Re-Establishment of Government in Barotseland

15 October 2015
Author 

By Saleya Kwalombota

I would like to share here that the reforms are vital to bring about political power in the  kingdom. In short let it be known that modernization of BRE is not in anyway  abolishing monarch but is  to bring in the element of  statehood. There is no way a political government can be introduced without the modernization of the "Zambian" initiated institution of BRE.

POSITIONS OF AUTHORITY

i. The Litunga  as the ceremonial  Head

ii. The Minyolui as Lord Chancellor

iii) The Lord Prince (ss) as the sitting princes or princesses

iv) Territorial Chiefs  as part of monarch authority

v) The Village Headmen  as extension to the monarch authority at village level.

i) The Prime Minister as the Head of Government

ii) The Cabinet - elected outside parliament and  are part of Government

iii) The Chief Justice

iv) Commissioners

v) The Members of Parliament

Their roles to be well defined so that there will be no ambiguity of order in the day to day administration of government departments.

WHAT IS THE PROBLEM THAT THE REFORMATION TO CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCH IS TRYING TO FIX?

Below are  my views:-

a) It is intended to reduce the power of the monarch in order to establish a more genuinely parliamentary system of government in order to restore a Litungaship  as a source of unity and stability, other than a conduit of perpetual subjugation of Barotseland people through collaboration with the state of Zambia;  

b) It is  intended to define the monarch role as  figurehead whose duties are purely ceremonial and civic, so that the figurehead should  not be a constitutional arbiter;

c) Allowing the monarchy or royal household to  have extensive powers to control security and diplomatic institutions is damaging to democracy, since it excludes key state institutions from the control of ministers who are responsible to parliament. To prevent this, the constitution of the re- established  Barotseland government ( according to the emancipation order of 2012)  would require that all state authorities, including the military and security forces, report solely to the government (and through them to parliament), and not to the monarch;

d) It  also require that the activities of the royal court fall under the responsibility of the prime minister, who should be answerable for the actions of the royal court in parliament (i.e. there should not be a special sphere in which the monarch can give orders). Furthermore,  the budget assigned to the royal court should be determined by parliament and should be subject to the same robust scrutiny and auditing as other expenditures;

e) It is important to insulate the government from royal interference and to protect the  monarch from political controversy. This can be achieved by ensuring that the prime minister, and not the monarch, presides over the cabinet, and by forbidding the monarch from attending cabinet meetings, except perhaps on ceremonial occasions.  If the monarch or other members of the royal family hold ministerial office, the parliamentary nature of the political system is compromised;

f) It is impossible to preserve the political neutrality of members of the royal family who are actively involved in day-to-day politics, and very difficult to hold ministers to account if they are also members of the royal family—with all that implies in terms of immunities and privileges. To avoid this, it is worth considering a constitutional rule in Independent Barotseland,  such as that found in the Constitution of Belgium, expressly prohibiting members of the royal family from holding ministerial office;

ADVANTAGES  OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY SYSTEM;

I) It will bring government closer to the people in villages, county and districts which is of cherished ideal.

II) It will bring about local administration that will ensure real devolution of powers.

III) The time-old Barotse system of having the Kuta, i.e. court, serving as the executive, the legislature and the judiciary concurrently shall be reformed in order to have separation of powers.

IV) The title "Royal Establishment" will be replaced by the more meaningful and appropriate title of "Royal Authority"

V) It promotes the rule of law; where the law would be of prime importance rather than republic of crooks like Republic of Zambia.

VII) Among supporters of constitutional monarchy, however, the experience confirmed the value of the monarchy as a source of checks and balances against elected politicians who might seek powers in excess of those conferred by the constitution, and ultimately as a safeguard against dictatorship.

Currently, there are  44 monarchies in the world, and most of them are constitutional monarchies. People should realize that Barotseland has been practicing some sort of constitutional monarch though it remained stateless for centuries because the system lacked political component. Now the element of state that missed for centuries is added to bring about the required functional constitution monarch.  A system of governance that blends the traditional pattern with modernisation which is idea for Barotseland in this age and that is the essence of constitutional monarch where Sovereignty belongs to the people  and not to the ruler.

Bulozi fasi la bondata Luna

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