseland was a British protectorate the neighbouring Northern Rhodesia was a colony. When the African Independence loomed in the early 1960s the Southern Africa region did not lurk behind the rest of Africa as can be seen from the data presented below. Unfortunately, on 19th May, 1964 Sir Mwanawina Lewanika III, K.B.E Litunga of Barotseland at the time was coaxed to grime in with the would be new country of Zambia, using the much outspoken BA’64 Treaty on condition that Barotseland maintained her element of self-governance. Consequentially, Barotseland unintentionally and malevolently deferred her freedom of independence, by the same token of the unitary but defunct BA ’64 treaty, up until March 2012. Since then Barotseland has been lobbing the international institutions to help in amicably disengaging off the once unitary treaty partners of Zambia.
The wind of change mounted up then resulting in a number of countries in Africa and Southern Africa in particular gaining independence.
For instance, and in that order:
- Madagascar (26/06/1960),
- DR Congo (30/06/1960),
- Malawi (06/07/1964),
- Zambia (24/10/1964),
- Botswana (30/09/1966),
- Lesotho (04/10/1966),
- Mauritius (12/03/1968),
- Swaziland (06/09/1968),
- Mozambique (25/06/1975),
- Angola (11/11/1975),
- Seychelles (29/06/1976),
- Zimbabwe (18/04/1980),
- Namibia (21/03/1990) and
- South Africa (27/04/1994).
This makes a list of fifteen completely independent SADC member states to which Barotseland mutely belongs and craves to become a salient member state soonest. The wind of change (Decolonisation) continues until the wheels of justice are corrected in the full recognition of the UDI of the last repressed state of Barotseland, this side of Africa.
In October 1960, Ghanaian president Kwame Nkrumah’s famous speech delivered to the United Nations assembly on discussing continent Africa's role in the world and the future role of the world in Africa Nkrumah championed Africa's new power, saying it did not wish revenge on its European colonizers, but would demand on freedom. He said,
“One cardinal fact of our time is the momentous impact of Africa’s awakening upon the modern world. The flowing tide of African nationalism sweeps everything before it and constitutes a challenge to the colonial powers to make a just restitution for the years of injustice and crime committed against our continent.
But Africa does not seek vengeance. It is against her very nature to harbour malice. Over two million of our people cry out with one voice of tremendous power. And what do they say? We do not ask for death for our oppressors; we do not pronounce wishes of ill-fate for our slave-masters; we make an assertion of a just and positive demand; our voice booms across the oceans and mountains, over the hills and valleys, in the desert places and through the vast expanse of mankind’s inhabitations, and it calls out for the freedom of Africa. Africa wants her freedom. Africa must be free. It is a simple call, but it’s also a signal lighting a red warning to those who would tend to ignore it”.
These profound words of wisdom included the fate of Royal Monarch of Barotseland and still cry out for motherland Barotseland in the courts and assemblies of UN, AU SADC and other International body lovers of peace, human rights and justice.
As for Southern Africa, I wish to note that the delayed independence of Barotseland your sister nation was in good riddance for the purpose of aiding the organisation and liberation of most of SADC members states while Barotseland was in political cohabitation with Northern Rhodesia, as Zambia, even pre-1960s. Isn’t this time for you to do everything possible in your powers to put Barotseland back on the same African map with fellow African and Southern Africa community of countries? Surely her political stalemate with her coloniser Zambia has reached the breaking point to the extent of potentially threatening peace in the region.
ALUTA CONTINUA! Barotseland ki Nako!
The setting is 18th May, 1964 when the much spoken Treaty BA’64 was signed to pave way for what would soon be the unitary state of Zambia; comprising Barotseland Monarch and Northern Rhodesia as republic of Zambia.
No sooner was the deal done (deceitfully) than it was quickly repudiated and abrogated beyond remorse, recognition and adoring by most Zambians; both the pioneers and their posterity! Imagine how it felt! Imagine how it feels now!
The treaty tells us that it was possible for Barotseland and Zambia to cohabit as one nation with Barotseland maintaining her autonomy, just as she was, as a British protectorate. Instead the leaders and regimes then chose to entertain failure when other similar unitary treaties succeeded elsewhere, how does it feel?
When you importune for the restoration of the honourable but defunct BA’64 petition after petition, commission of inquiry after commission of inquiry but all to vanity; how does it feel?
After initiating and soliciting for the second chance in restoration of BA’64 as if it were Barotzish who repudiated and abrogated the treaty only to deny us the more our rightful position, company, friendship in Zambian life; imagine how it feels!
Having implored and worked for restoration of BA’64 with God blessing Zambia, for nearly fifty years, with riches through Barotseland endowment contributions of labour, physical resources, culture, intellectual properties and so forth only to be given a raw deal of the financial support in development; how does it feel?
The more we prayed for one more year in the ‘Golden Jubilee’ 50 years the more we became maimed, killed, persecuted, even incarcerated before sentencing, with Zambia in turn becoming less involved and committed to the BA’64 cause; imagine how it feels!
You ask the international community to intervene only to get a stuck response to a political impasse that is half a century old, despite letter after letter and communique after communique; imagine how it feels, with newer cases having received priority attention!
How is it that you have done all the good efforts toward harmonious living with Zambians only to be given more trials, labels to even dare curse you and be foul-mouthed at Barotzis for doing what is rightfully and honourably theirs; how does it feel?
And yet, for all these transgressions, if it were Barotse’s deeds against Zambians they would have been counting, grudging and hoarding up and say in 2016 enough is enough we have been forgiving you all these years! How does it feel?
We have been patient with our brothers and sisters and yet they still crave more blessings of our company only to abuse, misuse and corrupt or bribe us and our leaders still this year, in their quest to obliterate us from the face of planet earth; imagine how it feels!
Meanwhile, history well informs us that Barotseland is among the oldest nations to be established, dating before the 15th century, thrice ‘colonised’; by Makololo of Lesotho from late 19th century, secondly as a British protectorate (1924 – 1964) and Zambian colony (1964 - 2012, and yet the only one still grappling with the wrenches of colonialism in Southern Africa, unfortunately twice black on black. How does it feel?
Fortunately, the ultimate is that divorce with Zambia in 1969 and the 2012 UDI is the final, irrevocable, inevitable and the anomalous to some but ideal affair to do, in honour of the defunct BA’64 treaty, the only foundation for the failed unitary statehood of Barotseland and Northern Rhodesia as Zambia.
Won’t you feel for motherland Barotseland, as your parent, and amend your ways to correct her plight for a better life tomorrow for all, even this New Year 2016?
With the seriousness she yearly attends your sustenance through her bounty and the heritage that you are, and yet you can afford to approach the matter so indifferently, defiantly, uncouth, cowardly, differently and carelessly! Imagine how it feels!!
Dr. Martin Luther King once said “he who passively accepts evil is as much involved in it as he who helps to perpetrate it. He who accepts evil without protesting against it is really cooperating with it. Change does not roll in on the wheel of inevitability but comes through continuous struggle. And so, we must straighten our backs and work for our freedom”.
Barotse Change therefore, is simply protracted and evidently work in progress and not a flop, as supposed by the enemies – IT IS A FALLACY Just keep watching this space; Barotseland Post.
STAND UP AND OUT, FOR YOUR FREEDOM. Imagine how it feels!!!
Litunga ni lyetu!
By Lindunda (La Mulonga) Wamunyima
We all know the 26th – 27th March, 2012 BNC Resolutions mean not only the Barotseland autonomy or independence but also the restoration of our culture, education, religion among others in Barotseland context. Culture stands at the core of our identity as Barotzish. The Silozi culture has suffered immense havoc at the hands of Zambian government even as we read this article. One constituent element of culture is value ecosystem. Our value system has been staked greatly and is in need of restoration too hence the Barotse change. Really when you see our parents and elders in the BRE make a U-turn from our 2012 BNC mandate (to form an autonomous democratic monarch), opting to share power with Zambia (even when the experiment failed for nearly 50 years) surely something must be terribly wrong at the heart of our culture! It is all because of our eroded cultural value ecosystem that is in dare need of restoration.
IT IS SAID THAT ABSOLUTE POWER IN AN ABSOLUTE MONARCH ABSOLUTELY CORRUPTS!
Values refer to those permanent beliefs or ideals which govern the way of life and held to be very important in influencing thought and behaviour in a society. If this is true then one would rather die for our Barotse Heritage than change it to be something else! These values differ from attitudes in that attitudes refer to predispositions or readiness to respond in a certain way to a person, object, ideas or situations. In other words, attitudes are more specific to the situation and are less enduring and stable than values. Values actually represent global or wide beliefs that influence behaviour across all situations, while attitudes relate only to behaviour directed toward specific objects, persons or situations in a particular community. Therefore, have our values become attitudes or have our attitudes transformed into values, I ask the sociologists? The seriousness of our value system is that it is the foundation of our behaviour and identity as Lozis; whatever we do is dictated by the same Silozi value system. As such it is imperative for us to reflect on this equally fundamental subject and how it influences our dear Barotse Change, for values definitely have an influence on what our leaders, citizens and residents attempt to achieve within and without Barotseland.
TYPES OF VALUES
Values classification takes a number of variants but for the sake of this article I wish to focus on two types namely terminal and instrumental values. Terminal values refer to long term personal convictions about lifelong goals and objectives that an individual seeks to achieve, like Barotse Change. They guide our behaviour along our strategic paths. On the other hand instrumental values refer to short term personal convictions about modes of behaviour that an individual seeks to follow (like honesty and benevolence). These guide our behaviour on daily basis toward achievement of our goals. It is worth noting here that individual citizen values inform the national value system and equally the national values ecosystem enlightens the citizens’ behaviour.
EXAMPLES OF BAROTSELAND TERMINAL VALUES
We crave to ultimately be a completely independent sovereign nation and state like many others around, backed by our history and international legal framework contending in our favour.
• A LAND FREE OF WAR, CONFLICT AND CORRUPTION
Since 1965 we have been subjected to acts of war, conflict and corruption by the Zambian regimes over the defunct BA’64.
• COMFORTABLE LIFE
At least to a degree that is acceptable to us as a nation and state politically and economically. We have had is a lot of discomfort when living under ‘black to black’ colonisation. It is better to be poor on your own making than under forced suppression.
Away from the Zambian days of being second class citizens in your own country and subjected to voluminous inequalities on account of being Lozis!
It is very disturbing to see some fellow citizen looking down upon themselves to the extent of failing to speak their mother tongue even on home ground soil for fear of derision by aliens and enemies of Barotseland.
• RULE OF LAW
It is without prejudice that Barotseland is very much known for being legal wise. It is therefore not surprising that from ‘Unitary’ Zambia’s finest lawyers list in history are lawyers, advocates and attorneys who descend from Barotseland or have strong pedigree from Barotseland. Additionally, our culture has a lot of this value of rule of law deeply embedded in what is dubbed as ‘Sizo sa Silozi’.
EXAMPLES OF BAROTSELAND INSTRUMENTAL VALUES
We are responsible enough to run our course of life as a people. Zambia has dismally failed to run a unitary government of a republic and a monarch.
Everybody likes to do work freely devoid of any distraction based on some professional convictions and standards. Alas! That was not so while in Zambia; Lozi workers were not independent in their employment because most of our people were under constant surveillance for nothing by the Zambia regime agents for ‘the guilt are always afraid’!
We have ambitions or desires for personal as well as for our national success. These are things we think about every morning and every day in need of our effort and attention.
Life is diverse in Barotseland and so is Silozi culture an embodiment of the 38+ ethnic groupings in Barotseland. As we interact with each other on daily basis broadmindedness enables us to take all on board and cope with each other’s different approaches to life, worse that we still need to receive visitors from other countries!
Each one of us has endowments as talents or skills we can use to occupy life productively and meaningfully as we fend for ourselves, so what can be the problem, I ask?
When you are on the right hand side of the law and you find yourself under constant attacks inconsiderably for performing your duties rightfully; it requires self-control. Otherwise, tempers can and could have easily flared up! Thanks for the instrumental value of self-control in Barotseland.
• HELPFUL /BENEVOLANCE
Generally Lozi people are helpful to others around. It is one value that keeps us going about life’s errands.
ATTITUDES AND BAROTSE CHANGE
It has been stated already that attitudes refer to predispositions or readiness to respond in a certain way to a person, object, ideas or situations, as one foundation of individual behaviour. Three types of Barotse Change-related attitudes that may be identified are:
1. Barotseland commitment, which refers to our leaders and Lozi people’s level of identification with Bulozi naha ya luna. True commitment has a twofold outlook; your commitment stance must accord with what people around you see in you about it! Otherwise, one is just an imposter or a HYPOCRITE LOZI; commitment without involvement.
2. Barotse change involvement, referring to Barotseland leaders and Lozi people’s level of identification with Barotse Change agenda – our Core Business. Involvement is not enough alone unless coupled with commitment. Otherwise, it amounts to all forms of TREACHERY whether BETRAYAL, AMBIVALENCE, TREASON, deceit and so on. When you are committed and involved one definitely gets engaged in a task at hand in a way that is like no other man’s business but uniquely yours alone!
3. Barotse change job satisfaction; which refers to our leaders or the subjects’ general predisposition about our individual work for motherland, in our continued and heightened Barotse Change crusade. Your level of satisfaction will show either as a disgruntled, disloyal Barotzish or positively zealous and assertive of your true cause and identity.
Are you involved and committed to Barotse change? Or does the level of your commitment and involvement need a serious review and redress? What I understand is that at the end of all this drama happy and satisfied will be only those men and women, gentlemen and ladies, boys and girls who will have been truly committed and involved in our struggle for the complete independent Barotseland.
The so called New Year is finally here and rolling down into history on daily basis in 2016. The big question however is what is really new; the sun still rises and sets the same way! You wake up the same way, eat the same food, and dress the same way and same cloths! When weekend comes you still go to the same church and social groups! As if this is not enough you still work in the same place of employment, having the same friends, children and spouse! The list can go on and on and yet the question still stands honestly “WHAT IS NEW” to constitute the New Year 2016 as it were? While values are long lasting will it be business as usual for you and me? I wish to submit that the NEWNESS OF 2016 is in THE OPPORTUNITIES THE YEAR OFFERS YOU AND ME TO CHANGE OUR PERSONAL ATTITUDES, INFLUENCE and VALUES CONSISTENT WITH OUR TRUE IDENTITY AS BAROTZISH.
In a nutshell, here is your New Year gift in form of life changing quotes from renowned scholars for your reflection:
1. Try not to be a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value. – Albert Einstein. The principle here is first things first this year 2016!
2. The only place where success comes before work is in the dictionary. – Vidal Sassoon. So plan to work first this year before you can talk about success.
3. The most valuable thing you can make is a mistake – you can’t learn anything from being perfect. – Adam Osborne. So consider seriously the lessons from your 2015 mistakes!
4. A man must be big enough to admit his mistakes, smart enough to profit from them, and strong enough to correct them. – John C. Maxwell
5. The most important thing in communication is to hear what isn’t being said. – Peter F. Drucker. For 2015 you were prone to misconstruing most of what was said.
6. If what you are doing is not moving you towards your goals, then it’s moving you away from your goals. – Brian Tracy. Try the opposite this year 2016.
7. Success is walking from failure to failure with no loss of enthusiasm. – Winston Churchill
8. If you cannot do great things, do small things in a great way. – Napoleon Hill
9. In order to succeed, your desire for success should be greater than your fear of failure. – Bill Cosby
10. Tell everyone what you want to do and someone will want to help you do it. – W. Clement Stone. This is one example when silence may neither be eloquent nor wisdom.
11. Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress; working together is success. – Henry Ford
12. Discipline is the bridge between goals and accomplishment. – Jim Rohn
13. The best way to predict the future is to create it. – Peter Drucker
14. A goal is a dream with a deadline. – Napoleon Hill
15. The function of leadership is to produce more leaders, not more followers. – Ralph Nader
16. If you always do what you’ve always done, you’ll always get what you’ve always got! –Alan Scott. Try something new in this New Year.
17. The few who do are the envy of the many who only watch. – Jim Rohn. Many successful revolutions or change agendas have been the work of a few who did work and envied by many who watched! So it is not the game of quantity but quality participants.
18. Giving is better than receiving because giving starts the receiving process. – Jim Rohn. So plan to give this New Year even your valuable time for Barotseland’ sake.
19. Face reality as it is, not as it was or as you wish it to be. – Jack Welch. That is true of 2016; live one day at a time.
20. Tell the world what you intend to do, but first show it. – Napoleon Hill. WE HAVE BEEN TELLING THE WORLD ABOUT OUR BAROTSE CHANGE AND THIS YEAR IS TIME TO FIRST SHOW THE WORLD OUR BAROTSE CHANGE INTENTIONS!
TUKONGOTE WA MWANAA NONGOLO!
Kambwili is one of the most important foes that Zambia has ever produced, but for once, his utterances over the none issue of Barotseland Agreement 1964 (BA’64) statement must be taken seriously.
This is the man who sits in cabinet, convenes with the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) president over important matters, and probably briefs the state security wings before he makes any statement, because he is the chief Government spokesman.
His words represent the entire GRZ.
And when he wakes up one morning and says that Barotseland Agreement of 1964 is not an issue and will be buried once President Edgar Lungu signs the amended Constitution; he speaks for GRZ as a government and as a state.
He further on sarcastically says that the only thing people of ‘Western province’ want is food!
Now this is actually surprising; after people have been killed, arrested, charged for treason, freed, re arrested again, GRZ army besieging Barotseland like in a war, after his own government’s constitution commission have heard countless submissions on the subject, his president appoint a commission of inquiry that he is afraid even to talk about, after a case is opened against his government at the AU…Kambwili and his government say that the issue of Barotseland agreement will be done and dusted when Lungu signs that bill into law.
Is there something unspoken, we are missing here?
In 2012, the people of Barotseland through a Barotse National Council (BNC) constituted by the Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE) and under the instructions of the Litunga finally accepted the abrogation of the Barotseland Agreement 1964.
Is GRZ finally accepting that by signing that constitution without Barotseland, Barotse will only be part of Zambia because of their need for food?
We list 5 reasons we must all celebrate:
1. Once GRZ signs their new constitution without the provisions of the BA’64, it means that every effort to resolve this issue with them has been exhausted. They have also finally accepted that Barotseland is another nation, crunching in their space for food and charity and it is now time they should go.
2. Kambwili has given us evidence before the AU and International courts that Zambia indeed has never wished to resolve the issue of Barotseland amicably. We now have the strongest case against Zambia, because Kambwili is the official GRZ mouth piece.
3. His statement proves that Zambia is a state that cannot be trusted and exists on jungle law. They are just a colonial master of Barotseland governing her without any desire for legal legislature in place.
4. The BNC resolutions of 2012 can effectively come into force. Let us understand that the entire impasse created over the last five years with Zambia was due to the Enacting of a new constitution in which Barotse were refusing to be part of Zambia without any legal legislature, the BA’64. It was after GRZ politicians rejected the BA’64 that the people resorted to self determination. Zambians will be fools to think that after all the efforts that have been made; including the shedding of blood, the arrests of innocent people, the use of their army upon peaceful people…they will have any other option of continuing to rule over Barotseland.
5. Zambia and any Barotse including the BRE and their corrupt officials can now be removed from Barotseland by FORCE. There is no any other way.
Anyone who still supports sleeping with GRZ after this divorce from both parties does not deserve any kindness.
Barotse Activists must unite with one voice and appoint a diplomatic Commission to put pressure on the International community especially the case at the AU to take effect. Colonisers only understand when people they colonise start making noise and their lives uncomfortable.
Barotse must turn up in numbers at the AU heads of state meeting in 3 weeks time with placards, t-shirts, banners and vuvuzelas to protest against any verdict other than complete self determination of Barotseland.
Kambwili did not speak on his own accord. He simply passed GRZ's opinion. There is no more a Zambia with Barotseland. Finally they also have come to their senses as we did, to accept our breakaway. This is what Kambwili is saying to everyone.
What really awaits our surprise would be the presence of Barotse chiefs at the signing of that constitution, what they want to prove by being there?
Would it not be another parade where Kambwili will say…” look even their own chiefs are here…I told you...”
This year indeed, must be the YEAR OF ACTION!
Perhaps this is one of the saddest manifestations of Kenneth Kaunda's deception carried out on an old and trusting principal authority ruler of Barotseland, Litunga Sir Mwanawina Lewanika who was a stranger to lies and double-talk into agreeing into signing of the ‘useless’ BA’64, that has brought sufferings to many families in Barotseland. Today, the Barotseland children seem to have believed Kaunda's diabolic scheme for living as subservient citizens of Zambia, what a shame?
Who has bewitched our brothers and sisters representing the constituencies of ‘western province’ in Zambian parliament to fail to see the cry of Barotseland as they stand and make debates in the Zambian childish style to protect their birth rights as citizens of Barotseland and resign in principle?
The position of Barotseland at the time of Zambia's independence in 1964 was a peculiar one contrary to what it is today as it has many questions than answers to why Zambia thinks it owns the territory without legal facts ever presented to both the people of Zambia and Barotseland at all. How can the people of Barotseland allow Zambia to enjoy powers and privileges over Barotseland which was a protectorate during colonial times without any legal contract in force? The people of Barotseland should stand up for their freedom right because there is no law that bid them to recognize Zambian authority as being legitimate to govern them, other than Barotseland government.
During my recent visit to Mongu, in the last month of December 2015, I was seized with shock at the ignorance status that has gripped most of our young age group who want to forsake their birth right by participating in the in-coming 2016 tripartite elections! The question that remained unanswered in the three days I spent in Mongu is the psychological damage deep rooted in the young age group by even not feeling ashamed in using the oppressor’s language in the land of their fathers when the si-Lozi language is completely unheard on Zambian local radio stations situated in the Zambian cities.
The poverty levels are unbelievable and greet any visitor in every corner of our peoples' lives. This and many other observations proved to me beyond doubt that the intentions of Zambian legislators are merely to enslave our people and use them as passport to their ultimate rise to state House (power). Only the Barotseland government will ultimately meet the economic and political challenges Barotseland is currently facing.
On 6th August, 1964 shortly after the Agreement was signed in London, Kenneth Kaunda travelled to Lealui. This was two months to Independence Day, and Kaunda had travelled in order to quench the mushroomed doubts of whether he would live up to the signed agreement. It came to pass Kaunda's true nature manifested. This will be expected next year from Zambian politicians as they will transverse the breadth and width of Barotseland to lure our politically weakened traditional institution, the Barotse Royal establishment (BRE) and the people into believing that Barotseland is western province and should take part in voting for them to ascend to statehouse.
People of Barotseland, will do a good thing not to think of participating in Zambian politics as Barotseland's time to govern herself is not far from now. Voting will send the wrong signal to the international community and Barotseland’s friends but let us wait for a dramatic birth of the Barotseland government which would be the only legitimate government in place soon. It's time we stop being hoodwinked in the useless nonentity they call ‘western province’. As far as facts stand before us, there is no ‘western province’ or some kind of such province in Barotseland.
Why should someone call or identity you as a WOMAN when in nature you are a MAN?
Mahatma Gandhi once said, “The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others."
Let all be ready for Barotseland government in 2016.
Bulozi fasi la bondata Luna!
By Kamungoma Chisola
Once upon a time there was a King who was short sighted and therefore sold his soul and his family to his cruel neighbor whose foundation hinged on falsehood, treachery, untrustworthiness, the list is endless. At the King's death, one of his beloved children became captive and so poor that he needed help from others.
This is how it happened; The King of Barot named Mwalewa agreed with his neighbor King Kenkau of Desia from the north east. The year was 4691. The agreement was to live in harmony, respect and without interference in each other’s affairs especially Land. They also agreed to be one people and one nation called Mbia.
Soon after signing, Kenkau turned against Mwalewa and literally stripped him or destroyed his culture, systems, practices and everything using armed soldiers. So Desia became a big land. Any talk about Barot was treasonable and usually punishable by banishment to very far remote areas away from home, imprisonment or disappearance. Barots became very afraid and went into hiding. Others even changed their names or married Desians for fear of Kenkau men. Mwalewa died a sad man and later Kenkau's throne was taken by his children who became even more merciless.
One day in the month of Sope of the year 1102, Barots children mobilized to reclaim their land and systems. Unfortunately the then King of Desia (Mbia), nabbed, killed, imprisoned, maimed, dispersed and crushed Barots. Again in the month of Liatamanyi of the year 2102 the Barots, under King Edlubo, re-organized themselves and declared independence because Kenkau and his children did not honour the agreement signed in 4691. They were again brutalized, dispersed, maimed and killed. Unfortunately, King Edlubo formed an alliance with Desia King Edlung, against his people's declared independence. Edlubo received food, clothes, medicine and other services but many of his people suffered.
When Edlubo died, Kenkau's children (Mbias) grabbed everything from his children and family claiming it was property stolen from them. Edlubo turned in his grave, but could not do anything because he was dead. Edlubo's children continued in slavery until they lost their roots, but by then Barot was a free and prosperous land of justice, love, equality, respect and plenty for all.
Bulozi ki Naha ya Kozo