BAROTSELAND’S POSTMODERN AND INTERNAL COLONIALISM CONTEXT!
1. NATIONAL BOUNDARIES ENCROACHED
There are numerous archived documents or extracts thereof available for public viewing by aid of the provided links following. These links are as follows:
The Barotseland/Northwestern Rhodesia Order-in-Council 1899, Lewanika Concessions, 'Rhodesia' Map 1906, The 1910 Amalgamation Memorandum, The Northern Rhodesia Order in Council 1911, Barotseland Agreement 1964, The Northern Rhodesia (Barotseland) Order in Council 1953, The Northern Rhodesia (Barotseland) Order - in - Council 1963, - See more at: http://barotselandpost.com/index.php/all-news/features/item/1004-barotseland-boundaries-the-facts-as-established-by-recorded-history
It was Friday the 29th August, 1969, when the Attorney General, according to Government Gazette No.513, introduced constitutional (Amendment) No. 5 Act, 1969, that terminated the Barotseland Agreement 1964, in a hurry to annex and colonise Barotseland. It is interesting to note that although Zambia undertook to cede parts of Barotseland by Acts of Parliament no authority or Zambia herself on the other hand has had power to veto the authentic boundaries of our country in our claim today. So, is it really Rt. Hon. Afumba Mombotwa or collective and successive Zambian presidents who have committed treason in this matter?
2. BAROTSELAND NATIONAL TREASURY LOOTED
Between 1969 and 1970 the Kaunda’s first Zambian Regime unashamedly breached the Barotseland Agreement (BA ’64) and seized our national assets, including the contents of the National Treasury (Central Bank of Barotseland) and has never accounted how it made use of the same assets to date. All this was done for selfish colonist motives including political and legal domination over the alien society of Barotseland, relations of economics and political freedoms of dependence, exploitation between Zambian powers and Barotseland and what would soon be national and cultural inequality between the unitary state partners leading to our current deplorable national economic, social, political and other degeneracies in Barotseland.
3. BAROTSELAND AUTONOMY DUPED
The Barotseland Agreement of 1964 as a Tripartite Treaty was an agreement between the Government of the then British colony Protectorate of Northern Rhodesia, the Litunga (King) on behalf of himself, his Council and the chiefs and Barotzish people of the then separate British elite Protectorate of the Kingdom of Barotseland and the Government of the United Kingdom, in terms of which the two former Protectorates agreed to become independent as a single UNITARY Republic of Zambia, SUBJECT to various provisions preserving Barotseland’s intact within the single Republic. The position, powers and most aspects of the protection formerly provided to the separate and distinct Protectorate of Barotseland, which were to be recognised and upheld by the Government of the single Republic called Zambia were all inviolably enshrined in the honourable BA ’64 Treaty.
4. BAROTSELAND NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS’ RHETORIC NAMING
As if in a bid to please someone most Barotseland institutions were subjected to rhetoric name changes mostly by Kaunda’s regime. Take a look at the following discussed examples:
a. Barotseland Native Government (BNG) sometimes called Barotse Royal Authority (BRA) suffered severest attack by forcefully changing it to a much lower rank of Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE) with our King and Litunga gazetted Paramount Chief of the Lozi people; honestly being disparaged thus after signing the BA’ 64!. Was it legal, logical and fair “THANK YOU” I ask, to a unitary statehood partner Barotseland?
b. Our national language and lingua franca Silozi was gazetted from its prominence as our National Language to a mere ethnic group and tribal language status! Was it necessary I wonder!
c. Our first Barotseland National School transferred to Lusaka and transformed into the once prestigious Munali Technical School, at the expense of the founding educational institution presently called Kambule Secondary School in Mungu. It was not necessary!
d. One of the oldest hospitals in Barotseland and Zambia suffered a similar fate as Lewanika General Hospital instead of Litunga or King Lewanika General Hospital! Given the calibre and global profile of Litunga Lewanika Lubosi (I) it was expected just to acknowledge him as he was without divesting him of the Litunga or King title because after all there are so many Lewanika namesakes today! No wonder none of our founding leaders in Zambia have never been honoured accordingly for to do so means acknowledging Barotseland’s true status and at the same time expose the hidden true history of Zambia. Is this all necessary or just a sheer waste of time?
e. Our country name was gazetted Western Province when ceding some of its parts to other parts of Zambia in a strategic ploy of divide and rule. Thank God for the providence and provisions of international law which render all these colonial schemes by Zambia null and void.
f. To change the indigenous Barotseland population’s religion to the Zambian colonists' religion Kenneth Kaunda in 1965 seized the Church of Barotseland converting it to the United Church of Zambia (UCZ)
5. EXPLOITATIONS BETWEEN IMPERIAL POWER AND THE COLONY
Since 1965, and with more than four changes in the Zambian regimes by 2012, the Litunga, his Council and his people sought to have Zambia reinstate and honour the Agreement BA ‘64, but to no avail. Precisely, the Zambian Government not only failed and refused to do so, but has also been treating the Barotse (Lozi) people brutally, denying their right to self-determination, and abusing the human rights particularly the Administrator General (A.G. Hon. Afumba Mombotwa), two of his BTG cabinet members Hon. Likando Pelekelo and Hon. Silvester Kalima) and others active in the Barotseland cause, up to this very moment; mostly as unprecedented and frequented callouts to Police Stations, Courts and imprisonments.
These are just a few common and visible areas through which Barotseland autonomy and sovereignty suffered vivid setbacks by Zambia’s colonial efforts, regrettably without remorse.
Bad as all this may sound to an ordinary Barozitsh ear the good news is that Barotse Change is a historic and emphatic NO to Zambia’s attempted colonialism, of black-on- Black order over Barotseland. Expectations are therefore high among our people even on the Zambian side, though still living in denial. Our general Barotseland public should not expect kindness and logic from the frustrated Zambian folks but foul mouthing at us, over Barotse Change.
On the other hand, exerting excessive pressure on BTG may be unjustifiable just in anticipation of our ultimate goal. RECALL THAT THEY HAVE ACHIEVED SO MUCH SO FAR IN THE FIVE (5) YEARS TRANSITION PERIOD THUS FAR TRAVERSED COMPARED TO OUR NEAR FIFTY (50) YEARS OF COLONIALISM WITH ZAMBIA ON THE OTHER HAND HAVING UNDERTAKEN TO DESTROY OUR ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL FREEDOMS WE KNOW TODAY! The fifty years’ damage to our country systems requires wisdom and diligence on the part of BTG to manage successfully. THEREFORE, LET BTG BE BTG WHILE BAROTSELAND POPULATION OBLIGES WITH PATIENCE, COMPLIANCE, CONFIDENCE, COMMITMENT AND ALLEGIANCE MOST NEEDED AT THIS HOUR.
Tukongote, Litunga ni lyetu!