Political Editor, Barotseland Post

Political Editor, Barotseland Post

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INDEPENDENCE ACTUALIZATION ALMOST ACHIEVED, LET BAROTSELAND HOLD ON!

By Saleya Kwalombota

To actualise Barotseland independence we should learn something from the "Republic of Biafra", which has since received sympathy support from British parliament. On Thursday, December 3, 2015 the British parliament moved a motion seeking the independence of Biafra and the release of the Director of Radio Biafra and the Leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), Nnamdi Kanu. This came about due to persistence and vision leadership of Biafra independence activists in the likes of Uwazuruike and his lieutenants who on September 13, 1999 unveiled a 25-stage non-violent plan, which they have been pursuing since then without changing goal posts. The plan included among others:

I) Peaceful protests and rallies,

II) Operating two governments -Biafran government in the Diaspora and a shadow government in Nigeria,

III) hoisting of Biafran flags,

IV) release of Biafran currency and international passport, among others.

The aforementioned collaborates to proffessor Nooyo's earlier suggested - TEN POINTS FOR THE TOTAL LIBERATION OF BAROTSELAND. Notable were;

I) Deepening the disengagement of Barotseland from Zambia by creating parallel institutions and structures

2) Building the capacity of the Interim Barotse Government

3) Democratizing and modernizing the Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE) or dissolving it altogether

4) Constituting an eminent panel of legal experts, academics and scientists

5) Creating a solidarity fund in an offshore account

6) Building solidarity networks across Barotseland and the Barotse Diaspora

7) Setting up a government of national unity

Barotseland independence struggle is a living political struggle that requires implementation of strategies as stated above. It is unbelievable that our traditional institution of Barotse royal establishment's legitimacy in the struggle is severed due to corruption allegations and change of goal posts! We need support or involvement of all to stage a civil disobedience against participation in 2016 Zambia's tripartite elections in Barotseland territory, the action that will send strong signal to the international community.

What are we waiting for, when Zambian parliament has already passed the new constitution and under sovereignty states as follows;

(1) Zambia is a sovereign Republic under a constitutional form of governance.

(2) The Republic consists of the territory defined in an Act of Parliament.

(3) The Republic is a unitary, indivisible, multiethnic, multi-racial, multi-religious, multi-cultural and multiparty democratic State.

(4) The Republic shall not be ceded, in whole or in part.

(5) The Republic may enter into a union or other form of inter-state organisation, which action shall not be construed as ceding the Republic.

The above quotes is enough to the well enlightened to define the vector of Barotseland independence struggle. Even Zambian legal jury in 2003 stressed the following and I quote;

"Barotseland is a part of Zambia and remains so only as a consequence of the Barotseland Agreement 1964. Failure to implement the Agreement amounts to frustration of the treaty which gives rise to questions about the legitimacy of the Zambian Government authority over Barotseland and jeopardizes the continued existence of unitary state"

It is quite interesting to note that the above legal position was prepared by Zambian legal jury with integrity and it surprising that a person hail from Barotseland fail to understand the real substance of Barotseland independence right and continue find pride living in Zambia as a subservient citizen!

It worthy mentioning here that there is no any prohibition of declarations of independence in international law, either in general international law or in special rules such as Security Council resolution 1244(1999). Statehood is all about facts which Barotseland has already put forth to the international community and Zambian government. We need to further demonstrate our 2012 BNC endorsement of the legality and legitimacy of the Barotseland state by mass boycotting Zambia's 2016 tripartite elections which is to take place on the Thursday of the second week of August according to the newly passed constitution amendment. Barotseland's demand for self rule is not something that can be robbed from us by any means of intimidation because we believe it is sacrosanct and atoned by blood of the slain Barotseland independence activities in the past.

Barotseland's time to Act is now!

 

The British parliament on Thursday, December 3, 2015 moved a motion seeking the independence of Biafra and the release of the Director of Radio Biafra and the Leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), Nnamdi Kanu.

The British Parliament has called for Biafra Independence from Nigeria and urged the federal government to conduct a referendum in the nearest possible time as can be read on the motion below found on the  British Parliament web site http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/business-papers/commons/early-day-motions/edm-detail1/?session=2015-16&edmnumber=808

Early day motion 808

BIAFRA INDEPENDENCE

•    Session: 2015-16
•    Date tabled: 03.12.2015
•    Primary sponsor: Elliott, Tom
•    Sponsors: Kinahan, Danny

That this House recognises the calls for the independence of territories that constituted the Biafran Republic; acknowledges the Biafran issue could be improved with the co-operation of the Nigerian government by offering a referendum; and urges the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to use its diplomatic strength to assist in the resolution of this matter.

Biafra, like Barotseland, is currently engaged in a peaceful struggle for self-determination, and both states have often been brutalized by their respective current mother states with several arrests of their independence leaders.

It now remains to be seen what Buhari’s Nigerian government’s reaction will be.

 

Following the publication of Zambia's Attorney General's surprise night visit last week to see incarcerated Barotseland Administrator General Afumba Mombotwa and his treason co-accused, the prison service administration at Mukobeko have decided to tighten rules against the rights of Barotse detainees. During his visit, Mr. Likando Kalaluka is reported to have bemoaned the poor prison conditions under which Barotseland leaders were detained at Mukobeko state prison. Since then, however, their detention conditions have allegedly been worsened as a reprisal for the article that appeared in both Barotseland Post and Zambian Watchdog online publications.

Firstly, visitation to the detainees by relatives and sympathizers has been restricted to only working days of Monday to Friday, while weekend visitations have forthwith been cancelled.

The prison administration has further revoked the privilege the detainees had of cooking their own meals. This exposes them to potential danger of food poisoning.

When visited by anyone, a prison warden will now be assigned to record whatever conversation they would be having with the visitors while the length of any visit has also been reduced to ten (10) minutes only. All these measures taken by the prison authorities are meant to further humiliate them as a counter reaction to the leaked visit of Zambia’s Attorney General because the said publication allegedly exposed what was not supposed to be known by outsiders.

And a prison insider has re-iterated that the incarcerated Barotseland leaders are indeed being mistreated. He, however, fears that the ill-treatment will worsen further, if Human rights organizations do not quickly intervene.

The informer further said that while detainees of say ‘Ethiopian’ or ‘Asian’ origin have privileges such as being escorted for shopping and longer and extended chats when visited by their spouses, Barotseland independence advocates are given hard treatment in the same prison.

"I feel pity for them; Zambian government will not be forgiven by the people of that region. Why detain people of political nature like that? What is further sad is that some prison wardens seem to rejoice at their mistreatment, even pointing out that their case will go on up to election time, saying, ‘who will allow their acquittal at this time, when Zambia is headed for tripartite elections next year?’ They fear that they may go and mislead their followers in western province to boycott elections and this may give chance for the opposition UPND leader Hakainde to win," disclosed the prison warden in reference to Zambian president Lungu’s main presidential challenger.

Mukobeko state prison is reportedly notorious for not only prison warden assaulting of in-mates but also prison rape is rampant due to overcrowding, while prison facilities such as toilets and bathrooms are overused posing a challenge on sanitation.

Flush toilets are broken down and are now replaced with mere buckets, particularly at night, making a filthy stench a permanent feature in many wards.

The Barotse detainees have complained of lice, bedbugs and fleas. On their first nights from Mwembeshi prison they were sleeping without beddings on bare cement floor for a week as no visitation was allowed for them at Mukobeko.

It is further to be noted that poor prison conditions in Zambia have been of great concern for a long time now, with then Zambia’s vice president Dr. Guy Scott openly and publicly bemoaning poor conditions at Mukobeko describing it as "hell on earth" in 2012.

In its 1996 comments on Zambia's report on the implementation of human rights standards, the U.N. Human Rights Committee expressed great concern over the country's detention conditions, and particularly the lack of implementation of the U.N. Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.

If convicted, the four Barotseland leaders will be condemned to death by hanging under Zambia’s capital punishment laws as they face a charge of treason for allegedly conspiring the secession of western province from the rest of Zambia, a charge they have since denied.

The Mail & Guardian Africa has featured Barotseland alongside other members of The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) such as the Rehoboth Basters, Somaliland, Oromia and Ogoniland, in a feature about the many African territories which, after the withdrawal of Western colonial powers, are still denied self-determination by the more recent African states in which they have been confined.

While the original article can be found on The Mail & Guardian Africa website:  http://mgafrica.com/article/2015-11-12-african-countries-that-dont-exist we have here below reproduced and re-arranged it.

THESE AFRICAN 'COUNTRIES' DON’T OFFICIALLY EXIST - INCLUDING ONE THAT YOU'VE PROBABLY NEVER HEARD OF

20 Nov 2015 09:10 by Samantha Spooner

Post-colonial African liberation movements you might not have heard too much about, and why owners like Angola, Zambia and Namibia won't 'let go.'

BAROTSELAND

The people and royal household of Barotseland, in western Zambia, have been agitating for the region’s independence. They accuse the Zambian government of ignoring a 1964 treaty which established Barotseland’s position within Zambia as an autonomous region, in place of the earlier agreement between Barotseland and the British Government.

Barotseland, the kingdom of the Lozi people ruled by the Litunga (king or paramount chief), was a protectorate under British colonial rule and became part of Zambia at the country’s independence in 1964. In 2012, a group of traditional Lozi leaders, calling itself the Barotseland National Council, declared that Barotseland was now free to pursue its own peaceful “self-determination and destiny.”

Zambia was quick to quash these declarations and in December 2014 the administrator general of the Barotseland transitional government, Afumba Mombotwa, and three other secessionists were arrested for treason. If they are found guilty they will be hanged. Their trial, which began in August 2015 is still underway though petitions have been handed to the UN demanding the release of the political prisoners.

So why won’t Zambia let go of the Kingdom? Barotseland is in the upper Zambezi valley which means it has very fertile land. The floodplain is also something of a tourist attraction but the main reason could be because the region has oil potential, in addition to other minerals. In 2011 the government awarded the first petroleum exploration licence to a Zambian company, Barotse Petroleum Company, to explore oil and gas in the province.

THE “REPUBLIC” OF CABINDA 

ANGOLA marked its 40th birthday this month and while the South African country blew off the candles, there’s one situation it would be happy the world didn’t pay much attention to.

The “Republic” of Cabinda has even set up its own de facto government, but Angola has no doubt about who the area falls under, having steadfastly held that it is sovereign territory administered from Luanda.

The geography, and history, however stokes the debate: not only is the area completely separated from Angola by a narrow strip of territory belonging to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, but it was also only a protectorate of the Portuguese (called Portuguese Congo) and was only formally integrated into Portuguese Angola in the 1950s. In 1963, the Organisation for African Unity - now the African Union - recognised the distinction between Angola and Cabinda by ranking Cabinda as the 39th state. Internationally though, the area is recognised as part of Angola.

Following independence from the Portuguese, the self-determination movements in Cabinda carried on in the activities of FLEC (Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda), this time against their African colonisers. The Cabinda people have not given up, even though the region has now become the country’s most militarised area as a way of control. FLEC continues to carry out a low-level insurgency in the area, with sporadic attacks on army patrols and oil workers - one high profile attack included a bus carrying the Togolese football team in 2010.

So why won’t Angola let go? Though Cabinda represents just a tiny part of Angola’s overall territory - it’s about the same size as The Gambia - it holds vital economic importance to the country producing most of Angola’s oil wealth - up to 70% - and therefore the revenue on which the government survives.

Cabinda is not alone. Across Africa there are areas which have famously called for secession such as Western Sahara, Somaliland and Puntland - functioning with their own governments and in some cases getting increased international recognition, but there are still others which fly low below the radar…where their “African masters” like to keep them:

FREE REPUBLIC OF REHOBOTH

Chances are that you’ve not heard of this one.

The Rehoboth Basters, descendants of Cape Colony Dutch settlers and African women, number about 35,000-55,000 people and live in an area of 14.216 sq.km south of Windhoek, the capital of Namibia. They claim they settled in the late 1860s and developed their own legislation, years before the Germans installed their colonial rule over Namibia in 1885, giving them a right to independence.

With Namibia’s independence in 1990 they lost their status, which they have been demanding back. The United People`s Movement (UPM) was established in 2009 to unite the Baster People and provide them with a political voice, pushing for autonomy of their political affairs.

However, in the case of the Basters, it’s not that the government doesn’t want to let the area go - they are simply not seen as being of consequence because of their small numbers. Their traditional authority is not being recognised anymore and the Namibian government has registered Rehoboth as commercial land.

OGONILAND

Under the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP), founded in 1990, the people of Ogoni are attempting to disengage from Nigeria having declared independence in 2012. They also presented a Bill of Rights to the Government of Nigeria calling for political control of Ogoni affairs by Ogoni people. It states that the Ogoni people seek, “political autonomy to participate in the affairs of the Republic as a distinct and separate unit (by whatever name called), provided that this autonomy guarantees political control of Ogoni affairs by Ogoni people”.

MOSOP claims that the Ogoni people’s independence was first violated by British colonialism and then “handed over to some other Nigerian ethnic groups in October 1960.” The problem is in 1957 Shell Oil Company struck oil in Ogoniland, which set in motion a process transformed both Ogoni society and Nigeria as a whole. Today, oil accounts for over 90% of Nigeria’s export earnings and some 80% of government revenue, controlling the entire Nigerian economy.

The independence movement is driven by the community feeling inadequately compensated for the take-over of their land by the oil companies and the environmental damages they suffered.

Nigeria has also seen activism around Biafra, for which hundreds of people marched this week, as marginalisation grievances swirl over an area that caused a major civil war in the 1960s.

OROMIA

In Ethiopia the Oromo people -  the country’s largest community with 30 million members, constituting 34.49% of Ethiopia’s population - lay claim to the country of the Oromo, called Biyya-Oromo or Oromia. Oromia is described as one of the free nations in the Horn of Africa until its colonisation and occupation by Abyssinia at the end of the nineteenth century. Their self-determination movement is being pushed by the Oromo Liberation Front, or OLF, an organisation established in 1973.

Their attempts for secession however are being fought by a central government that cannot afford to lose this bread basket, with human rights groups saying there have been excesses. Oromia is the region where coffee first originated, today it accounts for more than 65 % of the country’s total coffee growing land and coffee is the country’s largest export.

CASAMANCE

The Senegalese region has also since the 1980s waged low-level resistance over what it says is marginalisation. Successive peace deals have been signed, and the central government has pushed economic plans to stamp out the disquiet, which has been quiet for the last few years.

It's amazing how people can sit and watch our enemy plant seed of discontent and hopelessly among our people so that their dream of living in independent Barotseland is shuttered. The propaganda as reported by certain sections cannot be ignored and has potential in frustration of the 2012 BNC independence resolutions. We have to get -up and do something about it. We should not be fed on information coming from the lovers of "Zambian corruption" who use BA’64 as money making machine at the expense of majority Lozi nationals. It is surprising that few people uplift the lies peddled by BRE and its associates to the extent of believing the notion that the traditional institution has mandate to decide against the BNC resolutions!

As I continue to speak my mind, some people may comment against my article as being too long and boring to read. But I can assure the WOULD BE READERS that this article is not for compulsory reading, I post strictly for people who do not suffer from a short attention span.

My thoughts are organized in this manner; first the pre-independence assurances by Kaunda and assurance of 1991 letter of Kaunda to Ilute Yeta; the assurances of Sata's 2011 tripartite election campaigns and the reaction of Sata as a sitting president when he received the Rodger Chongwe commission over 2011 Mungu riot on 28th February, 2012; then president Lungu/Lubosi purported deal and finally my hypothesis proving that the BA’64 restoration is not attainable as things stand at now.

WHAT IS RESTORATION?

It is the state of being RESTORED to its former good condition. Was BA’64 altered for it to be put back on its former or original condition? Obviously, NO! The BA’64 was terminated in its entirety without altering its contents. Restoration and implementation are not one and the same. The agreement can be "restored" but implementation can fail! Anyway will look along that angle of "restoration and implementation".

It's important for the critics of progress to know that we find no pleasure in reading their articles, whose assumptions on the very first page are false, right there at the beginning, it disqualifies everything that follows therein. If the basis is crooked, the whole phrases will tumble and it will be hard work for genuine and reasonable people to read the rest. When a sector writes, claiming of having information on purported BA’64 restoration or new "Barotseland Agreement 2015", without laying down facts is to question the intelligence of Barotseland people. And such information will automatically become irrelevant and it will be wise to stop reading it to avoid wasting precious time and energy over writings without solid direction.

PRE-INDEPENDENCE ASSURANCES BY KAUNDA AND ASSURANCE OF 1991 LETTER OF KAUNDA TO ILUTE YETA

In 1964, Kenneth Kaunda then prime minister of Northern Rhodesia, gave assurance that the BA’64 will be honored fully after Northern Rhodesia's independence, "I believe that the BA’64 reached in London is an honorable Agreement from the point of view of both the central Government and the Barotseland Government .....That the Government has no wish to interfere with the DAY TO DAY RUNNING of the internal affairs of Barotseland".

One may ask a question whether Kaunda lived up to his words. The answer is obvious, instead he annulled the same Agreement he referred to as being "honorary Agreement ". This explains how treacherous and inconsistent Kaunda was. In 1969, through constitutional amendment, the BA’64 ceased to have effect and all rights liabilities there under lapsed. Despite the protest from the people, Kaunda even went ahead to abolish National council and replaced it with five elected councils, passed the Chiefs Act that empowered him to withdraw recognition from any chief in Zambia. In fact the Zambia Mail of 3rd September, 1963 reported that "THE LITUNGA WAS JUST ANOTHER CHIEF NOW"

Why did Kaunda sign the Agreement and was it just an ordinary contract which was subject to the sovereign powers of the state of Zambia, which could refuse by legislation to honor its obligations under it? The answer is NO.

With the advent of multiparty in 1991, having realized the dwindled popularity, Kaunda as his custom of treachery, sought to lure Litunga Ilute Yeta III and the people of Barotseland into supporting his presidential re-election to look at the frustrations of defunct BA’64.

According to the letter of 22nd October, 1991 addressed to Ilute Yeta III and signed by Kaunda, " It is my desire and decision that we look together at any and all the anxieties over the BA’64 in detail, piece by piece and step by step until we shall have covered the whole area to the complete satisfaction of all sides".

Kaunda's letter further offered some proposals, "In this regard, I proposed to the Ngambela and his delegation for your consideration that you appoint a lawyer of your own choice WITHIN Zambia who will work with the Attorney General and Solicitor General over these anxieties in the BA’64 with the view to having them all ironed out" reads the letter in part.

Kaunda's treachery is seen by his reference to BA’64 contents as ANXIETIES. What are anxieties? These refer to relatively permanent state of worries and nervousness occurring in a variety of mental disorders. It was clear that Kaunda was headed to dupe Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE) and Litunga again. The BRE got excited and trusted Kaunda's rhetoric statements as usual without giving it a thought!

SATA'S 2011 TRIPARTITE ELECTION CAMPAIGN ASSURANCES AND THE AFTERMATH REACTION WHEN RECEIVED RODGER CHONGWE COMMISSION OVER 2011 MUNGU RIOT ON 28TH FEBRUARY, 2012

History repeats itself, how true is it? Sata played the minds of BRE and people of Barotseland during 2011 tripartite campaign in Mongu by giving assurances that his party once in government will not hesitate to restore BA’64 because “it is an honorary Agreement". Like Kaunda, Sata too used the phrase "honorary Agreement" as the snare language of deceitful.

When receiving the report on 2011 Mungu riot on 28th February, 2012 Sata said, "We understand, we can accept to investigate the brutality, investigate the torture, but I will be very reluctant to advise my government to reinstate the BA’64 because by so doing, that is opening the Pandora Box" Did Sata investigate the police brutality? Opening a Pandora box, what did he mean? Sata's reaction raised serious questions on the agenda of Zambia over Barotseland national policy. The reaction took many well meaning people aback; even the least knowledgeable about the BA’64 must have wondered how Zambians treat the BA’64 issue during and after tripartite elections!

PURPORTED EDWIN /LUNGU RESTORATION DEAL

However, it is likely that the reported rumours of restoration is something spearheaded by the enemy of Barotseland in order to suppress people's hope of living in the independent Barotseland. Restoration of abrogated treaty /Agreement is not an issue that can be handled by dark corner arrangements, far from that. The defunct BA’64 took eleven months of serious consultation to reach conclusion. How about the abrogated BA’64, which has more legal consequences? The restoration would require the legislative power as invested in the National Assembly, subject to Articles 78 and 79. Restoration will require repealing the constitution (Amendment) (No.5) Act No.33 of 1969, which abrogated BA’64 and reinstating Barotseland name and boundary as existed at independence in 1964.

IS THE RESTORATION OF BA’64 ATTAINABLE?

Here below are my hypothesis why BA’64 restoration is not attainable:-

I) restoration will carry heavy costs due to Barotseland's lost opportunities over the past five decades which will attract accrued interest.

II) Restoration will require a consistent and deliberate long-term awareness campaign among both the people of Zambia and Barotseland.

III) Restoration will require legal administrative and political will.

IV) Restoration cannot be possible without the annulment of 2012 BNC independence resolutions

V) Zambia failed to contest the 2012 BNC independence resolutions within the specified 38 days according to the international law.

VII) Restoration is not possible because Zambia committed atrocities against the people of Barotseland that calls for due process of justice.

VIII) Restoration is not possible because the Agreement was abrogated before coming into force; the law frees the other party from any obligation of the abrogated treaty.

IV) The restoration is not possible because the WILL of the affected people is final.

In conclusion, if anything, Lubosi Imwiko should have learnt a lesson of the past because none of the assurances ever materialized. The purported Restoration/New Agreement 2015 will also be a harbinger of what happened to the previous Zambian presidential aspirant candidates over restoration /implementation. Let it be known that the abrogated BA’64 was a self governing agreement of Barotseland territory within independent Northern Rhodesia.

Barotseland's independence is unstoppable

The story of Barotse Change (Barotseland Independence) cannot be complete without mentioning one of the foundations of human behaviour as witnessed in our land - EMOTIONS. This will help us know, understand and explain our past behaviour and also to inform our correct corporate and individual behaviours henceforth. It is common knowledge that Barotse change has suffered dissensions, rifts in some cases and rife but petty rumour mongering most of which has been sheer character assassinations, in one of the enemy’s strategies to thwart our 2012 BNC resolve and mandate. Emotions have been identified as one of the strong tools that can be used by our enemy to disunite and make us lose direction.

By definition emotions are intense feelings that are directed at someone or something with a contextual stimulus. This should not be confused with moods which are less intense feelings that lack a contextual stimulus. Both have the capacity to affect human behaviour to impede or expedite work, depending on a mix of factors in managing emotions. It is a relatively new area of study in management. Therefore, it is likely that many organisations dealing with people and their behaviour may not be giving due attention to this dear subject in the interaction of leaders with their subordinates much to the frustration of workers and work. In essence, it is very important for our leaders in Barotseland to understand emotions not only for the betterment of self-leadership skills and mandate but for their management of Barotse nationals and workers at different levels and walks of life in our new country. One way of achieving this is through emotional intelligence.

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

This is simply the ability by an individual to perceive, understand and effectively apply the power and acumen of emotions as a source of energy, information, connection and influence in a more constructive way. Unfortunately, many times leaders and managers perceive the opposite from the language of emotions. With this in mind a good leader will not shy away from emotions and mood swings displayed by subordinates but regard and find them as a good source of information to make the much needed strategic decisions and consequent business sense; Barotseland and Barotse Change inclusive. It goes without saying that not all emotions are useless per se in good leadership. Consequently, we can differ on opinion at any time or get angry at each other over policy issues but work should still enjoy progress, even much better thereafter. Furthermore, emotional intelligence instils loyalty, trust, productivity, commitment, and innovation within an organisation like Barotseland or any other. So far people have spoken emotionally and it is up to our leadership to pick and glean out vantageous information from such and exploit it to the best advantage of our Barotse Change agenda. In politics this plays a crucial role in determining the success of one country over another – the emotional intelligence of its leaders politically, economically and others.
Consequent to the application of emotional intelligence is the achievement of the much needful Competitive Advantage of our new country Barotseland. This can be done through these three emotional intelligence competences:

•    RELATIONSHIP BUILDING: - as can be seen from the definition of emotions trusting and loyal relationships are built while compelling commitment, productivity and innovation/creativity in Barotseland. Tukongote wa mwanaa nongolo becomes a reality mwa Bulozi. This avoids the tendency by people to use personal unique expertise to outwit others at the expense of the synergy helpful in entrenching competitive advantage of an organisation like Barotseland. The benefits here are quite enormous. Then we can see and say “Kopano ki mata”.

•    INCREASED EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY UNDER PRESSURE: - with emotional intelligence employed in our land people should find it easy to do the right things and do the right things the right way (effectiveness and efficiency respectively). In effect personal and inter-personal energy is boosted from the due confidence in our ranks and develop alertness together with the capacity to excel in stressful times like now.

•    CREATION OF FUTURE: - emotional intelligence allows individuals to be what they can potentially be. This is because it enables leadership build essential skills for tapping the power of divergent views and for identifying and making the most of unique potential in both the leader and the led. This way a future is created just as the holy writ amply states that “Where [there is] no vision, the people perish...” Prov. 29:18 [KJV]. Visionary leadership     is able to tap, using emotional intelligence, from the core talents and strengths in oneself and others that are rarely utilised as a competitive advantage. In the absence of this fact an emotionally dull or visionless leader will see laziness where there is industriousness, hatred where there is love, anger where there is passion for work, failure where there is success, and so on, breeding bickering, dissensions and rifts ultimately. Barotseland does not need such crevices at all costs and we must desist from all causal depravities.

THE FOUR CORNERSTONES OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

This being so important we will then go ahead and look at some foundation stones (cornerstones) of emotional intelligence. These are

•    EMOTIONAL LITERACY – involves the knowledge to develop a clear and useful vocabulary for emotional mastery and recognising, respecting and valuing the inherent wisdom of feelings within an organisation like Barotseland. For instance there are situations and people who mean NO for YES, and YES when actually it is NO, for fear of the unknown!

•    EMOTIONAL FITNESS – a good leader is emotionally fit if in possession of virtues like genuineness, flexibility, authenticity, dependability, faithfulness, truthfulness, revitalisation, resilience, utilisation of trust as an actionable emotional strength to bind people together and constructive discontent or ‘disagree to agree’ principle. In life we need to understand that it is not possible to always agree. In such cases we can learn lessons from the biological mechanism of walking; when one leg steps out first it is not because the other is opposing the movement rather it is a system requirement. Finally both arrive at the destination as parts of the same body. So it is with us in Barotseland.

•    EMOTIONAL DEPTH – Leaders need to dig deeper emotionally; read beyond the face value of an emotion for progress’ sake. This is when our leaders and subjects seek to constantly recognise and develop their talents and strengths while managing their weaknesses and vulnerabilities in Barotseland. For instance if an individual keeps refusing to do a task it may be an indicator of incompetence in the job and proficiency at another task. Once this emotional language message is missed then a worker remains misplacement in the network of workers in an organisation.

•    EMOTIONAL ALCHEMY - it is the emotional intelligence cornerstone that provides for commitment to considerable creativity, experimentation and transformational change as opposed to incremental change. The English idiom says that “there are many ways of killing a rat”. Leadership that manages diversified group should itself be specialised and yet versatile at the same time!

CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EMOTIONALLY INTELLIGENT INDIVIDUAL

Having looked at different aspects of the Barotse Change and emotions it becomes imperative for me to share with you dear reader the identified characteristics of the individual capable of carrying out this remarkable management tool of emotional intelligence. I will do so by looking at the characteristics of an emotionally intelligent individual, in Barotseland context. These include but not limited to:

•    A clear understanding of the self as the first and foremost virtue. Be self-assertive that you are a lozi, Christian, leader, and so on. Emotionally intelligent individuals do not suffer from identity crisis.

•    A clear understanding of and passion for one’s purpose and direction in life. As members of one family called Barotzish we are linked together in one way or another. So, like rings in a chain your misfortunes, failures and successes affect not only yourself but all in one way or another. Therefore, do not lose sight of the purpose and direction in life for that will leave scars of role bearing in the whole web of our family Bulozi.

•    Clear values and conviction to principles of right and wrong. Good values are basis of good character. An emotionally intelligent individual is highly principled in life and an ethical protagonist. This starves corruption tendencies and related evils.

•    Inner peace which provides for personal power and influence. Having clear values and conviction to ethics breeds that inner peace in an individual who finally becomes radiant with power and influence toward others usually in a most salient manner.

•    The wisdom to turn down demands which will destabilise the balance of one’s life. Being emotionally intelligent means ability to exercise selective choice on life’s demands. Otherwise, let alone a human heart is restlessly extravagant.

•    A lifestyle which provides for balance and moderation. An emotionally intelligent individual will appeal more to reason than emotions when faced by life’s demands or challenges.

•    Maintenance of significant and close relationships with a number of close family members, compatriots and friends. This is in view of the principle that “iron sharpens iron” and “no man is an island”. Emotions are human and to benefit more from their language one needs to be humane and social being.

•    A positive and optimistic orientation in life.

The power of emotions in our lives cannot be underestimated for behind most conflicts we see in societies today emanate from mismanaged emotions in most cases. Barotseland is no exception in this fate just as we have witnessed the same in Zambia regarding the way they have been handling the Barotse Change agenda.  The good news however, is that when handled with emotional intelligence they become a very powerful tool (like tears) to building vibrant societies and organisations like the envisaged Democratic Royal Barotseland. 

LITUNGA NI LYETU.

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The Barotseland Post, also known as The Barotsepost, is an online media platform, for now, that is dedicated to reporting stories and news around Barotseland and beyond, giving exclusive coverage and access to the people and the nation of Barotseland to fully express themselves in their aspirations for self- determination.